New York

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Population

19.8M

0.527% growth

Median Age

38.7


Median Household Income

$64,894

3.16% growth

Poverty Rate

15.1%


Number of Employees

9.14M

1.58% growth

Median Property Value

$314,500

4% growth

About

In 2017, New York had a population of 19.8M people with a median age of 38.7 and a median household income of $64,894. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of New York grew from 19.7M to 19.8M, a 0.527% increase and its median household income grew from $62,909 to $64,894, a 3.16% increase.

The population of New York is 55.1% White Alone, 19.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 14.3% Black or African American Alone. 30.9% of the people in New York speak a non-English language, and 90% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in New York are New York University (16,758 degrees awarded in 2016), Columbia University in the City of New York (12,707 degrees), and University at Buffalo (8,919 degrees).

The median property value in New York is $314,500, and the homeownership rate is 53.8%. Most people in New York commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32.2 minutes. The average car ownership in New York is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of New York employs 9.14M people. The largest industries in New York are Elementary & secondary schools (693,523 people), Restaurants & Food Services (558,826 people), and Hospitals (510,549 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($189,669), Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($147,835), and Software publishing ($141,407).

Median household income in New York is $64,894. Males in New York have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $60,672. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$64,894

2017 value

± $507

3.16%

1 Year Growth

± 1.23%

Households in New York have a median annual income of $64,894, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,909 in 2016, which represents a 3.16% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in New York compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$78,550

Average Male Salary

± $1,168

$60,672

Average Female Salary

± $854

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $67,169 ± $870

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $62,618 ± $15,800

  3. Asian

    $62,444 ± $2,225

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.499

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.375% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in New York was Nassau County, NY with a value of $108,133, followed by Putnam County, NY and Suffolk County, NY, with respective values of $99,479 and $94,750.

The following map shows all of the counties in New York colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in New York (2.91M out of 19.3M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,352,714 ± 8,148

  2. Hispanic

    889,328 ± 6,817

  3. Black

    670,972 ± 6,024

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in New York is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.14M

2017 Value

1.58%

1 Year growth

± 1.58%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in New York grew at a rate of 1.58%, from 9M employees to 9.14M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in New York, are Elementary & middle school teachers (280,017 people), Miscellaneous managers (250,105 people), and Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (247,919 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of New York.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of New York, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (280,017 people), Miscellaneous managers (250,105 people), and Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (247,919 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, New York has an unusually high number of residents working as Baggage porters, bellhops, & concierges (4.62 times higher than expected), Railtrack laying & maintenance equipment operators (4.33 times), and Motion picture projectionists (4.11 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of New York, by average salary, are Economists ($244,852), Other financial specialists ($222,972), and Physicians & surgeons ($215,860).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.14M

2017 Value

1.58%

1 Year growth

± 1.58%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in New York grew at a rate of 1.58%, from 9M employees to 9.14M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in New York, are Elementary & secondary schools (693,523 people), Restaurants & Food Services (558,826 people), and Hospitals (510,549 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of New York, though some of these residents may live in New York and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in New York, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (693,523 people), Restaurants & Food Services (558,826 people), and Hospitals (510,549 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, New York has an unusually high number of Apparel accessories & other apparel manufacturing (3.38 times higher than expected), Bus service & urban transit (3.26 times), and Other information services, except libraries & archives, & internet publishing & broadcasting & web search portals (2.91 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in New York, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($189,669), Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($147,835), and Software publishing ($141,407).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of New York has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 22.4% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 0.675% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of New York was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in New York see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.68%

Uninsured

48.1%

Employer Coverage

22.4%

Medicaid

11.2%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

0.675%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in New York declined by 6.39% from 6.06% to 5.68%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in New York changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

New York is home to a population of 19.8M people, from which 90% are citizens. As of 2017, 22.6% of New York residents were born outside of the country (4.49M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of New York is composed of 10.9M White Alone residents (55.1%), 3.81M Hispanic or Latino residents (19.2%), 2.85M Black or African American Alone residents (14.3%), 1.72M Asian Alone residents (8.66%), 377k Two or More Races residents (1.9%), 113k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.569%), 41.8k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.21%), and 4.59k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0231%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in New York are Spanish (2,840,654 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (630,716 speakers), and Russian (218,449 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in New York was 38.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in New York are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all New York residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

22.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.49M people

22.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.44M people

As of 2017, 22.6% of New York residents (4.49M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in New York was 22.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in New York compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    527,485 ± 17,593 people

  2. China

    441,157 ± 16,125 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,203 ± 11,935 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 527,485 New York residents, followed by China with 441,157 and Jamaica with 239,203.

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Citizenship

90%

2017 Citizenship

89.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90% of New York residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in New York was 89.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in New York compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    10.9M ± 5.67k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.81M ± 53.8k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.85M ± 11.9k

In 2017, there were 2.87 times more White Alone residents (10.9M people) in New York than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.81M Hispanic or Latino and 2.85M Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in New York as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,840,654 speakers (15.2%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    630,716 speakers (3.37%)

  3. Russian

    218,449 speakers (1.17%)

30.9% of New York citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in New York was Spanish. 15.2% of the overall population of New York are native Spanish speakers. 3.37% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 1.17% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    238,449 ± 5,882

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    103,893 ± 5,581

  3. Korea

    73,466 ± 3,638

New York has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.3 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in New York awarded 336,060 degrees. The student population of New York is skewed towards women, with 566,760 male students and 735,886 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in New York are White (161,944 and 54%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (45,161 and 15%), Black or African American (39,853 and 13.3%), and Asian (27,708 and 9.23%).

The largest universities in New York by number of degrees awarded are New York University (16,758 and 4.99%), Columbia University in the City of New York (12,707 and 3.78%), and University at Buffalo (8,919 and 2.65%).

The most popular majors in New York are General Business Administration & Management (22,045 and 6.56%), Registered Nursing (12,735 and 3.79%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (11,841 and 3.52%).

The median tuition costs in New York are $26,400 for private four year colleges, and $6,470 and $16,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 10,183 degrees awarded

  2. 8,498 degrees awarded

  3. 7,083 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in New York was General Psychology with 10,183 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in New York according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 16,758 degrees awarded

  2. 12,707 degrees awarded

  3. 8,919 degrees awarded

$6,470

Median In-State Public

$26,400

Median Private

In 2016, the New York institution with the largest number of graduating students was New York University with 16,758 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

135,254

Degrees Awarded to Men

200,806

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 135,254 men were awarded degrees from institutions in New York, which is 0.674 times less than the 200,806 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in New York by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    161,944 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    45,161 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    39,853 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in New York were to White students. These 161,944 degrees mean that there were 3.59 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 45,161 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in New York was $314,500 in 2017, which is 1.45 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $302,400 to $314,500, a 4% increase. The homeownership rate in New York is 53.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in New York have an average commute time of 32.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in New York is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$64,894

Median Household Income

± $507

7.3M

Number of Households

± 42,913

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.3M households in New York grew to $64,894 from the previous year's value of $62,909.

The following chart displays the households in New York distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$314,500

2017 Median

± $2,313

$302,400

2016 Median

± $2,460

In 2017, the median property value in New York grew to to $314,500 from the previous year's value of $302,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in New York compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New York the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in New York distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New York the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

53.8%

2017 Homeownership

53.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53.8% of the housing units in New York were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 53.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in New York compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in New York distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in New York have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

32.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in New York have a longer commute time (32.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 5.8% of the workforce in New York have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in New York compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    53.1%

  2. Public Transit

    28.1%

  3. Carpooled

    6.26%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in New York was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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