LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
161,744
0.323% 1-year growth
US Senator
Dianne Feinstein
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kamala Harris
Democratic Party
Median Age
28

Poverty Rate
32.5%

Median Household Income
$35,514
8.3% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$321,500
10.2% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
52,715
4.94% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA had a population of 162k people with a median age of 28 and a median household income of $35,514. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA grew from 161,224 to 161,744, a 0.323% increase and its median household income grew from $32,791 to $35,514, a 8.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA are Other (Hispanic) (38.2%), White (Hispanic) (34.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (23.2%), Two+ (Hispanic) (0.823%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (0.699%). 72.6% of the people in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA speak a non-English language, and 74.9% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is $321,500, and the homeownership rate is 32.9%. Most people in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 33.9 minutes. The average car ownership in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in California, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of California across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 61.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.6%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.37%). The most partisan county was San Francisco County, CA with 85% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Dianne Feinstein and Kamala Harris are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of California.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for California
61.7% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in California
  1. 85% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 78.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 78.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in California was San Francisco County, CA with 85% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in California colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Dianne Feinstein
Senator from California1
Assumed office on November 4, 1992
Kamala Harris
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dianne Feinstein and Kamala Harris are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is home to a population of 162k people, from which 74.9% are citizens. As of 2018, 34.8% of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (56.3k people).

In 2018, there were 1.11 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (61.9k people) in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 55.6k White (Hispanic) and 37.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA are Spanish (104,957 speakers), Haitian (345 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (184 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    61.9k ± 2.83k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    55.6k ± 2.82k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    37.5k ± 1.95k
74.7%
Hispanic Population
121k people

In 2018, there were 1.11 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (61.9k people) in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 55.6k White (Hispanic) and 37.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

74.7% of the people in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA are hispanic (121k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    104,957 speakers (71.7%)
  2. Haitian
    345 speakers (0.236%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    184 speakers (0.126%)

72.6% of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was Spanish. 71.7% of the overall population of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA are native Spanish speakers. 0.236% speak Haitian and 0.126% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

34.8%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
56.3k people
35.1%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
55.4k people

As of 2018, 34.8% of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA residents (56.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was 35.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

19
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was 28. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 19, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA residents was 28.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    36,778 ± 4,137 people
  2. El Salvador
    10,051 ± 2,383 people
  3. Guatemala
    5,345 ± 1,765 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 36,778 LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA residents, followed by El Salvador with 10,051 and Guatemala with 5,345.

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Citizenship

74.9%
2018 Citizenship
74.8%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 74.9% of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was 74.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    434 ± 111
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    283 ± 104
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    134 ± 73

LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.53 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is $35,514. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $181,965, followed by San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA and Inner Mission & Castro PUMA, CA, with respective values of $179,435 and $164,252.

Males in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.01 times higher than the average income of females, which is $28,397. The income inequality in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.339, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA employs 52.7k people. The largest industries in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA are Restaurants & Food Services (4,193 people), Construction (3,216 people), and Cut & sew apparel manufacturing (2,472 people), and the highest paying industries are Justice, public order, & safety activities ($60,319), Postal Service ($49,786), and National security & international affairs ($46,790).

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,514
2018 value
± $1,217
8.3%
1 Year Growth
± 4.84%

Households in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have a median annual income of $35,514, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,791 in 2017, which represents a 8.3% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$28,539
Average Male Salary in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA
± $2,868
$28,397
Average Female Salary in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA
± $3,412

In 2017, full-time male employees in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA made 1.01 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA
  1. American Indian
    $39,860 ± $42,205
  2. Two or More Races
    $29,098 ± $26,524
  3. Black
    $29,081 ± $5,982

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.37 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.339
2017 Wage GINI in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA
0.346
2016 Wage GINI in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA

In 2017, the income inequality in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was 0.339 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.91% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $181,965, followed by San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA and Inner Mission & Castro PUMA, CA, with respective values of $179,435 and $164,252.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA (52.2k out of 161k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    35,446 ± 1,286
  2. Other
    19,692 ± 984
  3. Black
    15,978 ± 943

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by Other and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

52.7k
2017 Value
4.94%
1 Year growth
± 4.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 4.94%, from 50.2k employees to 52.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, are Janitors & building cleaners (2,805 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,232 people), and Cashiers (2,007 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, by number of employees, are Janitors & building cleaners (2,805 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,232 people), and Cashiers (2,007 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Sewing machine operators (28.3 times higher than expected), Upholsterers (13.1 times), and Pressers, textile, garment, & related materials (12.1 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, by average salary, are Education administrators ($62,550), Human resources workers ($58,191), and Upholsterers ($55,044).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

52.7k
2017 Value
4.94%
1 Year growth
± 4.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 4.94%, from 50.2k employees to 52.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,193 people), Construction (3,216 people), and Cut & sew apparel manufacturing (2,472 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,193 people), Construction (3,216 people), and Cut & sew apparel manufacturing (2,472 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA has an unusually high number of Cut & sew apparel manufacturing (31.6 times higher than expected), Apparel, piece goods, & notions merchant wholesalers (10.6 times), and Fabric mills, except knitting mills (6.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA, by average salary, are Justice, public order, & safety activities ($60,319), Postal Service ($49,786), and National security & international affairs ($46,790).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $196B
  2. $157B
  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California.
$1.54T
2015 Value in California
$2.48T
Projected 2045 Value in California
61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $63.1B
  2. $42.2B
  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was $321,500 in 2018, which is 1.4 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $291,700 to $321,500, a 10.2% increase. The homeownership rate in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is 32.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 33.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$321,500
2018 Median
± $6,268
$291,700
2017 Median
± $5,006

In 2018, the median property value in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA grew to to $321,500 from the previous year's value of $291,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$35,514
Median Household Income
± $1,217
38.6k
Number of Households
± 1,171

In 2018, the median household income of the 38.6k households in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA grew to $35,514 from the previous year's value of $32,791.

The following chart displays the households in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

32.9%
2018 Homeownership
33.1%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 32.9% of the housing units in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 33.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

33.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have a longer commute time (33.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 4.69% of the workforce in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    69.6%
  2. Public Transit
    12.5%
  3. Carpooled
    12%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA was Drove Alone (69.6%), followed by those who Public Transit (12.5%) and those who Carpooled (12%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

82.8% of the population of LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 21.2% on employee plans, 53.2% on Medicaid, 3.01% on Medicare, 4.94% on non-group plans, and 0.362% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in California was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in California see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,281 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
$7,549
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in California
$4,735
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,368
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,833
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.2%
Uninsured
21.2%
Employer Coverage
53.2%
Medicaid
3.01%
Medicare
4.94%
Non-Group
0.362%
Military or VA

Between N/A and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA N/A by N/A from N/A% to 17.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 10.6% prevalence
  2. 10.5% prevalence
  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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