South Central Iowa PUMA, IA

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Population

103,885

0.674% decline

Median Age

43.5


Median Household Income

$47,332

2.96% growth

Poverty Rate

13.1%


Number of Employees

44,562

0.722% decline

Median Property Value

$87,300

2.11% growth

About

In 2017, South Central Iowa PUMA, IA had a population of 104k people with a median age of 43.5 and a median household income of $47,332. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA declined from 104,590 to 103,885, a -0.674% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,971 to $47,332, a 2.96% increase.

The population of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is 94.4% White Alone, 3.14% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.09% Two or More Races. 4.82% of the people in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are Graceland University-Lamoni (695 degrees awarded in 2016) and Southwestern Community College (471 degrees).

The median property value in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is $87,300, and the homeownership rate is 75%. Most people in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA employs 44.6k people. The largest industries in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are Elementary & secondary schools (3,437 people), Construction (2,514 people), and Grocery Stores (2,264 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of physicians ($88,428), Rail transportation ($86,597), and Computer Systems Design ($75,347).

Median household income in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is $47,332. Males in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,171. The income inequality in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.402, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,332

2017 value

± $1,013

2.96%

1 Year Growth

± 2.89%

Households in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA have a median annual income of $47,332, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,971 in 2016, which represents a 2.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$47,943

Average Male Salary

± $6,866

$38,171

Average Female Salary

± $6,073

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $37,974 ± $4,263

  2. Asian

    $32,679 ± $31,547

  3. Other

    $27,742 ± $23,709

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA workers was White. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.402

2017 Wage GINI

0.406

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was 0.402 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.11% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was West Des Moines & Urbandale Cities PUMA, IA with a value of $86,712, followed by Ankeny & Altoona Cities PUMA, IA and Cedar Rapids City PUMA, IA, with respective values of $78,535 and $63,149.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA (13.2k out of 101k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,696 ± 561

  2. Hispanic

    750 ± 186

  3. Black

    123 ± 113

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

44.6k

2017 Value

-0.722%

1 Year decline

± -0.722%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA declined at a rate of -0.722%, from 44.9k employees to 44.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,914 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,480 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,297 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,914 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,480 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,297 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, South Central Iowa PUMA, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Maintenance workers, machinery (9.26 times higher than expected), Farmers, ranchers, & other agricultural managers (9.12 times), and Model makers, patternmakers, & molding machine setters, metal & plastic (6.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($242,774), Management analysts ($128,749), and Computer systems analysts ($115,019).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

44.6k

2017 Value

-0.722%

1 Year decline

± -0.722%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA declined at a rate of -0.722%, from 44.9k employees to 44.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,437 people), Construction (2,514 people), and Grocery Stores (2,264 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, though some of these residents may live in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,437 people), Construction (2,514 people), and Grocery Stores (2,264 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, South Central Iowa PUMA, IA has an unusually high number of Commercial & service industry machinery manufacturing (24.6 times higher than expected), Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers (14.5 times), and Animal production & aquaculture (12.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, by average salary, are Offices of physicians ($88,428), Rail transportation ($86,597), and Computer Systems Design ($75,347).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91% of the population of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA has health coverage, with 42.9% on employee plans, 15.5% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 16.6% on non-group plans, and 1.63% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA see 1363 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 756 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

1,363 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,363 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.02%

Uninsured

42.9%

Employer Coverage

15.5%

Medicaid

14.4%

Medicare

16.6%

Non-Group

1.63%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 9.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is home to a population of 104k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is composed of 98.1k White Alone residents (94.4%), 3.26k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.14%), 1.13k Two or More Races residents (1.09%), 557 Asian Alone residents (0.536%), 550 Black or African American Alone residents (0.529%), 156 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.15%), 117 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.113%), and 22 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0212%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are Spanish (2,178 speakers), German (1,001 speakers), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (582 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was 43.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all South Central Iowa PUMA, IA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

1.79%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.87k people

As of 2017, N/A% of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was 1.79%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    522 ± 560 people

  2. Korea

    132 ± 282 people

  3. Ukraine

    123 ± 272 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was Mexico, the natal country of 522 South Central Iowa PUMA, IA residents, followed by Korea with 132 and Ukraine with 123.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    98.1k ± 153

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.26k ± 360

  3. Two or More Races

    1.13k ± 210

In 2017, there were 30.1 times more White Alone residents (98.1k people) in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.26k Hispanic or Latino and 1.13k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,178 speakers (2.22%)

  2. German

    1,001 speakers (1.02%)

  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    582 speakers (0.594%)

4.82% of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was Spanish. 2.22% of the overall population of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are native Spanish speakers. 1.02% speak German and 0.594% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,846 ± 180

  2. Korea

    963 ± 103

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    800 ± 145

South Central Iowa PUMA, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA awarded 1,166 degrees. The student population of South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is skewed towards women, with 1,437 male students and 2,442 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are White (926 and 81.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (74 and 6.5%), Black or African American (56 and 4.92%), and Unknown (39 and 3.42%).

The largest universities in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA by number of degrees awarded are Graceland University-Lamoni (695 and 59.6%) and Southwestern Community College (471 and 40.4%).

The most popular majors in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are Family Practice Nurse (176 and 15.1%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (158 and 13.6%), and Registered Nursing (122 and 10.5%).

The median tuition costs in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA are $26,440 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 45 degrees awarded

  2. 102 degrees awarded

  3. 69 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was General Business Administration & Management with 45 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 695 degrees awarded

  2. 471 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$26,440

Median Private

In 2016, the South Central Iowa PUMA, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Graceland University-Lamoni with 695 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

439

Degrees Awarded to Men

727

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 439 men were awarded degrees from institutions in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA, which is 0.604 times less than the 727 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    926 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    74 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    56 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA were to White students. These 926 degrees mean that there were 12.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 74 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was $87,300 in 2017, which is 0.401 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $85,500 to $87,300, a 2.11% increase. The homeownership rate in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is 75%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,332

Median Household Income

± $1,013

44.1k

Number of Households

± 935

In 2017, the median household income of the 44.1k households in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA grew to $47,332 from the previous year's value of $45,971.

The following chart displays the households in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$87,300

2017 Median

± $1,386

$85,500

2016 Median

± $1,327

In 2017, the median property value in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA grew to to $87,300 from the previous year's value of $85,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In South Central Iowa PUMA, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In South Central Iowa PUMA, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75%

2017 Homeownership

74.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75% of the housing units in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.82% of the workforce in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.2%

  2. Carpooled

    10.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in South Central Iowa PUMA, IA was Drove Alone (79.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.7%) and those who Worked At Home (5.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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