Northumberland County, VA

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Population

12,254

0.147% decline

Median Age

56.5


Median Household Income

$56,677

4.11% growth

Poverty Rate

13.5%


Number of Employees

4,733

4.05% decline

Median Property Value

$277,900

8.39% growth

About

In 2017, Northumberland County, VA had a population of 12.3k people with a median age of 56.5 and a median household income of $56,677. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Northumberland County, VA declined from 12,272 to 12,254, a -0.147% decrease and its median household income grew from $54,440 to $56,677, a 4.11% increase.

The population of Northumberland County, VA is 69.9% White Alone, 28.5% Black or African American Alone, and 0.775% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Northumberland County, VA speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Northumberland County, VA is $277,900, and the homeownership rate is 85.2%. Most people in Northumberland County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Northumberland County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Northumberland County, VA employs 4.73k people. The largest industries in Northumberland County, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (864 people), Construction (484 people), and Retail Trade (479 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($82,969), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($82,969), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,776).

Median household income in Northumberland County, VA is $56,677. Males in Northumberland County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Northumberland County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,677

2017 value

± $2,308

4.11%

1 Year Growth

± 9.34%

Households in Northumberland County, VA have a median annual income of $56,677, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,440 in 2016, which represents a 4.11% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Northumberland County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Northumberland County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 203

  2. Census Tract 202

  3. Census Tract 201

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Northumberland County, VA was Census Tract 203 with a value of $62,083, followed by Census Tract 202 and Census Tract 201, with respective values of $56,979 and $54,978.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Northumberland County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Northumberland County, VA (1.65k out of 12.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    885 ± 294

  2. White

    715 ± 212

  3. Two Or More

    54 ± 130

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Northumberland County, VA is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.73k

2017 Value

± 539

-4.05%

1 Year decline

± 16.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Northumberland County, VA declined at a rate of -4.05%, from 4.93k employees to 4.73k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Northumberland County, VA, are Sales & Related Occupations (531 people), Management Occupations (511 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (504 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Northumberland County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Northumberland County, VA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (531 people), Management Occupations (511 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (504 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Northumberland County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.57 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (2.55 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Northumberland County, VA, by median earnings, are Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($95,859), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($87,961), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($82,929).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.73k

2017 Value

± 539

-4.05%

1 Year decline

± 16.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Northumberland County, VA declined at a rate of -4.05%, from 4.93k employees to 4.73k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Northumberland County, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (864 people), Construction (484 people), and Retail Trade (479 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Northumberland County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Northumberland County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Northumberland County, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (864 people), Construction (484 people), and Retail Trade (479 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Northumberland County, VA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.52 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.76 times), and Public Administration (1.63 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Northumberland County, VA, by median earnings, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($82,969), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($82,969), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,776).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Northumberland County, VA has health coverage, with 36.5% on employee plans, 7.87% on Medicaid, 26.4% on Medicare, 17% on non-group plans, and 1.54% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Northumberland County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Northumberland County, VA see 1112 patients per year on average, which represents a 27.1% increase from the previous year (875 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 873 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 12222 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,112 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Northumberland County, VA see an average of 1,112 patients per year. This represents a 27.1% increase from the previous year (875 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Northumberland County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

36.5%

Employer Coverage

7.87%

Medicaid

26.4%

Medicare

17%

Non-Group

1.54%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Northumberland County, VA grew by 25.5% from 8.6% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Northumberland County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Northumberland County, VA is home to a population of 12.3k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.47% of Northumberland County, VA residents were born outside of the country (180 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Northumberland County, VA is composed of 8.57k White Alone residents (69.9%), 3.49k Black or African American Alone residents (28.5%), 95 Two or More Races residents (0.775%), 59 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.481%), 32 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.261%), 9 Asian Alone residents (0.0734%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Northumberland County, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

57

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 36.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Northumberland County, VA was 56.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 57, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Northumberland County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Northumberland County, VA residents was 56.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.47%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

180 people

2.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

303 people

As of 2017, 1.47% of Northumberland County, VA residents (180 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Northumberland County, VA was 2.47%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Northumberland County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Northumberland County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Northumberland County, VA was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Northumberland County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    8.57k ± 19

  2. Black or African American Alone

    3.49k ± 143

  3. Two or More Races

    95 ± 98.8

In 2017, there were 2.45 times more White Alone residents (8.57k people) in Northumberland County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.49k Black or African American Alone and 95 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Northumberland County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Northumberland County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Northumberland County, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Northumberland County, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    587 ± 115

  2. Korea

    171 ± 90

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    131 ± 89

Northumberland County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Northumberland County, VA was $277,900 in 2017, which is 1.28 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $256,400 to $277,900, a 8.39% increase. The homeownership rate in Northumberland County, VA is 85.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Northumberland County, VA have an average commute time of 26.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Northumberland County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,677

Median Household Income

± $2,308

5.77k

Number of Households

± 548

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.77k households in Northumberland County, VA grew to $56,677 from the previous year's value of $54,440.

The following chart displays the households in Northumberland County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$277,900

2017 Median

± $27,456

$256,400

2016 Median

± $33,116

In 2017, the median property value in Northumberland County, VA grew to to $277,900 from the previous year's value of $256,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Northumberland County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Northumberland County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Northumberland County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Northumberland County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

85.2%

2017 Homeownership

86.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 85.2% of the housing units in Northumberland County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 86.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Northumberland County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Northumberland County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Northumberland County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

26.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Northumberland County, VA have a longer commute time (26.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 5.36% of the workforce in Northumberland County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Northumberland County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.9%

  2. Carpooled

    5.86%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.82%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Northumberland County, VA was Drove Alone (85.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.86%) and those who Worked At Home (4.82%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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