Reading City PUMA, PA

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Population

142,652

0.453% growth

Median Age

33.9


Median Household Income

$41,625

4.38% growth

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

59,583

1.92% growth

Median Property Value

$120,200

0.924% growth

About

In 2017, Reading City PUMA, PA had a population of 143k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $41,625. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Reading City PUMA, PA grew from 142,008 to 142,652, a 0.453% increase and its median household income grew from $39,877 to $41,625, a 4.38% increase.

The population of Reading City PUMA, PA is 46.6% White Alone, 43.7% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.49% Black or African American Alone. 37.5% of the people in Reading City PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 91.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Reading City PUMA, PA are Alvernia University (720 degrees awarded in 2016), Albright College (458 degrees), and Reading Area Community College (376 degrees).

The median property value in Reading City PUMA, PA is $120,200, and the homeownership rate is 55.1%. Most people in Reading City PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Reading City PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Pagoda, Reading, PA

Economy

The economy of Reading City PUMA, PA employs 59.6k people. The largest industries in Reading City PUMA, PA are Restaurants & Food Services (3,599 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,341 people), and Hospitals (2,858 people), and the highest paying industries are Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers ($128,213), Nondepository credit & related activities ($120,091), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($109,874).

Median household income in Reading City PUMA, PA is $41,625. Males in Reading City PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,589. The income inequality in Reading City PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,625

2017 value

± $1,134

4.38%

1 Year Growth

± 3.91%

Households in Reading City PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $41,625, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,877 in 2016, which represents a 4.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Reading City PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$52,222

Average Male Salary

± $8,410

$39,589

Average Female Salary

± $5,606

In 2017, full-time male employees in Reading City PUMA, PA made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Reading City PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,790 ± $79,188

  2. White

    $43,166 ± $5,765

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $34,520 ± $31,680

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Reading City PUMA, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.32 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Reading City PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.464

2017 Wage GINI

0.459

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Reading City PUMA, PA was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Reading City PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Reading City PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Reading City PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Reading City PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Reading City PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Reading City PUMA, PA (36k out of 139k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    25,134 ± 994

  2. White

    18,994 ± 929

  3. Black

    3,834 ± 448

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Reading City PUMA, PA is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

59.6k

2017 Value

1.92%

1 Year growth

± 1.92%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Reading City PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.92%, from 58.5k employees to 59.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Reading City PUMA, PA, are Miscellaneous production workers, including semiconductor processors (1,809 people), Cashiers (1,749 people), and Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,650 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Reading City PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Reading City PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous production workers, including semiconductor processors (1,809 people), Cashiers (1,749 people), and Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,650 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Reading City PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Packaging & filling machine operators & tenders (6.72 times higher than expected), Food batchmakers (5.89 times), and Miscellaneous metal workers & plastic workers, including multiple machine tool setters (4.97 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Reading City PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($407,700), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($235,176), and Chief executives & legislators ($212,128).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

59.6k

2017 Value

1.92%

1 Year growth

± 1.92%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Reading City PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.92%, from 58.5k employees to 59.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Reading City PUMA, PA, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,599 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,341 people), and Hospitals (2,858 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Reading City PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Reading City PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Reading City PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,599 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,341 people), and Hospitals (2,858 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Reading City PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Sugar & confectionery products (13.9 times higher than expected), Nonferrous metal (except aluminum) production & processing (13.2 times), and Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. (11.6 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Reading City PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers ($128,213), Nondepository credit & related activities ($120,091), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($109,874).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.4% of the population of Reading City PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 38.6% on employee plans, 30.7% on Medicaid, 8.61% on Medicare, 8.84% on non-group plans, and 0.647% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Reading City PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Reading City PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.6%

Uninsured

38.6%

Employer Coverage

30.7%

Medicaid

8.61%

Medicare

8.84%

Non-Group

0.647%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Reading City PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 12.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Reading City PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Reading City PUMA, PA is home to a population of 143k people, from which 91.8% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Reading City PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Reading City PUMA, PA is composed of 66.4k White Alone residents (46.6%), 62.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (43.7%), 9.27k Black or African American Alone residents (6.49%), 2.72k Two or More Races residents (1.91%), 1.48k Asian Alone residents (1.04%), 384 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.269%), 32 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0224%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Reading City PUMA, PA are Spanish (45,488 speakers), Haitian (676 speakers), and Other Indo-European Languages (475 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Reading City PUMA, PA was 33.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Reading City PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Reading City PUMA, PA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

13.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.1k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Reading City PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Reading City PUMA, PA was 13.4%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Reading City PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    8,066 ± 2,142 people

  2. Mexico

    4,085 ± 1,547 people

  3. Haiti

    754 ± 672 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Reading City PUMA, PA was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 8,066 Reading City PUMA, PA residents, followed by Mexico with 4,085 and Haiti with 754.

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Citizenship

91.8%

2017 Citizenship

91.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.8% of Reading City PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Reading City PUMA, PA was 91.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Reading City PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    66.4k ± 1.07k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    62.3k ± 3.06k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    9.27k ± 694

In 2017, there were 1.07 times more White Alone residents (66.4k people) in Reading City PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 62.3k Hispanic or Latino and 9.27k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Reading City PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    45,488 speakers (34.5%)

  2. Haitian

    676 speakers (0.512%)

  3. Other Indo-European Languages

    475 speakers (0.36%)

37.5% of Reading City PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Reading City PUMA, PA was Spanish. 34.5% of the overall population of Reading City PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.512% speak Haitian and 0.36% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,732 ± 257

  2. Korea

    689 ± 130

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    661 ± 181

Reading City PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Reading City PUMA, PA awarded 1,693 degrees. The student population of Reading City PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 3,321 male students and 6,308 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Reading City PUMA, PA are White (1,137 and 67.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (193 and 11.5%), Black or African American (163 and 9.69%), and Unknown (127 and 7.55%).

The largest universities in Reading City PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Alvernia University (720 and 42.5%), Albright College (458 and 27.1%), and Reading Area Community College (376 and 22.2%).

The most popular majors in Reading City PUMA, PA are Registered Nursing (219 and 12.9%), General Business Administration & Management (111 and 6.56%), and Accounting (87 and 5.14%).

The median tuition costs in Reading City PUMA, PA are $36,147 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 68 degrees awarded

  2. 82 degrees awarded

  3. 80 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Reading City PUMA, PA was General Business Administration & Management with 68 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Reading City PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 720 degrees awarded

  2. 458 degrees awarded

  3. 376 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$36,147

Median Private

In 2016, the Reading City PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Alvernia University with 720 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

533

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,160

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 533 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Reading City PUMA, PA, which is 0.459 times less than the 1,160 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Reading City PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,137 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    193 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    163 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Reading City PUMA, PA were to White students. These 1,137 degrees mean that there were 5.89 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 193 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Reading City PUMA, PA was $120,200 in 2017, which is 0.552 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $119,100 to $120,200, a 0.924% increase. The homeownership rate in Reading City PUMA, PA is 55.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Reading City PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 23.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Reading City PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,625

Median Household Income

± $1,134

50.7k

Number of Households

± 1,414

In 2017, the median household income of the 50.7k households in Reading City PUMA, PA grew to $41,625 from the previous year's value of $39,877.

The following chart displays the households in Reading City PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,200

2017 Median

± $3,221

$119,100

2016 Median

± $3,101

In 2017, the median property value in Reading City PUMA, PA grew to to $120,200 from the previous year's value of $119,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Reading City PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Reading City PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Reading City PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Reading City PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

55.1%

2017 Homeownership

55.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.1% of the housing units in Reading City PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 55.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Reading City PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Reading City PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Reading City PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Reading City PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (23.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.62% of the workforce in Reading City PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Reading City PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.1%

  2. Carpooled

    14.7%

  3. Walked

    4.92%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Reading City PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (70.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.7%) and those who Walked (4.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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