Killeen-Temple, TX

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Population

451,681

2.03% growth

Median Age

32


Median Household Income

$53,686

0.719% growth

Poverty Rate

14%


Number of Employees

179,094

0.898% growth

Median Property Value

$149,200

4.7% growth

About

In 2018, Killeen-Temple, TX had a population of 452k people with a median age of 32 and a median household income of $53,686. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Killeen-Temple, TX grew from 442,693 to 451,681, a 2.03% increase and its median household income grew from $53,303 to $53,686, a 0.719% increase.

The population of Killeen-Temple, TX is 48.2% White Alone, 24.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 20% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Killeen-Temple, TX speak a non-English language, and 95.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Killeen-Temple, TX are Central Texas College (3,811 degrees awarded in 2017), University of Mary Hardin-Baylor (855 degrees), and Texas A & M University-Central Texas (738 degrees).

The median property value in Killeen-Temple, TX is $149,200, and the homeownership rate is 56.2%. Most people in Killeen-Temple, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Killeen-Temple, TX is 2 cars per household.

Killeen-Temple, TX borders Austin-Round Rock, TX and Waco, TX.

Economy

The economy of Killeen-Temple, TX employs 179k people. The largest industries in Killeen-Temple, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,364 people), Retail Trade (20,302 people), and Educational Services (17,922 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($59,462), Utilities ($54,279), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,029).

Median household income in Killeen-Temple, TX is $53,686. Males in Killeen-Temple, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Killeen-Temple, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,686

2018 value

± $1,951

0.719%

1 Year Growth

± 7.05%

Households in Killeen-Temple, TX have a median annual income of $53,686, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,303 in 2017, which represents a 0.719% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Killeen-Temple, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Killeen-Temple, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Killeen-Temple, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $100,595, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $96,051 and $91,931.

The following map shows all of the counties in Killeen-Temple, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Killeen-Temple, TX (57.3k out of 408k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    32,822 ± 1,355

  2. Hispanic

    17,469 ± 1,042

  3. Black

    15,732 ± 1,055

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Killeen-Temple, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

179k

2018 Value

± 8,478

0.898%

1 Year growth

± 6.48%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Killeen-Temple, TX grew at a rate of 0.898%, from 178k employees to 179k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Killeen-Temple, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,402 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,334 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (12,926 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Killeen-Temple, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Killeen-Temple, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,402 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,334 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (12,926 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Killeen-Temple, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.23 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.68 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Killeen-Temple, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,697), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($64,821), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,380).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

179k

2018 Value

± 8,478

0.898%

1 Year growth

± 6.48%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Killeen-Temple, TX grew at a rate of 0.898%, from 178k employees to 179k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Killeen-Temple, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,364 people), Retail Trade (20,302 people), and Educational Services (17,922 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Killeen-Temple, TX, though some of these residents may live in Killeen-Temple, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Killeen-Temple, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,364 people), Retail Trade (20,302 people), and Educational Services (17,922 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Killeen-Temple, TX has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.1 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.52 times), and Construction (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Killeen-Temple, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($59,462), Utilities ($54,279), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,029).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.5% of the population of Killeen-Temple, TX has health coverage, with 35.3% on employee plans, 12.6% on Medicaid, 5.87% on Medicare, 17.7% on non-group plans, and 17.1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Killeen-Temple, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Killeen-Temple, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.5%

Uninsured

35.3%

Employer Coverage

12.6%

Medicaid

5.87%

Medicare

17.7%

Non-Group

17.1%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Killeen-Temple, TX grew by 6.49% from 10.8% to 11.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Killeen-Temple, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Killeen-Temple, TX is home to a population of 452k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.51% of Killeen-Temple, TX residents were born outside of the country (33.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Killeen-Temple, TX is composed of 218k White Alone residents (48.2%), 109k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.1%), 90.4k Black or African American Alone residents (20%), 20.1k Two or More Races residents (4.45%), 11.4k Asian Alone residents (2.53%), 1.71k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.379%), 1.42k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.314%), and 265 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0587%).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Killeen-Temple, TX was 32. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Killeen-Temple, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Killeen-Temple, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.51%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

33.3k people

7.53%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

32.8k people

As of 2017, 7.51% of Killeen-Temple, TX residents (33.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Killeen-Temple, TX was 7.53%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Killeen-Temple, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

95.4%

2018 Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.4% of Killeen-Temple, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Killeen-Temple, TX was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Killeen-Temple, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    218k ± 2.29k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    109k ± 8.59k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    90.4k ± 2.48k

In 2018, there were 2 times more White Alone residents (218k people) in Killeen-Temple, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 109k Hispanic or Latino and 90.4k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Killeen-Temple, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    34,428 ± 3,740

  2. Vietnam

    10,319 ± 1,181

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    9,941 ± 1,918

Killeen-Temple, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 3.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Killeen-Temple, TX awarded 6,138 degrees. The student population of Killeen-Temple, TX is skewed towards women, with 11,992 male students and 15,345 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Killeen-Temple, TX are White (2,656 and 44.3%), followed by Black or African American (1,496 and 24.9%), Hispanic or Latino (1,186 and 19.8%), and Unknown (217 and 3.62%).

The largest universities in Killeen-Temple, TX by number of degrees awarded are Central Texas College (3,811 and 62.1%), University of Mary Hardin-Baylor (855 and 13.9%), and Texas A & M University-Central Texas (738 and 12%).

The most popular majors in Killeen-Temple, TX are General Studies (2,308 and 37.6%), Registered Nursing (317 and 5.16%), and General Business Administration & Management (275 and 4.48%).

The median tuition costs in Killeen-Temple, TX are $23,660 for private four year colleges, and $4,301 and $15,354 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 156 degrees awarded

  2. 153 degrees awarded

  3. 2,277 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Killeen-Temple, TX was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 156 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Killeen-Temple, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,811 degrees awarded

  2. 855 degrees awarded

  3. 738 degrees awarded

$4,301

Median In-State Public

$23,660

Median Private

In 2017, the Killeen-Temple, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Central Texas College with 3,811 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,015

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,123

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,015 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Killeen-Temple, TX, which is 0.965 times less than the 3,123 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Killeen-Temple, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,656 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,496 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,186 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Killeen-Temple, TX were to White students. These 2,656 degrees mean that there were 1.78 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,496 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Killeen-Temple, TX was $149,200 in 2018, which is 0.65 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $142,500 to $149,200, a 4.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Killeen-Temple, TX is 56.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Killeen-Temple, TX have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Killeen-Temple, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$149,200

2018 Median

± $5,696

$142,500

2017 Median

± $3,991

In 2018, the median property value in Killeen-Temple, TX grew to to $149,200 from the previous year's value of $142,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Killeen-Temple, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Killeen-Temple, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,686

Median Household Income

± $1,951

152k

Number of Households

± 7,046

In 2018, the median household income of the 152k households in Killeen-Temple, TX grew to $53,686 from the previous year's value of $53,303.

The following chart displays the households in Killeen-Temple, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Killeen-Temple, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Killeen-Temple, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

56.2%

2018 Homeownership

56.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 56.2% of the housing units in Killeen-Temple, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 56.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Killeen-Temple, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Killeen-Temple, TX have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.13% of the workforce in Killeen-Temple, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Killeen-Temple, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.3%

  2. Carpooled

    12.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.36%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Killeen-Temple, TX was Drove Alone (78.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.3%) and those who Worked At Home (5.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Killeen-Temple, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Killeen-Temple, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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