Union County, NM

County

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Population
4,175
0.972% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tom Udall
Democratic Party
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
Median Age
40.6

Poverty Rate
14.1%

Median Household Income
$37,936
0.795% 1-year decline
Median Property Value
$81,300
9.16% 1-year decline
Number of Employees
1,588
3.45% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Union County, NM had a population of 4.18k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $37,936. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Union County, NM declined from 4,216 to 4,175, a -0.972% decrease and its median household income declined from $38,240 to $37,936, a -0.795% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (51.3%), White (Hispanic) (33.5%), Other (Hispanic) (6.66%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.63%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.96%). NaNk% of the people in Union County, NM speak a non-English language, and 94.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, NM is $81,300, and the homeownership rate is 69.9%. Most people in Union County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, NM is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Donald J. Trump with 71.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (18.8%), followed by Other (9.75%). The most partisan county was Catron County, NM with 71.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Union County, NM is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New Mexico.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for New Mexico
71.4% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in New Mexico
  1. 71.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 71.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 71.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in New Mexico was Catron County, NM with 71.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in New Mexico colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Tom Udall
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Union County, NM have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Union County, NM is home to a population of 4.18k people, from which 94.7% are citizens. As of 2018, 7.28% of Union County, NM residents were born outside of the country (304 people).

In 2018, there were 1.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.14k people) in Union County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.4k White (Hispanic) and 278 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.14k ± 89
  2. White (Hispanic)
    1.4k ± 194
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    278 ± 174
41.8%
Hispanic Population
1.75k people

In 2018, there were 1.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.14k people) in Union County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.4k White (Hispanic) and 278 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

41.8% of the people in Union County, NM are hispanic (1.75k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.28%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
304 people
6.74%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
284 people

As of 2018, 7.28% of Union County, NM residents (304 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, NM was 6.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 2.7
48
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 4.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Union County, NM was 40.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Union County, NM are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Union County, NM residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    145,710 ± 9,038 people
  2. Germany
    5,026 ± 1,738 people
  3. Philippines
    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

94.7%
2018 Citizenship
94.9%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.7% of Union County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, NM was 94.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    82 ± 42
  2. Korea
    73 ± 36
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    64 ± 37

Union County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Union County, NM is $37,936. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, NM was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $37,936, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, NM employs 1.59k people. The largest industries in Union County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (245 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (235 people), and Public Administration (226 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($83,750), Transportation & Warehousing ($83,750), and Public Administration ($49,667).

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,936
2018 value
± $4,381
-0.795%
1 Year Growth
± 13.4%

Households in Union County, NM have a median annual income of $37,936, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,240 in 2017, which represents a -0.795% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
$54,854
Average Male Salary in New Mexico
± $2,038
$41,925
Average Female Salary in New Mexico
± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New Mexico
  1. Asian
    $52,566 ± $11,622
  2. White
    $43,679 ± $1,381
  3. Black
    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New Mexico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, NM is from New Mexico.
0.462
2017 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.463
2016 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9502
  2. N/A
  3. N/A

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, NM was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $37,936, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, NM (496 out of 3.52k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    451 ± 122
  2. Hispanic
    349 ± 111
  3. Black
    20 ± 59

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.59k
2018 Value
± 223
3.45%
1 Year growth
± 18.6%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union County, NM grew at a rate of 3.45%, from 1.54k employees to 1.59k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, NM, are Management Occupations (198 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (153 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (144 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, NM, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (198 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (153 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (144 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (9.64 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (6.46 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, NM, by median earnings, are Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($102,778), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($61,250), and Management Occupations ($55,500).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.59k
2018 Value
± 223
3.45%
1 Year growth
± 18.6%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union County, NM grew at a rate of 3.45%, from 1.54k employees to 1.59k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (245 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (235 people), and Public Administration (226 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Union County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (245 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (235 people), and Public Administration (226 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, NM has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (12.3 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.45 times), and Public Administration (3.06 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, NM, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($83,750), Transportation & Warehousing ($83,750), and Public Administration ($49,667).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $12.9B
  2. $12.8B
  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($12.8B) and Electronics ($7.72B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico.
$69.2B
2015 Value in New Mexico
$110B
Projected 2045 Value in New Mexico
59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $9.94B
  2. $8.59B
  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, NM was $81,300 in 2018, which is 0.354 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $89,500 to $81,300, a 9.16% decrease. The homeownership rate in Union County, NM is 69.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, NM have an average commute time of 18.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$81,300
2018 Median
± $8,551
$89,500
2017 Median
± $11,133

In 2018, the median property value in Union County, NM declined from to $81,300 from the previous year's value of $89,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$37,936
Median Household Income
± $4,381
1.38k
Number of Households
± 179

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.38k households in Union County, NM declined from $37,936 from the previous year's value of $38,240.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $25k - $30k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.9%
2018 Homeownership
65.8%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 69.9% of the housing units in Union County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, NM have a shorter commute time (18.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.17% of the workforce in Union County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    77.6%
  2. Carpooled
    11.2%
  3. Worked At Home
    3.31%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, NM was Drove Alone (77.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.2%) and those who Worked At Home (3.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

84.8% of the population of Union County, NM has health coverage, with 29.3% on employee plans, 22.5% on Medicaid, 17.1% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 2.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Mexico was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Union County, NM see 2100 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.23% decrease from the previous year (2148 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 0 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 110 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,100 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, NM

Primary care physicians in Union County, NM see an average of 2,100 patients per year. This represents a 2.23% decrease from the previous year (2,148 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, NM in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
$7,214
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New Mexico
$4,155
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,445
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,663
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.2%
Uninsured
29.3%
Employer Coverage
22.5%
Medicaid
17.1%
Medicare
13.8%
Non-Group
2.01%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, NM grew by 3.99% from 14.7% to 15.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 13.7% prevalence
  2. 13.3% prevalence
  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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