Sumter City PUMA, SC

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Population

191,688

0.547% decline

Median Age

38.7


Median Household Income

$37,657

2.02% growth

Poverty Rate

23.1%


Number of Employees

70,092

0.659% growth

Median Property Value

$93,900

3.19% growth

About

In 2017, Sumter City PUMA, SC had a population of 192k people with a median age of 38.7 and a median household income of $37,657. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sumter City PUMA, SC declined from 192,743 to 191,688, a -0.547% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,913 to $37,657, a 2.02% increase.

The population of Sumter City PUMA, SC is 51.6% Black or African American Alone, 42.3% White Alone, and 3.28% Hispanic or Latino. 4.49% of the people in Sumter City PUMA, SC speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sumter City PUMA, SC are Central Carolina Technical College (661 degrees awarded in 2016), Williamsburg Technical College (202 degrees), and University of South Carolina-Sumter (120 degrees).

The median property value in Sumter City PUMA, SC is $93,900, and the homeownership rate is 69%. Most people in Sumter City PUMA, SC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Sumter City PUMA, SC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunset on Hilton Head Island

Economy

The economy of Sumter City PUMA, SC employs 70.1k people. The largest industries in Sumter City PUMA, SC are Elementary & secondary schools (4,875 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,652 people), and Hospitals (3,550 people), and the highest paying industries are Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($99,271), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($97,795), and Wired telecommunications carriers ($83,944).

Median household income in Sumter City PUMA, SC is $37,657. Males in Sumter City PUMA, SC have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $32,801. The income inequality in Sumter City PUMA, SC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.407, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,657

2017 value

± $1,132

2.02%

1 Year Growth

± 3.81%

Households in Sumter City PUMA, SC have a median annual income of $37,657, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,913 in 2016, which represents a 2.02% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sumter City PUMA, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$47,008

Average Male Salary

± $5,981

$32,801

Average Female Salary

± $3,406

In 2017, full-time male employees in Sumter City PUMA, SC made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Sumter City PUMA, SC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,904 ± $54,010

  2. American Indian

    $42,560 ± $33,109

  3. White

    $41,115 ± $5,083

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Sumter City PUMA, SC workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Sumter City PUMA, SC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.407

2017 Wage GINI

0.412

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Sumter City PUMA, SC was 0.407 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.13% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Sumter City PUMA, SC was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Sumter City PUMA, SC in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Sumter City PUMA, SC across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sumter City PUMA, SC was Mount Pleasant Town PUMA, SC with a value of $75,053, followed by Forest Acres City & Dentsville PUMA, SC and Charleston City PUMA, SC, with respective values of $65,835 and $62,819.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Sumter City PUMA, SC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sumter City PUMA, SC (42.6k out of 184k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    30,149 ± 1,177

  2. White

    10,567 ± 728

  3. Hispanic

    1,497 ± 289

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sumter City PUMA, SC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

70.1k

2017 Value

0.659%

1 Year growth

± 0.659%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter City PUMA, SC grew at a rate of 0.659%, from 69.6k employees to 70.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sumter City PUMA, SC, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,195 people), Cashiers (2,096 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,694 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sumter City PUMA, SC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sumter City PUMA, SC, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,195 people), Cashiers (2,096 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,694 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Sumter City PUMA, SC has an unusually high number of residents working as Atmospheric & space scientists (22.9 times higher than expected), Firstline enlisted military supervisors (8.89 times), and Telephone operators (7.33 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sumter City PUMA, SC, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($245,938), Construction managers ($158,583), and Dentists ($136,491).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

70.1k

2017 Value

0.659%

1 Year growth

± 0.659%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter City PUMA, SC grew at a rate of 0.659%, from 69.6k employees to 70.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sumter City PUMA, SC, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,875 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,652 people), and Hospitals (3,550 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sumter City PUMA, SC, though some of these residents may live in Sumter City PUMA, SC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sumter City PUMA, SC, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,875 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,652 people), and Hospitals (3,550 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Sumter City PUMA, SC has an unusually high number of U. S. Air Force (20.2 times higher than expected), Textile & fabric finishing & coating mills (15.8 times), and Textile product mills, except carpets & rugs (11.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sumter City PUMA, SC, by average salary, are Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($99,271), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($97,795), and Wired telecommunications carriers ($83,944).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $15.9B

  2. $15.2B

  3. $11.7B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina product (by dollars) was Plastics/rubber with $15.9B, followed by Machinery ($15.2B) and Mixed freight ($11.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Carolina state.

$163B

2015 Value

$244B

Projected 2045 Value

49.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Carolina trade was $163B. This is expected to increase 49.4% to $244B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.2B

  2. $13.4B

  3. $5.71B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $22.2B, followed by Georgia with $13.4B and Tennessee and $5.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.1% of the population of Sumter City PUMA, SC has health coverage, with 31.4% on employee plans, 22.9% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 6.65% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Sumter City PUMA, SC was $7,311 in 2014. This is a 4.15% increase from the previous year ($7,020).

Primary care physicians in Sumter City PUMA, SC see 1483 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1488 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1891 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 639 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.1%). Additionally, Lee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

1,483 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Carolina see an average of 1,483 patients per year. This represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1,488 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

$7,311

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,235

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,491

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,298

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.15%, from $7,020 to $7,311.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.9%

Uninsured

31.4%

Employer Coverage

22.9%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

14.5%

Non-Group

6.65%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sumter City PUMA, SC stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 13.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sumter City PUMA, SC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 20.1% prevalence

  2. 19.6% prevalence

  3. 18.7% prevalence

Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina, at 20.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sumter City PUMA, SC is home to a population of 192k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Sumter City PUMA, SC residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sumter City PUMA, SC is composed of 99k Black or African American Alone residents (51.6%), 81.1k White Alone residents (42.3%), 6.28k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.28%), 3.17k Two or More Races residents (1.65%), 1.5k Asian Alone residents (0.784%), 482 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.251%), 105 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0548%), and 23 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.012%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sumter City PUMA, SC are Spanish (5,339 speakers), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (535 speakers), and French (Incl. Cajun) (402 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sumter City PUMA, SC was 38.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Sumter City PUMA, SC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Sumter City PUMA, SC residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

2.51%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.84k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Sumter City PUMA, SC residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sumter City PUMA, SC was 2.51%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sumter City PUMA, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    1,442 ± 929 people

  2. Philippines

    463 ± 528 people

  3. Honduras

    259 ± 395 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Sumter City PUMA, SC was Mexico, the natal country of 1,442 Sumter City PUMA, SC residents, followed by Philippines with 463 and Honduras with 259.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Sumter City PUMA, SC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sumter City PUMA, SC was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sumter City PUMA, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    99k ± 480

  2. White Alone

    81.1k ± 73

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    6.28k ± 666

In 2017, there were 1.22 times more Black or African American Alone residents (99k people) in Sumter City PUMA, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 81.1k White Alone and 6.28k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sumter City PUMA, SC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    5,339 speakers (2.97%)

  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    535 speakers (0.297%)

  3. French (Incl. Cajun)

    402 speakers (0.223%)

4.49% of Sumter City PUMA, SC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Sumter City PUMA, SC was Spanish. 2.97% of the overall population of Sumter City PUMA, SC are native Spanish speakers. 0.297% speak Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) and 0.223% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,111 ± 621

  2. Vietnam

    4,907 ± 364

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,595 ± 290

Sumter City PUMA, SC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Sumter City PUMA, SC awarded 1,098 degrees. The student population of Sumter City PUMA, SC is skewed towards women, with 2,140 male students and 3,697 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sumter City PUMA, SC are Black or African American (551 and 50.2%), followed by White (462 and 42.1%), Hispanic or Latino (25 and 2.28%), and Unknown (23 and 2.1%).

The largest universities in Sumter City PUMA, SC by number of degrees awarded are Central Carolina Technical College (661 and 60.2%), Williamsburg Technical College (202 and 18.4%), and University of South Carolina-Sumter (120 and 10.9%).

The most popular majors in Sumter City PUMA, SC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (206 and 18.8%), Registered Nursing (75 and 6.83%), and Data Processing & Data Processing Technology (57 and 5.19%).

The median tuition costs in Sumter City PUMA, SC are $11,690 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 200 degrees awarded

  2. 75 degrees awarded

  3. 40 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Sumter City PUMA, SC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 200 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Sumter City PUMA, SC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 661 degrees awarded

  2. 202 degrees awarded

  3. 120 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$11,690

Median Private

In 2016, the Sumter City PUMA, SC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Central Carolina Technical College with 661 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

413

Degrees Awarded to Men

685

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 413 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sumter City PUMA, SC, which is 0.603 times less than the 685 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Sumter City PUMA, SC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    551 degrees awarded

  2. White

    462 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    25 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sumter City PUMA, SC were to Black or African American students. These 551 degrees mean that there were 1.19 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 462 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sumter City PUMA, SC was $93,900 in 2017, which is 0.432 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $91,000 to $93,900, a 3.19% increase. The homeownership rate in Sumter City PUMA, SC is 69%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sumter City PUMA, SC have an average commute time of 24.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sumter City PUMA, SC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,657

Median Household Income

± $1,132

73.8k

Number of Households

± 1,757

In 2017, the median household income of the 73.8k households in Sumter City PUMA, SC grew to $37,657 from the previous year's value of $36,913.

The following chart displays the households in Sumter City PUMA, SC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$93,900

2017 Median

± $2,891

$91,000

2016 Median

± $3,089

In 2017, the median property value in Sumter City PUMA, SC grew to to $93,900 from the previous year's value of $91,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sumter City PUMA, SC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter City PUMA, SC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sumter City PUMA, SC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter City PUMA, SC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69%

2017 Homeownership

69.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69% of the housing units in Sumter City PUMA, SC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sumter City PUMA, SC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sumter City PUMA, SC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sumter City PUMA, SC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sumter City PUMA, SC have a shorter commute time (24.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.98% of the workforce in Sumter City PUMA, SC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sumter City PUMA, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sumter City PUMA, SC was Drove Alone (84.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (10%) and those who Worked At Home (2.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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