Springfield, MA

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Population

631,761

0.0173% growth

Median Age

38.8


Median Household Income

$57,857

4.47% growth

Poverty Rate

16.4%


Number of Employees

296,710

0.252% decline

Median Property Value

$237,600

3.71% growth

About

In 2018, Springfield, MA had a population of 632k people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $57,857. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Springfield, MA grew from 631,652 to 631,761, a 0.0173% increase and its median household income grew from $55,379 to $57,857, a 4.47% increase.

The population of Springfield, MA is 67.2% White Alone, 20.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.4% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Springfield, MA speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Springfield, MA are University of Massachusetts-Amherst (8,788 degrees awarded in 2017), Westfield State University (1,594 degrees), and American International College (1,131 degrees).

The median property value in Springfield, MA is $237,600, and the homeownership rate is 61.5%. Most people in Springfield, MA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Springfield, MA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Springfield, MA employs 297k people. The largest industries in Springfield, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (55,599 people), Educational Services (45,747 people), and Retail Trade (30,134 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($102,570), Utilities ($70,222), and Finance & Insurance ($66,844).

Median household income in Springfield, MA is $57,857. Males in Springfield, MA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,042. The income inequality in Springfield, MA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,857

2018 value

± $3,185

4.47%

1 Year Growth

± 6.06%

Households in Springfield, MA have a median annual income of $57,857, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,379 in 2017, which represents a 4.47% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Springfield, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

$89,637

Average Male Salary

± $1,937

$66,042

Average Female Salary

± $1,326

In 2018, full-time male employees in Massachusetts made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Massachusetts by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $78,414 ± $4,378

  2. White

    $68,799 ± $1,194

  3. Two or More Races

    $52,931 ± $4,910

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Massachusetts workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Massachusetts by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Springfield, MA is from Massachusetts.

0.483

2018 Wage GINI

0.484

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.101% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Springfield, MA was Middlesex County, MA with a value of $100,517, followed by Norfolk County, MA and Plymouth County, MA, with respective values of $100,356 and $90,484.

The following map shows all of the counties in Springfield, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Springfield, MA (97.4k out of 593k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    68,103 ± 1,961

  2. Hispanic

    45,402 ± 1,430

  3. Other

    11,725 ± 889

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Springfield, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

297k

2018 Value

± 9,102

-0.252%

1 Year decline

± 4.39%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Springfield, MA declined at a rate of -0.252%, from 297k employees to 297k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Springfield, MA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (31,446 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (27,648 people), and Management Occupations (26,225 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Springfield, MA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Springfield, MA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (31,446 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (27,648 people), and Management Occupations (26,225 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Springfield, MA has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.92 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.63 times), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Springfield, MA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,486), Management Occupations ($72,639), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,184).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

297k

2018 Value

± 9,102

-0.252%

1 Year decline

± 4.39%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Springfield, MA declined at a rate of -0.252%, from 297k employees to 297k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Springfield, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (55,599 people), Educational Services (45,747 people), and Retail Trade (30,134 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Springfield, MA, though some of these residents may live in Springfield, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Springfield, MA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (55,599 people), Educational Services (45,747 people), and Retail Trade (30,134 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Springfield, MA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.68 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.35 times), and Utilities (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Springfield, MA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($102,570), Utilities ($70,222), and Finance & Insurance ($66,844).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $30.9B

  2. $29.2B

  3. $27.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $30.9B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.2B) and Electronics ($27.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts state.

$260B

2020 Value

$364B

Projected 2045 Value

40% growth

In 2020, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $260B. This is expected to increase 40% to $364B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $14.6B

  2. $13.9B

  3. $13.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $14.6B, followed by Connecticut with $13.9B and New Hampshire and $13.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

97.4% of the population of Springfield, MA has health coverage, with 47% on employee plans, 27.1% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.07% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Springfield, MA was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Springfield, MA see 954 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1010 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.4%). Additionally, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

954 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 954 patients per year. This represents a 0.421% increase from the previous year (950 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

$10,559

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,302

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,922

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,899

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Massachusetts (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.78%, from $10,273 to $10,559.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

2.59%

Uninsured

47%

Employer Coverage

27.1%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

1.07%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Springfield, MA declined by 5.15% from 2.73% to 2.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Springfield, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.4% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 10.8% prevalence

Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts, at 11.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Springfield, MA is home to a population of 632k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.59% of Springfield, MA residents were born outside of the country (54.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Springfield, MA is composed of 425k White Alone residents (67.2%), 132k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.9%), 40.4k Black or African American Alone residents (6.4%), 20.7k Asian Alone residents (3.28%), 10.6k Two or More Races residents (1.67%), 1.63k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.258%), 1.43k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.226%), and 57 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00902%).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Springfield, MA was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Springfield, MA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Springfield, MA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.59%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

54.3k people

8.67%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

54.6k people

As of 2017, 8.59% of Springfield, MA residents (54.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Springfield, MA was 8.67%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Springfield, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    100,431 ± 7,724 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    97,136 ± 7,598 people

  3. Brazil

    81,900 ± 6,984 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 100,431 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 97,136 and Brazil with 81,900.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2018 Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.3% of Springfield, MA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Springfield, MA was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Springfield, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    425k ± 225

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    132k ± 7.17k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    40.4k ± 1.9k

In 2018, there were 3.21 times more White Alone residents (425k people) in Springfield, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 132k Hispanic or Latino and 40.4k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Springfield, MA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    12,088 ± 1,490

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,923 ± 1,234

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,981 ± 969

Springfield, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Springfield, MA awarded 20,957 degrees. The student population of Springfield, MA is skewed towards women, with 29,171 male students and 43,302 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Springfield, MA are White (13,092 and 66.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,770 and 8.94%), Unknown (1,600 and 8.08%), and Black or African American (1,550 and 7.83%).

The largest universities in Springfield, MA by number of degrees awarded are University of Massachusetts-Amherst (8,788 and 41.9%), Westfield State University (1,594 and 7.61%), and American International College (1,131 and 5.4%).

The most popular majors in Springfield, MA are General Business Administration & Management (903 and 4.31%), General Psychology (821 and 3.92%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (819 and 3.91%).

The median tuition costs in Springfield, MA are $35,245 for private four year colleges, and $8,000 and $20,073 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 751 degrees awarded

  2. 514 degrees awarded

  3. 484 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Springfield, MA was General Psychology with 751 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Springfield, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,788 degrees awarded

  2. 1,594 degrees awarded

  3. 1,131 degrees awarded

$8,000

Median In-State Public

$35,245

Median Private

In 2017, the Springfield, MA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Massachusetts-Amherst with 8,788 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,850

Degrees Awarded to Men

13,107

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 7,850 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Springfield, MA, which is 0.599 times less than the 13,107 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Springfield, MA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    13,092 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,770 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,600 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Springfield, MA were to White students. These 13,092 degrees mean that there were 7.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,770 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Springfield, MA was $237,600 in 2018, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $229,100 to $237,600, a 3.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Springfield, MA is 61.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Springfield, MA have an average commute time of 21.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Springfield, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$237,600

2018 Median

± $5,222

$229,100

2017 Median

± $4,623

In 2018, the median property value in Springfield, MA grew to to $237,600 from the previous year's value of $229,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Springfield, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Springfield, MA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,857

Median Household Income

± $3,185

238k

Number of Households

± 7,333

In 2018, the median household income of the 238k households in Springfield, MA grew to $57,857 from the previous year's value of $55,379.

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Springfield, MA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Springfield, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.5%

2018 Homeownership

60.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 61.5% of the housing units in Springfield, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Springfield, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Springfield, MA have a shorter commute time (21.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.52% of the workforce in Springfield, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Springfield, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.26%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.05%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Springfield, MA was Drove Alone (78.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.26%) and those who Worked At Home (5.05%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Springfield, MA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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