Poweshiek County, IA

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Population

18,428

1.04% decline

Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$51,456

1.44% growth

Poverty Rate

10.7%


Number of Employees

9,622

0.0936% growth

Median Property Value

$131,100

2.34% growth

About

In 2017, Poweshiek County, IA had a population of 18.4k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $51,456. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Poweshiek County, IA declined from 18,622 to 18,428, a -1.04% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,725 to $51,456, a 1.44% increase.

The population of Poweshiek County, IA is 92% White Alone, 3.08% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.03% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Poweshiek County, IA speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Poweshiek County, IA are Grinnell College (509 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Poweshiek County, IA is $131,100, and the homeownership rate is 69.8%. Most people in Poweshiek County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Poweshiek County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Poweshiek County, IA employs 9.62k people. The largest industries in Poweshiek County, IA are Manufacturing (1,817 people), Educational Services (1,559 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,001 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,188), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,690), and Transportation & Warehousing ($46,822).

Median household income in Poweshiek County, IA is $51,456. Males in Poweshiek County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Poweshiek County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,456

2017 value

± $2,383

1.44%

1 Year Growth

± 5.89%

Households in Poweshiek County, IA have a median annual income of $51,456, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,725 in 2016, which represents a 1.44% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Poweshiek County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Poweshiek County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3702

  2. Census Tract 3703

  3. Census Tract 3701

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Poweshiek County, IA was Census Tract 3702 with a value of $67,353, followed by Census Tract 3703 and Census Tract 3701, with respective values of $64,021 and $54,655.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Poweshiek County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Poweshiek County, IA (1.78k out of 16.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,527 ± 214

  2. Black

    170 ± 111

  3. Hispanic

    116 ± 94

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Poweshiek County, IA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.62k

2017 Value

± 505

0.0936%

1 Year growth

± 7.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Poweshiek County, IA grew at a rate of 0.0936%, from 9.61k employees to 9.62k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Poweshiek County, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,237 people), Management Occupations (1,005 people), and Production Occupations (999 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Poweshiek County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Poweshiek County, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,237 people), Management Occupations (1,005 people), and Production Occupations (999 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Poweshiek County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.79 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.42 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Poweshiek County, IA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,806), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($65,833), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,036).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.62k

2017 Value

± 505

0.0936%

1 Year growth

± 7.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Poweshiek County, IA grew at a rate of 0.0936%, from 9.61k employees to 9.62k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Poweshiek County, IA, are Manufacturing (1,817 people), Educational Services (1,559 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,001 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Poweshiek County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Poweshiek County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Poweshiek County, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,817 people), Educational Services (1,559 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,001 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Poweshiek County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.1 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.87 times), and Educational Services (1.75 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Poweshiek County, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,188), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,690), and Transportation & Warehousing ($46,822).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $20.9B

  3. $18.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($20.9B) and Other ag prods. ($18.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$265B

2020 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

36.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 36.7% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.9B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $12.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $28.9B, followed by Minnesota with $17.7B and Nebraska and $12.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.6% of the population of Poweshiek County, IA has health coverage, with 52.9% on employee plans, 11.9% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 0.496% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Poweshiek County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Poweshiek County, IA see 1031 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.1% decrease from the previous year (1098 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1853 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1090 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,031 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Poweshiek County, IA see an average of 1,031 patients per year. This represents a 6.1% decrease from the previous year (1,098 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Poweshiek County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.38%

Uninsured

52.9%

Employer Coverage

11.9%

Medicaid

15.2%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

0.496%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Poweshiek County, IA declined by 10.6% from 7.14% to 6.38%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Poweshiek County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Poweshiek County, IA is home to a population of 18.4k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.25% of Poweshiek County, IA residents were born outside of the country (599 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Poweshiek County, IA is composed of 17k White Alone residents (92%), 568 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.08%), 374 Asian Alone residents (2.03%), 355 Black or African American Alone residents (1.93%), 168 Two or More Races residents (0.912%), 8 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0434%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

23

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Poweshiek County, IA was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 23. But people in Poweshiek County, IA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Poweshiek County, IA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.25%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

599 people

3.48%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

648 people

As of 2017, 3.25% of Poweshiek County, IA residents (599 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Poweshiek County, IA was 3.48%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Poweshiek County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

97.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Poweshiek County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Poweshiek County, IA was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Poweshiek County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    17k ± 15

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    568 ± 120

  3. Asian Alone

    374 ± 47

In 2017, there were 29.9 times more White Alone residents (17k people) in Poweshiek County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 568 Hispanic or Latino and 374 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Poweshiek County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    385 ± 77

  2. Korea

    126 ± 44

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    83 ± 49

Poweshiek County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Poweshiek County, IA awarded 509 degrees. The student population of Poweshiek County, IA is skewed towards women, with 802 male students and 910 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Poweshiek County, IA are White (275 and 64.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (52 and 12.1%), Asian (41 and 9.56%), and Black or African American (30 and 6.99%).

The largest universities in Poweshiek County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Grinnell College (509 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Poweshiek County, IA are General Economics (49 and 9.63%), General Political Science & Government (47 and 9.23%), and Computer Science (40 and 7.86%).

The median tuition costs in Poweshiek County, IA are $50,014 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 49 degrees awarded

  2. 47 degrees awarded

  3. 40 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Poweshiek County, IA was General Economics with 49 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Poweshiek County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

509 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$50,014

Median Private

In 2017, the Poweshiek County, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grinnell College with 509 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

211

Degrees Awarded to Men

298

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 211 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Poweshiek County, IA, which is 0.708 times less than the 298 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Poweshiek County, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    275 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    52 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    41 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Poweshiek County, IA were to White students. These 275 degrees mean that there were 5.29 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 52 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Poweshiek County, IA was $131,100 in 2017, which is 0.571 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $128,100 to $131,100, a 2.34% increase. The homeownership rate in Poweshiek County, IA is 69.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Poweshiek County, IA have an average commute time of 16.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Poweshiek County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$131,100

2017 Median

± $9,550

$128,100

2016 Median

± $9,452

In 2017, the median property value in Poweshiek County, IA grew to to $131,100 from the previous year's value of $128,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Poweshiek County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Poweshiek County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,456

Median Household Income

± $2,383

7.57k

Number of Households

± 439

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.57k households in Poweshiek County, IA grew to $51,456 from the previous year's value of $50,725.

The following chart displays the households in Poweshiek County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Poweshiek County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Poweshiek County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.8%

2017 Homeownership

70.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.8% of the housing units in Poweshiek County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Poweshiek County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Poweshiek County, IA have a shorter commute time (16.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.28% of the workforce in Poweshiek County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Poweshiek County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.3%

  2. Walked

    13.6%

  3. Carpooled

    7.47%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Poweshiek County, IA was Drove Alone (72.3%), followed by those who Walked (13.6%) and those who Carpooled (7.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Poweshiek County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Poweshiek County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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