Union Parish, LA

County

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Population
22,475
0.275% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bill Cassidy
Republican Party
US Senator
John Kennedy
Republican Party
Median Age
41.7

Poverty Rate
18.5%

Median Household Income
$43,083
10.7% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$99,000
11.6% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
8,090
4.04% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Union Parish, LA had a population of 22.5k people with a median age of 41.7 and a median household income of $43,083. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Union Parish, LA declined from 22,537 to 22,475, a -0.275% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,916 to $43,083, a 10.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union Parish, LA are White (Non-Hispanic) (68.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (24.8%), White (Hispanic) (2.55%), Other (Hispanic) (1.86%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.41%). NaNk% of the people in Union Parish, LA speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union Parish, LA is $99,000, and the homeownership rate is 82.4%. Most people in Union Parish, LA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Union Parish, LA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Louisiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Louisiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Louisiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Louisiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Louisiana went to Donald J. Trump with 73.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (24.7%), followed by Other (2.12%). The most partisan county was LaSalle Parish, LA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy are the senators currently representing the state of Louisiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Union Parish, LA is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Louisiana.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Louisiana
73.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Louisiana
  1. 88.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 84.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Louisiana was LaSalle Parish, LA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Louisiana colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Louisiana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.
Bill Cassidy
Senator from Louisiana2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015
John Kennedy
Senator from Louisiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy are the senators currently representing Louisiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Louisiana over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Louisiana

Louisiana is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Union Parish, LA have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Union Parish, LA is home to a population of 22.5k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2018, 2.08% of Union Parish, LA residents were born outside of the country (467 people).

In 2018, there were 2.77 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (15.5k people) in Union Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.58k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 572 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union Parish, LA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    15.5k ± 23
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    5.58k ± 277
  3. White (Hispanic)
    572 ± 208
4.66%
Hispanic Population
1.05k people

In 2018, there were 2.77 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (15.5k people) in Union Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.58k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 572 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.66% of the people in Union Parish, LA are hispanic (1.05k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union Parish, LA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.08%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
467 people
1.73%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
390 people

As of 2018, 2.08% of Union Parish, LA residents (467 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union Parish, LA was 1.73%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.6
34
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Union Parish, LA was 41.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Union Parish, LA are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Union Parish, LA residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    31,305 ± 4,329 people
  2. Honduras
    26,985 ± 4,021 people
  3. Vietnam
    19,764 ± 3,444 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Louisiana was Mexico, the natal country of 31,305 Louisiana residents, followed by Honduras with 26,985 and Vietnam with 19,764.

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Citizenship

98.3%
2018 Citizenship
98.7%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.3% of Union Parish, LA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Union Parish, LA was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    576 ± 149
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    244 ± 100
  3. Korea
    126 ± 62

Union Parish, LA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Union Parish, LA is $43,083. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union Parish, LA was Census Tract 9606 with a value of $63,250, followed by Census Tract 9605 and Census Tract 9601, with respective values of $56,652 and $39,137.

Males in Louisiana have an average income that is 1.55 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,269. The income inequality in Louisiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union Parish, LA employs 8.09k people. The largest industries in Union Parish, LA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,089 people), Construction (962 people), and Manufacturing (893 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,714), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,464), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,295).

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,083
2018 value
± $4,908
10.7%
1 Year Growth
± 11.9%

Households in Union Parish, LA have a median annual income of $43,083, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,916 in 2017, which represents a 10.7% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union Parish, LA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.
$62,488
Average Male Salary in Louisiana
± $1,557
$40,269
Average Female Salary in Louisiana
± $1,025

In 2017, full-time male employees in Louisiana made 1.55 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Louisiana
  1. Asian
    $54,337 ± $8,658
  2. White
    $51,901 ± $1,178
  3. American Indian
    $39,423 ± $9,186

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Louisiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Louisiana.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union Parish, LA is from Louisiana.
0.466
2017 Wage GINI in Louisiana
0.465
2016 Wage GINI in Louisiana

In 2017, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.313% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9606
  2. Census Tract 9605
  3. Census Tract 9601

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union Parish, LA was Census Tract 9606 with a value of $63,250, followed by Census Tract 9605 and Census Tract 9601, with respective values of $56,652 and $39,137.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union Parish, LA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union Parish, LA (4.01k out of 21.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,946 ± 332
  2. Black
    1,826 ± 281
  3. Hispanic
    351 ± 163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union Parish, LA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.09k
2018 Value
± 638
-4.04%
1 Year decline
± 11.5%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union Parish, LA declined at a rate of -4.04%, from 8.43k employees to 8.09k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union Parish, LA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,051 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (836 people), and Production Occupations (703 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union Parish, LA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,051 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (836 people), and Production Occupations (703 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union Parish, LA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.77 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.32 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.05 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($100,000), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($83,350), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($69,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.09k
2018 Value
± 638
-4.04%
1 Year decline
± 11.5%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union Parish, LA declined at a rate of -4.04%, from 8.43k employees to 8.09k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union Parish, LA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,089 people), Construction (962 people), and Manufacturing (893 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union Parish, LA, though some of these residents may live in Union Parish, LA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,089 people), Construction (962 people), and Manufacturing (893 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union Parish, LA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.81 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.77 times), and Utilities (3.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,714), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,464), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,295).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $81.6B
  2. $69.1B
  3. $38B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $81.6B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($69.1B) and Basic chemicals ($38B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Louisiana.
$365B
2015 Value in Louisiana
$476B
Projected 2045 Value in Louisiana
30.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Louisiana trade was $365B. This is expected to increase 30.3% to $476B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $38.9B
  2. $36B
  3. $14.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $38.9B, followed by Mississippi with $36B and Florida and $14.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union Parish, LA was $99,000 in 2018, which is 0.431 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $88,700 to $99,000, a 11.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Union Parish, LA is 82.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union Parish, LA have an average commute time of 31.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union Parish, LA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$99,000
2018 Median
± $15,588
$88,700
2017 Median
± $9,228

In 2018, the median property value in Union Parish, LA grew to to $99,000 from the previous year's value of $88,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union Parish, LA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union Parish, LA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,083
Median Household Income
± $4,908
7.72k
Number of Households
± 547

In 2018, the median household income of the 7.72k households in Union Parish, LA grew to $43,083 from the previous year's value of $38,916.

The following chart displays the households in Union Parish, LA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union Parish, LA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union Parish, LA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

82.4%
2018 Homeownership
81.6%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 82.4% of the housing units in Union Parish, LA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 81.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union Parish, LA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union Parish, LA have a longer commute time (31.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 3.91% of the workforce in Union Parish, LA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    85.2%
  2. Carpooled
    9.13%
  3. Bicycle
    2.09%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Union Parish, LA was Drove Alone (85.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.13%) and those who Bicycle (2.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union Parish, LA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union Parish, LA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

88% of the population of Union Parish, LA has health coverage, with 39.9% on employee plans, 20.4% on Medicaid, 13.9% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 1.31% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Louisiana was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Union Parish, LA see 7492 patients per year on average, which represents a 33% increase from the previous year (5635 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 11244 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1323 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, Assumption Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

7,492 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union Parish, LA

Primary care physicians in Union Parish, LA see an average of 7,492 patients per year. This represents a 33% increase from the previous year (5,635 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union Parish, LA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.
$7,815
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Louisiana
$4,420
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,281
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,811
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12%
Uninsured
39.9%
Employer Coverage
20.4%
Medicaid
13.9%
Medicare
12.4%
Non-Group
1.31%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union Parish, LA declined by 17% from 14.5% to 12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union Parish, LA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 17.2% prevalence
  2. 17% prevalence
  3. 15.6% prevalence

Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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