Union County, KY

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Population

14,915

0.996% decline

Median Age

37.5


Median Household Income

$42,139

2.14% growth

Poverty Rate

22.9%


Number of Employees

6,533

3.8% growth

Median Property Value

$83,100

1.22% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, KY had a population of 14.9k people with a median age of 37.5 and a median household income of $42,139. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, KY declined from 15,065 to 14,915, a -0.996% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,255 to $42,139, a 2.14% increase.

The population of Union County, KY is 82.6% White Alone, 13.1% Black or African American Alone, and 1.98% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Union County, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, KY is $83,100, and the homeownership rate is 67.9%. Most people in Union County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union County, KY employs 6.53k people. The largest industries in Union County, KY are Manufacturing (1,063 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,001 people), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (714 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($81,533), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($52,096), and Finance & Insurance ($41,513).

Median household income in Union County, KY is $42,139. Males in Union County, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Union County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,139

2017 value

± $4,009

2.14%

1 Year Growth

± 10%

Households in Union County, KY have a median annual income of $42,139, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,255 in 2016, which represents a 2.14% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9502.01

  3. Census Tract 9502.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, KY was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $47,703, followed by Census Tract 9502.01 and Census Tract 9502.02, with respective values of $41,831 and $37,038.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, KY (3.33k out of 14.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,298 ± 271

  2. Black

    927 ± 253

  3. Hispanic

    106 ± 101

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.53k

2017 Value

± 525

3.8%

1 Year growth

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, KY grew at a rate of 3.8%, from 6.29k employees to 6.53k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (724 people), Production Occupations (700 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (645 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (724 people), Production Occupations (700 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (645 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.51 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.03 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($103,750), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($79,125), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($63,981).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.53k

2017 Value

± 525

3.8%

1 Year growth

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, KY grew at a rate of 3.8%, from 6.29k employees to 6.53k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, KY, are Manufacturing (1,063 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,001 people), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (714 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Union County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, KY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,063 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,001 people), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (714 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, KY has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (20.2 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.24 times), and Utilities (3.9 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($81,533), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($52,096), and Finance & Insurance ($41,513).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Union County, KY has health coverage, with 45.1% on employee plans, 22.8% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.15% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Union County, KY see 5017 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.752% decrease from the previous year (5055 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2480 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 7440 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

5,017 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, KY see an average of 5,017 patients per year. This represents a 0.752% decrease from the previous year (5,055 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.35%

Uninsured

45.1%

Employer Coverage

22.8%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

1.15%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, KY declined by 27.2% from 10.1% to 7.35%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, KY is home to a population of 14.9k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.01% of Union County, KY residents were born outside of the country (151 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, KY is composed of 12.3k White Alone residents (82.6%), 1.96k Black or African American Alone residents (13.1%), 295 Two or More Races residents (1.98%), 280 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.88%), 46 Asian Alone residents (0.308%), 9 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0603%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.2

25

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 16.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, KY was 37.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 25. But people in Union County, KY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, KY residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

151 people

1.12%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

169 people

As of 2017, 1.01% of Union County, KY residents (151 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, KY was 1.12%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Union County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, KY was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    12.3k ± 18

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.96k ± 93

  3. Two or More Races

    295 ± 90.8

In 2017, there were 6.3 times more White Alone residents (12.3k people) in Union County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.96k Black or African American Alone and 295 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union County, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    420 ± 95

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    108 ± 74

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    92 ± 48

Union County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, KY was $83,100 in 2017, which is 0.382 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $82,100 to $83,100, a 1.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, KY is 67.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, KY have an average commute time of 20.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,139

Median Household Income

± $4,009

5.53k

Number of Households

± 459

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.53k households in Union County, KY grew to $42,139 from the previous year's value of $41,255.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$83,100

2017 Median

± $7,204

$82,100

2016 Median

± $6,965

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, KY grew to to $83,100 from the previous year's value of $82,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.9%

2017 Homeownership

71.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.9% of the housing units in Union County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, KY have a shorter commute time (20.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.24% of the workforce in Union County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.7%

  2. Walked

    11%

  3. Carpooled

    7.87%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, KY was Drove Alone (78.7%), followed by those who Walked (11%) and those who Carpooled (7.87%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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