Salem, OR

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Population

432,102

1.68% growth

Median Age

36.9


Median Household Income

$57,091

1.65% growth

Poverty Rate

15.8%


Number of Employees

197,455

4.68% growth

Median Property Value

$273,400

13.1% growth

About

In 2018, Salem, OR had a population of 432k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $57,091. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Salem, OR grew from 424,982 to 432,102, a 1.68% increase and its median household income grew from $56,163 to $57,091, a 1.65% increase.

The population of Salem, OR is 67.2% White Alone, 24.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.28% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Salem, OR speak a non-English language, and 92.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem, OR are Chemeketa Community College (1,871 degrees awarded in 2017), Western Oregon University (1,520 degrees), and Willamette University (732 degrees).

The median property value in Salem, OR is $273,400, and the homeownership rate is 59.7%. Most people in Salem, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem, OR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Oregon State Capitol, Salem, OR

Economy

The economy of Salem, OR employs 197k people. The largest industries in Salem, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,258 people), Manufacturing (21,984 people), and Retail Trade (21,568 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,657), Public Administration ($59,701), and Finance & Insurance ($56,886).

Median household income in Salem, OR is $57,091. Males in Salem, OR have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,914. The income inequality in Salem, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,091

2018 value

± $2,460

1.65%

1 Year Growth

± 5.43%

Households in Salem, OR have a median annual income of $57,091, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,163 in 2017, which represents a 1.65% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Salem, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

$66,934

Average Male Salary

± $1,731

$52,914

Average Female Salary

± $1,491

In 2018, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,519 ± $5,197

  2. White

    $52,994 ± $1,122

  3. Two or More Races

    $41,469 ± $3,714

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem, OR is from Oregon.

0.466

2018 Wage GINI

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.54% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem, OR was Washington County, OR with a value of $83,068, followed by Clackamas County, OR and Multnomah County, OR, with respective values of $81,278 and $71,186.

The following map shows all of the counties in Salem, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem, OR (63k out of 399k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    48,588 ± 1,691

  2. Hispanic

    23,080 ± 1,266

  3. Two Or More

    5,442 ± 633

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

197k

2018 Value

± 7,981

4.68%

1 Year growth

± 5.55%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Salem, OR grew at a rate of 4.68%, from 189k employees to 197k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,048 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,580 people), and Management Occupations (15,165 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,048 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,580 people), and Management Occupations (15,165 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Salem, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.82 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.66 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.64 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem, OR, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($81,853), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,458), and Legal Occupations ($66,642).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

197k

2018 Value

± 7,981

4.68%

1 Year growth

± 5.55%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Salem, OR grew at a rate of 4.68%, from 189k employees to 197k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,258 people), Manufacturing (21,984 people), and Retail Trade (21,568 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem, OR, though some of these residents may live in Salem, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,258 people), Manufacturing (21,984 people), and Retail Trade (21,568 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Salem, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.64 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.69 times), and Construction (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem, OR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,657), Public Administration ($59,701), and Finance & Insurance ($56,886).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $20.9B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $13.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $20.9B, followed by Electronics ($15.1B) and Motorized vehicles ($13.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$146B

2020 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

37.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Oregon trade was $146B. This is expected to increase 37.6% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.1B

  2. $19.5B

  3. $3.12B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $28.1B, followed by California with $19.5B and Minnesota and $3.12B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.5% of the population of Salem, OR has health coverage, with 42.4% on employee plans, 23.5% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Salem, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Salem, OR see 1070 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1068 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1272 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 226 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

1,070 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oregon see an average of 1,070 patients per year. This represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1,068 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oregon in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.55%

Uninsured

42.4%

Employer Coverage

23.5%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.2%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem, OR grew by 26.4% from 6.77% to 8.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem, OR is home to a population of 432k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.5% of Salem, OR residents were born outside of the country (48.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Salem, OR is composed of 291k White Alone residents (67.2%), 106k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.5%), 14.2k Two or More Races residents (3.28%), 8.8k Asian Alone residents (2.04%), 4.46k Black or African American Alone residents (1.03%), 4.35k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.01%), 3.77k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.872%), and 68 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0157%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Salem, OR was 36.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Salem, OR are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Salem, OR residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

48.8k people

11.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

48.8k people

As of 2017, 11.5% of Salem, OR residents (48.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem, OR was 11.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    152,733 ± 9,418 people

  2. Vietnam

    23,723 ± 3,771 people

  3. China

    21,482 ± 3,589 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 152,733 Oregon residents, followed by Vietnam with 23,723 and China with 21,482.

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Citizenship

92.6%

2018 Citizenship

91.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 92.6% of Salem, OR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Salem, OR was 91.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    291k ± 855

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    106k ± 9.51k

  3. Two or More Races

    14.2k ± 2.27k

In 2018, there were 2.74 times more White Alone residents (291k people) in Salem, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 106k Hispanic or Latino and 14.2k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Salem, OR as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,519 ± 1,101

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,960 ± 1,244

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,168 ± 635

Salem, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Salem, OR awarded 4,688 degrees. The student population of Salem, OR is skewed towards women, with 8,335 male students and 11,633 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem, OR are White (2,798 and 62.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (646 and 14.3%), Unknown (618 and 13.7%), and Asian (140 and 3.11%).

The largest universities in Salem, OR by number of degrees awarded are Chemeketa Community College (1,871 and 39.9%), Western Oregon University (1,520 and 32.4%), and Willamette University (732 and 15.6%).

The most popular majors in Salem, OR are Liberal Arts & Sciences (658 and 14%), General Studies (357 and 7.62%), and General Psychology (216 and 4.61%).

The median tuition costs in Salem, OR are $30,980 for private four year colleges, and $7,440 and $23,895 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 216 degrees awarded

  2. 154 degrees awarded

  3. 150 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem, OR was General Psychology with 216 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,871 degrees awarded

  2. 1,520 degrees awarded

  3. 732 degrees awarded

$7,440

Median In-State Public

$30,980

Median Private

In 2017, the Salem, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Chemeketa Community College with 1,871 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,790

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,898

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,790 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem, OR, which is 0.618 times less than the 2,898 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Salem, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,798 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    646 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    618 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem, OR were to White students. These 2,798 degrees mean that there were 4.33 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 646 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem, OR was $273,400 in 2018, which is 1.19 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $241,700 to $273,400, a 13.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem, OR is 59.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem, OR have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$273,400

2018 Median

± $6,074

$241,700

2017 Median

± $5,376

In 2018, the median property value in Salem, OR grew to to $273,400 from the previous year's value of $241,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,091

Median Household Income

± $2,460

151k

Number of Households

± 6,550

In 2018, the median household income of the 151k households in Salem, OR grew to $57,091 from the previous year's value of $56,163.

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

59.7%

2018 Homeownership

61.5%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 59.7% of the housing units in Salem, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem, OR have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.52% of the workforce in Salem, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.62%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem, OR was Drove Alone (76.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Worked At Home (5.62%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem, OR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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