Oxford, MS

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Population

52,744

1.06% growth

Median Age

29.3


Median Household Income

$45,019

4.3% growth

Poverty Rate

25.3%


Number of Employees

24,493

4.63% growth

Median Property Value

$177,300

8.44% growth

About

In 2017, Oxford, MS had a population of 52.7k people with a median age of 29.3 and a median household income of $45,019. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Oxford, MS grew from 52,193 to 52,744, a 1.06% increase and its median household income grew from $43,162 to $45,019, a 4.3% increase.

The population of Oxford, MS is 70% White Alone, 23.8% Black or African American Alone, and 2.49% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Oxford, MS speak a non-English language, and 97.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oxford, MS are University of Mississippi (5,716 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Oxford, MS is $177,300, and the homeownership rate is 58.4%. Most people in Oxford, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18 minutes. The average car ownership in Oxford, MS is 2 cars per household.

Oxford, MS borders Memphis, TN-MS-AR and Tupelo, MS.

Economy

The economy of Oxford, MS employs 24.5k people. The largest industries in Oxford, MS are Educational Services (5,077 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,992 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,758 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,771), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,147), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,205).

Median household income in Oxford, MS is $45,019. Males in Oxford, MS have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $36,636. The income inequality in Oxford, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.442, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,019

2017 value

± $3,118

4.3%

1 Year Growth

± 10.9%

Households in Oxford, MS have a median annual income of $45,019, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,162 in 2016, which represents a 4.3% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oxford, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

$52,323

Average Male Salary

± $1,698

$36,636

Average Female Salary

± $1,074

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mississippi made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,496 ± $1,341

  2. Asian

    $44,270 ± $11,739

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,514 ± $48,157

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mississippi workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Oxford, MS is from Mississippi.

0.442

2017 Wage GINI

0.446

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.919% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oxford, MS was Madison County, MS with a value of $75,992, followed by DeSoto County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $68,385 and $66,480.

The following map shows all of the counties in Oxford, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oxford, MS (12.1k out of 47.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,345 ± 580

  2. Black

    4,124 ± 504

  3. Hispanic

    504 ± 197

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oxford, MS is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24.5k

2017 Value

± 1,223

4.63%

1 Year growth

± 7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oxford, MS grew at a rate of 4.63%, from 23.4k employees to 24.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oxford, MS, are Management Occupations (2,719 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,569 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,495 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oxford, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oxford, MS, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (2,719 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,569 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,495 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Oxford, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.75 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.73 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oxford, MS, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($88,973), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,559), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,021).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24.5k

2017 Value

± 1,223

4.63%

1 Year growth

± 7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oxford, MS grew at a rate of 4.63%, from 23.4k employees to 24.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oxford, MS, are Educational Services (5,077 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,992 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,758 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oxford, MS, though some of these residents may live in Oxford, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oxford, MS, by number of employees, are Educational Services (5,077 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,992 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,758 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Oxford, MS has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.24 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.48 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oxford, MS, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,771), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,147), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,205).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.3B

  2. $23.9B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $46.3B, followed by Textiles/leather ($23.9B) and Mixed freight ($14.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi state.

$206B

2020 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Mississippi trade was $206B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.6B

  2. $18B

  3. $17.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $37.6B, followed by Tennessee with $18B and Louisiana and $17.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.7% of the population of Oxford, MS has health coverage, with 52% on employee plans, 11.5% on Medicaid, 8.16% on Medicare, 16.6% on non-group plans, and 1.43% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Oxford, MS was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Oxford, MS see 1883 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2186 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 764 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

1,883 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,883 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1,896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%

Uninsured

52%

Employer Coverage

11.5%

Medicaid

8.16%

Medicare

16.6%

Non-Group

1.43%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oxford, MS declined by 1.03% from 10.4% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oxford, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oxford, MS is home to a population of 52.7k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.48% of Oxford, MS residents were born outside of the country (1.83k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Oxford, MS is composed of 36.9k White Alone residents (70%), 12.6k Black or African American Alone residents (23.8%), 1.31k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.49%), 1.11k Asian Alone residents (2.1%), 536 Two or More Races residents (1.02%), 222 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.421%), 32 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0607%), and 25 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0474%).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

34

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Oxford, MS was 29.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Oxford, MS are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Oxford, MS residents was 29.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.48%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.83k people

3.04%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.59k people

As of 2017, 3.48% of Oxford, MS residents (1.83k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oxford, MS was 3.04%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oxford, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    22,332 ± 3,655 people

  2. Vietnam

    4,461 ± 1,639 people

  3. India

    4,072 ± 1,566 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 22,332 Mississippi residents, followed by Vietnam with 4,461 and India with 4,072.

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Citizenship

97.9%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.9% of Oxford, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Oxford, MS was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oxford, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    36.9k ± 302

  2. Black or African American Alone

    12.6k ± 189

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.31k ± 307

In 2017, there were 2.94 times more White Alone residents (36.9k people) in Oxford, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.6k Black or African American Alone and 1.31k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oxford, MS as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    671 ± 164

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    319 ± 125

  3. World War II

    201 ± 111

Oxford, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Oxford, MS awarded 5,716 degrees. The student population of Oxford, MS is skewed towards women, with 10,134 male students and 13,002 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oxford, MS are White (4,451 and 79.9%), followed by Black or African American (726 and 13%), Hispanic or Latino (166 and 2.98%), and Two or More Races (101 and 1.81%).

The largest universities in Oxford, MS by number of degrees awarded are University of Mississippi (5,716 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Oxford, MS are Accounting (319 and 5.58%), Registered Nursing (312 and 5.46%), and General Business Administration & Management (256 and 4.48%).

The median tuition costs in Oxford, MS are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,190 and $23,454 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 253 degrees awarded

  2. 228 degrees awarded

  3. 312 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Oxford, MS was General Studies with 253 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Oxford, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

5,716 degrees awarded

$8,190

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Oxford, MS institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Mississippi with 5,716 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,276

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,440

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,276 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oxford, MS, which is 0.662 times less than the 3,440 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Oxford, MS by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,451 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    726 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    166 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Oxford, MS were to White students. These 4,451 degrees mean that there were 6.13 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 726 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oxford, MS was $177,300 in 2017, which is 0.772 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $163,500 to $177,300, a 8.44% increase. The homeownership rate in Oxford, MS is 58.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oxford, MS have an average commute time of 18 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oxford, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$177,300

2017 Median

± $11,459

$163,500

2016 Median

± $8,222

In 2017, the median property value in Oxford, MS grew to to $177,300 from the previous year's value of $163,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oxford, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oxford, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,019

Median Household Income

± $3,118

19.8k

Number of Households

± 1,079

In 2017, the median household income of the 19.8k households in Oxford, MS grew to $45,019 from the previous year's value of $43,162.

The following chart displays the households in Oxford, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oxford, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oxford, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

58.4%

2017 Homeownership

58.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58.4% of the housing units in Oxford, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oxford, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oxford, MS have a shorter commute time (18 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.35% of the workforce in Oxford, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oxford, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Oxford, MS was Drove Alone (81.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.4%) and those who Worked At Home (3.41%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oxford, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oxford, MS have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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