North of I-635 PUMA, TX

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Population

115,575

2.73% growth

Median Age

34.3


Median Household Income

$59,001

5.73% growth

Poverty Rate

11.5%


Number of Employees

65,734

1.66% growth

Median Property Value

$182,300

6.86% growth

About

In 2017, North of I-635 PUMA, TX had a population of 116k people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $59,001. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of North of I-635 PUMA, TX grew from 112,507 to 115,575, a 2.73% increase and its median household income grew from $55,805 to $59,001, a 5.73% increase.

The population of North of I-635 PUMA, TX is 39.6% Hispanic or Latino, 38.5% White Alone, and 11.8% Black or African American Alone. 43% of the people in North of I-635 PUMA, TX speak a non-English language, and 81.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are Brookhaven College (1,725 degrees awarded in 2016), Brightwood College-Dallas (299 degrees), and Cosmetology Career Center LLC (161 degrees).

The median property value in North of I-635 PUMA, TX is $182,300, and the homeownership rate is 33%. Most people in North of I-635 PUMA, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in North of I-635 PUMA, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of North of I-635 PUMA, TX employs 65.7k people. The largest industries in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are Restaurants & Food Services (6,153 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,656 people), and Construction (3,062 people), and the highest paying industries are Oil & gas extraction ($204,047), Services incidental to transportation ($135,700), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($131,726).

Median household income in North of I-635 PUMA, TX is $59,001. Males in North of I-635 PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,766. The income inequality in North of I-635 PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,001

2017 value

± $1,913

5.73%

1 Year Growth

± 4%

Households in North of I-635 PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $59,001, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,805 in 2016, which represents a 5.73% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in North of I-635 PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$67,124

Average Male Salary

± $10,758

$48,766

Average Female Salary

± $6,238

In 2017, full-time male employees in North of I-635 PUMA, TX made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North of I-635 PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $60,765 ± $9,104

  2. Asian

    $59,710 ± $17,117

  3. Two or More Races

    $58,658 ± $24,007

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North of I-635 PUMA, TX workers was White. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North of I-635 PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.12% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for North of I-635 PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North of I-635 PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North of I-635 PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $131,600, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $116,092 and $115,108.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in North of I-635 PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North of I-635 PUMA, TX (13.3k out of 115k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    8,071 ± 749

  2. White

    6,679 ± 595

  3. Black

    1,700 ± 403

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North of I-635 PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

65.7k

2017 Value

1.66%

1 Year growth

± 1.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in North of I-635 PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.66%, from 64.7k employees to 65.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North of I-635 PUMA, TX, are Retail salespersons (1,944 people), Miscellaneous managers (1,886 people), and Customer service representatives (1,808 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North of I-635 PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of North of I-635 PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Retail salespersons (1,944 people), Miscellaneous managers (1,886 people), and Customer service representatives (1,808 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, North of I-635 PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Crossing guards (4.89 times higher than expected), Information security analysts (4.84 times), and Tax preparers (4.53 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of North of I-635 PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($313,591), Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents ($220,952), and Chief executives & legislators ($189,755).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

65.7k

2017 Value

1.66%

1 Year growth

± 1.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in North of I-635 PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.66%, from 64.7k employees to 65.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North of I-635 PUMA, TX, are Restaurants & Food Services (6,153 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,656 people), and Construction (3,062 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North of I-635 PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in North of I-635 PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in North of I-635 PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (6,153 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,656 people), and Construction (3,062 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, North of I-635 PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Electronic & precision equipment repair and maintenance (5.85 times higher than expected), Oil & gas extraction (3.8 times), and Paper & paper products merchant wholesalers (3.58 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in North of I-635 PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Oil & gas extraction ($204,047), Services incidental to transportation ($135,700), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($131,726).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of North of I-635 PUMA, TX has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of North of I-635 PUMA, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in North of I-635 PUMA, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in North of I-635 PUMA, TX N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North of I-635 PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

North of I-635 PUMA, TX is home to a population of 116k people, from which 81.2% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of North of I-635 PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of North of I-635 PUMA, TX is composed of 45.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (39.6%), 44.5k White Alone residents (38.5%), 13.7k Black or African American Alone residents (11.8%), 8.06k Asian Alone residents (6.98%), 3.19k Two or More Races residents (2.76%), 205 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.177%), 170 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.147%), and 28 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0242%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are Spanish (36,007 speakers), Vietnamese (1,212 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (794 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was 34.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all North of I-635 PUMA, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

26.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

29.5k people

As of 2017, N/A% of North of I-635 PUMA, TX residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was 26.2%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North of I-635 PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    12,815 ± 2,621 people

  2. El Salvador

    3,286 ± 1,387 people

  3. India

    1,519 ± 951 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North of I-635 PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 12,815 North of I-635 PUMA, TX residents, followed by El Salvador with 3,286 and India with 1,519.

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Citizenship

81.2%

2017 Citizenship

81.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 81.2% of North of I-635 PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was 81.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North of I-635 PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    45.8k ± 2.42k

  2. White Alone

    44.5k ± 1.47k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    13.7k ± 1.3k

In 2017, there were 1.03 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (45.8k people) in North of I-635 PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 44.5k White Alone and 13.7k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in North of I-635 PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    36,007 speakers (33.5%)

  2. Vietnamese

    1,212 speakers (1.13%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    794 speakers (0.739%)

43% of North of I-635 PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was Spanish. 33.5% of the overall population of North of I-635 PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 1.13% speak Vietnamese and 0.739% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,613 ± 281

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    863 ± 208

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    826 ± 232

North of I-635 PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in North of I-635 PUMA, TX awarded 2,377 degrees. The student population of North of I-635 PUMA, TX is skewed towards women, with 5,739 male students and 8,274 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (878 and 37.2%), followed by White (799 and 33.8%), Black or African American (364 and 15.4%), and Asian (174 and 7.37%).

The largest universities in North of I-635 PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are Brookhaven College (1,725 and 72.6%), Brightwood College-Dallas (299 and 12.6%), and Cosmetology Career Center LLC (161 and 6.77%).

The most popular majors in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are General Studies (818 and 34.4%), Automobile Mechanics Technology (328 and 13.8%), and Medical Assistant (181 and 7.61%).

The median tuition costs in North of I-635 PUMA, TX are $16,544 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 37 degrees awarded

  2. 818 degrees awarded

  3. 75 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was Automobile Mechanics Technology with 37 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in North of I-635 PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,725 degrees awarded

  2. 299 degrees awarded

  3. 161 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$16,544

Median Private

In 2016, the North of I-635 PUMA, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Brookhaven College with 1,725 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

968

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,409

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 968 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North of I-635 PUMA, TX, which is 0.687 times less than the 1,409 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in North of I-635 PUMA, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    878 degrees awarded

  2. White

    799 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    364 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in North of I-635 PUMA, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 878 degrees mean that there were 1.1 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 799 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was $182,300 in 2017, which is 0.838 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $170,600 to $182,300, a 6.86% increase. The homeownership rate in North of I-635 PUMA, TX is 33%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in North of I-635 PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in North of I-635 PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,001

Median Household Income

± $1,913

51.1k

Number of Households

± 1,487

In 2017, the median household income of the 51.1k households in North of I-635 PUMA, TX grew to $59,001 from the previous year's value of $55,805.

The following chart displays the households in North of I-635 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$182,300

2017 Median

± $7,805

$170,600

2016 Median

± $3,981

In 2017, the median property value in North of I-635 PUMA, TX grew to to $182,300 from the previous year's value of $170,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in North of I-635 PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North of I-635 PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in North of I-635 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North of I-635 PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

33%

2017 Homeownership

33.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 33% of the housing units in North of I-635 PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 33.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in North of I-635 PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North of I-635 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North of I-635 PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North of I-635 PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.35% of the workforce in North of I-635 PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North of I-635 PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.5%

  2. Carpooled

    7.66%

  3. Worked At Home

    5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in North of I-635 PUMA, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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