Portland-South Portland, ME

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Population

532,083

0.458% growth

Median Age

43.2


Median Household Income

$68,570

8.12% growth

Poverty Rate

9.86%


Number of Employees

292,062

3.18% growth

Median Property Value

$259,200

3.14% growth

About

In 2017, Portland-South Portland, ME had a population of 532k people with a median age of 43.2 and a median household income of $68,570. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Portland-South Portland, ME grew from 529,657 to 532,083, a 0.458% increase and its median household income grew from $63,422 to $68,570, a 8.12% increase.

The population of Portland-South Portland, ME is 92.3% White Alone, 1.95% Black or African American Alone, and 1.93% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Portland-South Portland, ME speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Portland-South Portland, ME are University of Southern Maine (1,939 degrees awarded in 2016), University of New England (1,771 degrees), and Southern Maine Community College (870 degrees).

The median property value in Portland-South Portland, ME is $259,200, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Portland-South Portland, ME commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Portland-South Portland, ME is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Old Orchard Beach pier

Economy

The economy of Portland-South Portland, ME employs 292k people. The largest industries in Portland-South Portland, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (46,253 people), Retail Trade (39,877 people), and Educational Services (28,919 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,690), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($68,390), and Finance & Insurance ($62,661).

Median household income in Portland-South Portland, ME is $68,570. Males in Portland-South Portland, ME have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,283. The income inequality in Portland-South Portland, ME (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$68,570

2017 value

± $3,088

8.12%

1 Year Growth

± 6.15%

Households in Portland-South Portland, ME have a median annual income of $68,570, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,422 in 2016, which represents a 8.12% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Portland-South Portland, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Maine.

$57,762

Average Male Salary

± $2,540

$47,283

Average Female Salary

± $2,164

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.22 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $51,964 ± $22,869

  2. White

    $44,846 ± $1,481

  3. Two or More Races

    $39,242 ± $12,503

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Portland-South Portland, ME is from Maine.

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maine was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.51% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Portland-South Portland, ME was Cumberland County, ME with a value of $71,975, followed by York County, ME and Kennebec County, ME, with respective values of $66,391 and $53,073.

The following map shows all of the counties in Portland-South Portland, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.86% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Portland-South Portland, ME (50.7k out of 514k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    43,128 ± 1,562

  2. Black

    4,150 ± 431

  3. Two Or More

    1,862 ± 342

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Portland-South Portland, ME is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

292k

2017 Value

± 8,912

3.18%

1 Year growth

± 4.25%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Portland-South Portland, ME grew at a rate of 3.18%, from 283k employees to 292k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Portland-South Portland, ME, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (37,924 people), Management Occupations (35,382 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (30,916 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Portland-South Portland, ME.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Portland-South Portland, ME, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (37,924 people), Management Occupations (35,382 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (30,916 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Portland-South Portland, ME has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.21 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.21 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.17 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Portland-South Portland, ME, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($81,514), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,171), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($69,133).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

292k

2017 Value

± 8,912

3.18%

1 Year growth

± 4.25%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Portland-South Portland, ME grew at a rate of 3.18%, from 283k employees to 292k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Portland-South Portland, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (46,253 people), Retail Trade (39,877 people), and Educational Services (28,919 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Portland-South Portland, ME, though some of these residents may live in Portland-South Portland, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Portland-South Portland, ME, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (46,253 people), Retail Trade (39,877 people), and Educational Services (28,919 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Portland-South Portland, ME has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.44 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.23 times), and Information (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Portland-South Portland, ME, by median earnings, are Utilities ($82,690), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($68,390), and Finance & Insurance ($62,661).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $7.7B

  2. $3.41B

  3. $3.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $7.7B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.41B) and Gasoline ($3.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maine state.

$41.8B

2015 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

36.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maine trade was $41.8B. This is expected to increase 36.1% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.48B

  2. $3.07B

  3. $2.42B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.48B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.07B and New York and $2.42B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.7% of the population of Portland-South Portland, ME has health coverage, with 55.1% on employee plans, 9.05% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 1.92% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Portland-South Portland, ME was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Portland-South Portland, ME see 899 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1671 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 227 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

899 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maine see an average of 899 patients per year. This represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maine in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.32%

Uninsured

55.1%

Employer Coverage

9.05%

Medicaid

13.3%

Medicare

14.3%

Non-Group

1.92%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Portland-South Portland, ME grew by 8.94% from 5.8% to 6.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Portland-South Portland, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Portland-South Portland, ME is home to a population of 532k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.77% of Portland-South Portland, ME residents were born outside of the country (25.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Portland-South Portland, ME is composed of 491k White Alone residents (92.3%), 10.4k Black or African American Alone residents (1.95%), 10.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.93%), 9.78k Asian Alone residents (1.84%), 9.12k Two or More Races residents (1.71%), 1.22k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.229%), 144 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0271%), and 85 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.016%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Portland-South Portland, ME are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Portland-South Portland, ME was 43.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Portland-South Portland, ME are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Portland-South Portland, ME residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.77%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

25.4k people

4.76%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

25.2k people

As of 2017, 4.77% of Portland-South Portland, ME residents (25.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Portland-South Portland, ME was 4.76%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Portland-South Portland, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    7,530 ± 2,124 people

  2. China

    3,779 ± 1,507 people

  3. Germany

    3,641 ± 1,479 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 7,530 Maine residents, followed by China with 3,779 and Germany with 3,641.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Portland-South Portland, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Portland-South Portland, ME was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Portland-South Portland, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    491k ± 581

  2. Black or African American Alone

    10.4k ± 1.01k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.3k ± 1.31k

In 2017, there were 47.4 times more White Alone residents (491k people) in Portland-South Portland, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.4k Black or African American Alone and 10.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Portland-South Portland, ME as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Portland-South Portland, ME citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Portland-South Portland, ME was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Portland-South Portland, ME are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    13,100 ± 1,538

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,772 ± 1,484

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,496 ± 1,310

Portland-South Portland, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.93 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Portland-South Portland, ME awarded 7,351 degrees. The student population of Portland-South Portland, ME is skewed towards women, with 11,004 male students and 19,120 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Portland-South Portland, ME are White (5,750 and 78.9%), followed by Unknown (670 and 9.19%), Black or African American (275 and 3.77%), and Asian (220 and 3.02%).

The largest universities in Portland-South Portland, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Southern Maine (1,939 and 26.4%), University of New England (1,771 and 24.1%), and Southern Maine Community College (870 and 11.8%).

The most popular majors in Portland-South Portland, ME are Social Work (417 and 5.67%), Registered Nursing (414 and 5.63%), and General Business Administration & Management (357 and 4.86%).

The median tuition costs in Portland-South Portland, ME are $33,990 for private four year colleges, and $6,578 and $17,290 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 359 degrees awarded

  2. 181 degrees awarded

  3. 132 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Portland-South Portland, ME was Registered Nursing with 359 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Portland-South Portland, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,939 degrees awarded

  2. 1,771 degrees awarded

  3. 870 degrees awarded

$6,578

Median In-State Public

$33,990

Median Private

In 2016, the Portland-South Portland, ME institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Southern Maine with 1,939 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,464

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,887

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,464 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Portland-South Portland, ME, which is 0.504 times less than the 4,887 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Portland-South Portland, ME by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,750 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    670 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    275 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Portland-South Portland, ME were to White students. These 5,750 degrees mean that there were 8.58 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 670 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Portland-South Portland, ME was $259,200 in 2017, which is 1.19 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $251,300 to $259,200, a 3.14% increase. The homeownership rate in Portland-South Portland, ME is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Portland-South Portland, ME have an average commute time of 23.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Portland-South Portland, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$68,570

Median Household Income

± $3,088

216k

Number of Households

± 7,348

In 2017, the median household income of the 216k households in Portland-South Portland, ME grew to $68,570 from the previous year's value of $63,422.

The following chart displays the households in Portland-South Portland, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$259,200

2017 Median

± $4,628

$251,300

2016 Median

± $4,547

In 2017, the median property value in Portland-South Portland, ME grew to to $259,200 from the previous year's value of $251,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Portland-South Portland, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Portland-South Portland, ME the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Portland-South Portland, ME distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Portland-South Portland, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

69.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Portland-South Portland, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Portland-South Portland, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Portland-South Portland, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Portland-South Portland, ME have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Portland-South Portland, ME have a shorter commute time (23.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.85% of the workforce in Portland-South Portland, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Portland-South Portland, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.39%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Portland-South Portland, ME was Drove Alone (78.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.39%) and those who Worked At Home (6.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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