Otero County, CO

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Population

18,325

0.624% decline

Poverty Rate

22.9%


Median Age

40.2


Median Household Income

$35,051

1.66% growth

Number of Employees

7,177

0.884% decline

Median Property Value

$91,800

0.542% decline

About

In 2017, Otero County, CO had a population of 18.3k people with a median age of 40.2 and a median household income of $35,051. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Otero County, CO declined from 18,440 to 18,325, a -0.624% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,477 to $35,051, a 1.66% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Otero County, CO are White (Non-Hispanic) (54.5%), White (Hispanic) (35.7%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (3.38%), Two or More Races (Hispanic) (1.42%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (0.977%). N/A% of the people in Otero County, CO speak a non-English language, and 95.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Otero County, CO are Otero Junior College (480 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Otero County, CO is $91,800, and the homeownership rate is 64.3%. Most people in Otero County, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Otero County, CO is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Colorado, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Colorado (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Colorado across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Otero County, CO employs 7.18k people. The largest industries in Otero County, CO are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,116 people), Retail Trade (802 people), and Public Administration (748 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,902), Transportation & Warehousing ($48,209), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,685).

Median household income in Otero County, CO is $35,051. Males in Otero County, CO have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,692. The income inequality in Otero County, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,051

2017 value

± $2,700

1.66%

1 Year Growth

± 12.8%

Households in Otero County, CO have a median annual income of $35,051, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,477 in 2016, which represents a 1.66% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Otero County, CO compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$68,531

Average Male Salary

± $1,541

$51,692

Average Female Salary

± $1,226

In 2017, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,772 ± $5,354

  2. White

    $54,520 ± $998

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $47,825 ± $27,111

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Otero County, CO is from Colorado.

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0949% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9682

  2. Census Tract 9685

  3. Census Tract 9680

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Otero County, CO was Census Tract 9682 with a value of $48,571, followed by Census Tract 9685 and Census Tract 9680, with respective values of $43,750 and $40,333.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Otero County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Otero County, CO (4.09k out of 17.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,399 ± 342

  2. Hispanic

    2,198 ± 307

  3. Other

    218 ± 147

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Otero County, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.18k

2017 Value

± 507

-0.884%

1 Year decline

± 10%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Otero County, CO declined at a rate of -0.884%, from 7.24k employees to 7.18k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Otero County, CO, are Management Occupations (867 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (737 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (704 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Otero County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Otero County, CO, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (867 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (737 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (704 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Otero County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.81 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.15 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (2.29 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Otero County, CO, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,286), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($54,875), and Legal Occupations ($49,143).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.18k

2017 Value

± 507

-0.884%

1 Year decline

± 10%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Otero County, CO declined at a rate of -0.884%, from 7.24k employees to 7.18k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Otero County, CO, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,116 people), Retail Trade (802 people), and Public Administration (748 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Otero County, CO, though some of these residents may live in Otero County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Otero County, CO, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,116 people), Retail Trade (802 people), and Public Administration (748 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Otero County, CO has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.02 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.23 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.57 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Otero County, CO, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,902), Transportation & Warehousing ($48,209), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,685).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35B

  2. $24.9B

  3. $18.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $35B, followed by Mixed freight ($24.9B) and Electronics ($18.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$229B

2020 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

37.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $229B. This is expected to increase 37.2% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.9B

  2. $10.6B

  3. $8.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $13.9B, followed by Nebraska with $10.6B and California and $8.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Otero County, CO has health coverage, with 35.9% on employee plans, 29% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 9.7% on non-group plans, and 1.91% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Otero County, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in Otero County, CO see 1834 patients per year on average, which represents a 29% increase from the previous year (1422 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2614 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 286 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,834 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Otero County, CO see an average of 1,834 patients per year. This represents a 29% increase from the previous year (1,422 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Otero County, CO in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

35.9%

Employer Coverage

29%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

9.7%

Non-Group

1.91%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Otero County, CO declined by 17.5% from 12.6% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Otero County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Otero County, CO is home to a population of 18.3k people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.84% of Otero County, CO residents were born outside of the country (1.07k people).

In 2017, there were 1.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (9.99k people) in Otero County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.55k White (Hispanic) and 619 Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Otero County, CO was 40.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Otero County, CO are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Otero County, CO residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.84%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.07k people

6.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.14k people

As of 2017, 5.84% of Otero County, CO residents (1.07k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Otero County, CO was 6.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Otero County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    230,780 ± 11,541 people

  2. India

    19,019 ± 3,380 people

  3. Vietnam

    17,347 ± 3,228 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 230,780 Colorado residents, followed by India with 19,019 and Vietnam with 17,347.

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Citizenship

95.7%

2017 Citizenship

95.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.7% of Otero County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Otero County, CO was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Otero County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Otero County, CO

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    9.99k ± 84

  2. White (Hispanic)

    6.55k ± 327

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    619 ± 291

In 2017, there were 1.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (9.99k people) in Otero County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.55k White (Hispanic) and 619 Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Otero County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    531 ± 103

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    261 ± 108

  3. Korea

    99 ± 49

Otero County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Otero County, CO awarded 480 degrees. The student population of Otero County, CO is skewed towards women, with 612 male students and 718 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Otero County, CO are White (281 and 60.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (130 and 27.8%), Unknown (21 and 4.5%), and Black or African American (16 and 3.43%).

The largest universities in Otero County, CO by number of degrees awarded are Otero Junior College (480 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Otero County, CO are Liberal Arts & Sciences (93 and 19.4%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (50 and 10.4%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (45 and 9.38%).

The median tuition costs in Otero County, CO are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Otero County, CO was Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant with 45 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Otero County, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

480 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Otero County, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was Otero Junior College with 480 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

210

Degrees Awarded to Men

270

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 210 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Otero County, CO, which is 0.778 times less than the 270 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Otero County, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    281 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    130 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    21 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Otero County, CO were to White students. These 281 degrees mean that there were 2.16 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 130 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Otero County, CO was $91,800 in 2017, which is 0.4 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $92,300 to $91,800, a 0.542% decrease. The homeownership rate in Otero County, CO is 64.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Otero County, CO have an average commute time of 15.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Otero County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$91,800

2017 Median

± $6,838

$92,300

2016 Median

± $4,825

In 2017, the median property value in Otero County, CO declined from to $91,800 from the previous year's value of $92,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Otero County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otero County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,051

Median Household Income

± $2,700

7.49k

Number of Households

± 514

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.49k households in Otero County, CO grew to $35,051 from the previous year's value of $34,477.

The following chart displays the households in Otero County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Otero County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otero County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.3%

2017 Homeownership

64.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.3% of the housing units in Otero County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Otero County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

15.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Otero County, CO have a shorter commute time (15.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.98% of the workforce in Otero County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Otero County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.17%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Otero County, CO was Drove Alone (79.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.4%) and those who Worked At Home (5.17%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Otero County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Otero County, CO have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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