Linn County, IA

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Population

220,008

0.886% growth

Median Age

37.4


Median Household Income

$62,702

2.81% growth

Poverty Rate

9.46%


Number of Employees

117,384

1.51% growth

Median Property Value

$150,600

1.35% growth

About

In 2017, Linn County, IA had a population of 220k people with a median age of 37.4 and a median household income of $62,702. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Linn County, IA grew from 218,076 to 220,008, a 0.886% increase and its median household income grew from $60,989 to $62,702, a 2.81% increase.

The population of Linn County, IA is 87% White Alone, 4.81% Black or African American Alone, and 3.09% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Linn County, IA speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Linn County, IA are Kirkwood Community College (2,116 degrees awarded in 2016), Mount Mercy University (606 degrees), and Coe College (402 degrees).

The median property value in Linn County, IA is $150,600, and the homeownership rate is 74.2%. Most people in Linn County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Linn County, IA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Cedar River, Marion, IA

Economy

The economy of Linn County, IA employs 117k people. The largest industries in Linn County, IA are Manufacturing (19,138 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,996 people), and Retail Trade (14,574 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($90,577), Utilities ($85,462), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,679).

Median household income in Linn County, IA is $62,702. Males in Linn County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Linn County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,702

2017 value

± $1,489

2.81%

1 Year Growth

± 3.51%

Households in Linn County, IA have a median annual income of $62,702, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,989 in 2016, which represents a 2.81% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Linn County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Linn County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2.03

  2. Census Tract 2.05

  3. Census Tract 2.06

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Linn County, IA was Census Tract 2.03 with a value of $120,486, followed by Census Tract 2.05 and Census Tract 2.06, with respective values of $108,576 and $101,810.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Linn County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.46% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Linn County, IA (20.3k out of 214k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,228 ± 929

  2. Black

    3,178 ± 434

  3. Two Or More

    1,356 ± 307

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Linn County, IA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

117k

2017 Value

± 2,387

1.51%

1 Year growth

± 2.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Linn County, IA grew at a rate of 1.51%, from 116k employees to 117k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Linn County, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,185 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,515 people), and Management Occupations (12,488 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Linn County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Linn County, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,185 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,515 people), and Management Occupations (12,488 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Linn County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.64 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.53 times), and Production Occupations (1.17 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Linn County, IA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,522), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($76,074), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($74,911).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

117k

2017 Value

± 2,387

1.51%

1 Year growth

± 2.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Linn County, IA grew at a rate of 1.51%, from 116k employees to 117k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Linn County, IA, are Manufacturing (19,138 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,996 people), and Retail Trade (14,574 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Linn County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Linn County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Linn County, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (19,138 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,996 people), and Retail Trade (14,574 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Linn County, IA has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.72 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.61 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Linn County, IA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($90,577), Utilities ($85,462), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,679).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.6% of the population of Linn County, IA has health coverage, with 58.1% on employee plans, 13.3% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Linn County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Linn County, IA see 1571 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.87% decrease from the previous year (1601 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1394 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 644 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,571 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Linn County, IA see an average of 1,571 patients per year. This represents a 1.87% decrease from the previous year (1,601 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Linn County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.42%

Uninsured

58.1%

Employer Coverage

13.3%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Linn County, IA declined by 13.3% from 5.1% to 4.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Linn County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Linn County, IA is home to a population of 220k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.01% of Linn County, IA residents were born outside of the country (8.82k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Linn County, IA is composed of 191k White Alone residents (87%), 10.6k Black or African American Alone residents (4.81%), 6.79k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.09%), 5.34k Two or More Races residents (2.43%), 4.97k Asian Alone residents (2.26%), 455 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.207%), 323 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.147%), and 124 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0564%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Linn County, IA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Linn County, IA was 37.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Linn County, IA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Linn County, IA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.82k people

3.52%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.69k people

As of 2017, 4.01% of Linn County, IA residents (8.82k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Linn County, IA was 3.52%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Linn County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Linn County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Linn County, IA was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Linn County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    191k ± 306

  2. Black or African American Alone

    10.6k ± 521

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    6.79k ± 848

In 2017, there were 18.1 times more White Alone residents (191k people) in Linn County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.6k Black or African American Alone and 6.79k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Linn County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Linn County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Linn County, IA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Linn County, IA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,812 ± 433

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,062 ± 325

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,058 ± 374

Linn County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Linn County, IA awarded 3,758 degrees. The student population of Linn County, IA is skewed towards women, with 8,637 male students and 10,519 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Linn County, IA are White (2,969 and 80.5%), followed by Unknown (231 and 6.27%), Black or African American (170 and 4.61%), and Hispanic or Latino (167 and 4.53%).

The largest universities in Linn County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Kirkwood Community College (2,116 and 56.3%), Mount Mercy University (606 and 16.1%), and Coe College (402 and 10.7%).

The most popular majors in Linn County, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (861 and 22.9%), Registered Nursing (283 and 7.53%), and General Business Administration & Management (272 and 7.24%).

The median tuition costs in Linn County, IA are $39,675 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 861 degrees awarded

  2. 137 degrees awarded

  3. 65 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Linn County, IA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 861 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Linn County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,116 degrees awarded

  2. 606 degrees awarded

  3. 402 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$39,675

Median Private

In 2016, the Linn County, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Kirkwood Community College with 2,116 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,444

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,314

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,444 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Linn County, IA, which is 0.624 times less than the 2,314 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Linn County, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,969 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    231 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    170 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Linn County, IA were to White students. These 2,969 degrees mean that there were 12.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 231 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Linn County, IA was $150,600 in 2017, which is 0.692 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $148,600 to $150,600, a 1.35% increase. The homeownership rate in Linn County, IA is 74.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Linn County, IA have an average commute time of 18.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Linn County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,702

Median Household Income

± $1,489

89.1k

Number of Households

± 1,944

In 2017, the median household income of the 89.1k households in Linn County, IA grew to $62,702 from the previous year's value of $60,989.

The following chart displays the households in Linn County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$150,600

2017 Median

± $2,115

$148,600

2016 Median

± $1,853

In 2017, the median property value in Linn County, IA grew to to $150,600 from the previous year's value of $148,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Linn County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Linn County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Linn County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Linn County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

74.2%

2017 Homeownership

73.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.2% of the housing units in Linn County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Linn County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Linn County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Linn County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Linn County, IA have a shorter commute time (18.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.1% of the workforce in Linn County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Linn County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.8%

  2. Carpooled

    8.28%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.22%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Linn County, IA was Drove Alone (84.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.28%) and those who Worked At Home (3.22%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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