Union County, GA

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Population

22,262

1.04% growth

Median Age

53.8


Median Household Income

$42,767

2.59% growth

Poverty Rate

12.8%


Number of Employees

7,998

6.51% growth

Median Property Value

$191,800

3.45% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, GA had a population of 22.3k people with a median age of 53.8 and a median household income of $42,767. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, GA grew from 22,033 to 22,262, a 1.04% increase and its median household income grew from $41,686 to $42,767, a 2.59% increase.

The population of Union County, GA is 94.2% White Alone, 3.05% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.831% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Union County, GA speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, GA is $191,800, and the homeownership rate is 80.1%. Most people in Union County, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, GA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union County, GA employs 8k people. The largest industries in Union County, GA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,164 people), Construction (983 people), and Retail Trade (958 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($58,825), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($57,854), and Wholesale Trade ($56,923).

Median household income in Union County, GA is $42,767. Males in Union County, GA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Union County, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,767

2017 value

± $6,036

2.59%

1 Year Growth

± 16.3%

Households in Union County, GA have a median annual income of $42,767, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,686 in 2016, which represents a 2.59% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$62,744

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$46,261

Average Female Salary

± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,486 ± $3,787

  2. White

    $53,819 ± $950

  3. Two or More Races

    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, GA is from Georgia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2.01

  2. Census Tract 1.02

  3. Census Tract 2.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, GA was Census Tract 2.01 with a value of $48,484, followed by Census Tract 1.02 and Census Tract 2.04, with respective values of $46,795 and $46,625.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, GA (2.79k out of 21.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,689 ± 379

  2. Hispanic

    266 ± 146

  3. Asian

    49 ± 129

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, GA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8k

2017 Value

± 756

6.51%

1 Year growth

± 12.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, GA grew at a rate of 6.51%, from 7.51k employees to 8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,159 people), Management Occupations (856 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (693 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,159 people), Management Occupations (856 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (693 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5.24 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.97 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, GA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($101,552), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($95,855), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($79,628).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8k

2017 Value

± 756

6.51%

1 Year growth

± 12.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, GA grew at a rate of 6.51%, from 7.51k employees to 8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, GA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,164 people), Construction (983 people), and Retail Trade (958 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Union County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, GA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,164 people), Construction (983 people), and Retail Trade (958 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, GA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.17 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.05 times), and Construction (1.96 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, GA, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($58,825), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($57,854), and Wholesale Trade ($56,923).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $38B

  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($38B) and Electronics ($30.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$430B

2015 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.4B

  2. $25.3B

  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.9% of the population of Union County, GA has health coverage, with 29.2% on employee plans, 12.8% on Medicaid, 27.4% on Medicare, 17% on non-group plans, and 1.54% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Union County, GA see 1060 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.55% decrease from the previous year (1099 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2866 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1529 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,060 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, GA see an average of 1,060 patients per year. This represents a 3.55% decrease from the previous year (1,099 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, GA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.1%

Uninsured

29.2%

Employer Coverage

12.8%

Medicaid

27.4%

Medicare

17%

Non-Group

1.54%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, GA declined by 2.68% from 12.4% to 12.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, GA is home to a population of 22.3k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.54% of Union County, GA residents were born outside of the country (565 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, GA is composed of 21k White Alone residents (94.2%), 680 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.05%), 185 Black or African American Alone residents (0.831%), 184 Two or More Races residents (0.827%), 155 Asian Alone residents (0.696%), 94 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.422%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, GA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

54

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 25.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, GA was 53.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 54, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Union County, GA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, GA residents was 54.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.54%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

565 people

2.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

473 people

As of 2017, 2.54% of Union County, GA residents (565 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, GA was 2.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    264,376 ± 12,459 people

  2. India

    85,239 ± 7,138 people

  3. Korea

    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Georgia residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Union County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, GA was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    21k ± 24

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    680 ± 84.1

  3. Black or African American Alone

    185 ± 64

In 2017, there were 30.8 times more White Alone residents (21k people) in Union County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 680 Hispanic or Latino and 185 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union County, GA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, GA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union County, GA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,055 ± 223

  2. Korea

    272 ± 104

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    139 ± 74

Union County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, GA was $191,800 in 2017, which is 0.881 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $185,400 to $191,800, a 3.45% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, GA is 80.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, GA have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,767

Median Household Income

± $6,036

8.79k

Number of Households

± 678

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.79k households in Union County, GA grew to $42,767 from the previous year's value of $41,686.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$191,800

2017 Median

± $10,966

$185,400

2016 Median

± $13,444

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, GA grew to to $191,800 from the previous year's value of $185,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.1%

2017 Homeownership

78.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.1% of the housing units in Union County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, GA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, GA have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.38% of the workforce in Union County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.04%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, GA was Drove Alone (82.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.8%) and those who Worked At Home (6.04%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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