United States

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Population

327M

0.445% growth

Median Age

38.2


Median Household Income

$61,937

2.65% growth

Poverty Rate

13.1%


Number of Employees

150M

1.21% growth

Median Property Value

$229,700

5.56% growth

About

In 2018, The United States had a population of 327M people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $61,937. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of United States grew from 326M to 327M, a 0.445% increase and its median household income grew from $60,336 to $61,937, a 2.65% increase.

The population of the United States is 60.2% White Alone, 18.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 12.3% Black or African American Alone. 21.9% of the people in the United States speak a non-English language, and 93.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in the United States are University of Phoenix-Arizona (36,420 degrees awarded in 2017), Western Governors University (21,246 degrees), and Ivy Tech Community College (21,046 degrees).

The median property value in the United States is $229,700, and the homeownership rate is 63.9%. Most people in the United States commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in the United States is 2 cars per household.

The most populated states in the United States are California, Texas, and Florida and the least populated are Wyoming, Vermont, and District of Columbia. The most populated counties are Los Angeles County, CA, Cook County, IL, and Harris County, TX, while the most populated census designated places are New York, NY, Los Angeles, CA, and Chicago, IL.

About the photo: View of Yosemite Valley, Yosemite National Park

Economy

Median household income in the United States is $61,937. Males in the United States have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,828. The income inequality in the United States (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is approximately the same as than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,937

2018 value

± $94

2.65%

1 Year Growth

± 0.203%

Households in the United States have a median annual income of $61,937. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,336 in 2017, which represents a 2.65% annual growth. Look at the chart to see how the median household income in the United States compares to the states with the highest and lowest median annual income.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$70,466

Average Male Salary

± $228

$52,828

Average Female Salary

± $172

In 2018, full-time male employees in the United States made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in the United States by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,700 ± $632

  2. White

    $56,608 ± $157

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,508 ± $688

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of the United States workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in the United States by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in the United States was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.00071% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

This chart shows the number of workers in the United States across various wage buckets.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the state with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in the United States was District of Columbia with a value of $85,203, followed by Maryland and New Jersey, with respective values of $83,242 and $81,740.

The following map shows all of the states in the United States colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in the United States (41.9M out of 319M people) live below the poverty line. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    25,230,693 ± 90,255

  2. Hispanic

    11,025,445 ± 64,930

  3. Black

    8,971,239 ± 58,041

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in the United States is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

150M

2018 Value

1.21%

1 Year growth

± 1.21%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in the United States grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 148M employees to 150M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in the United States, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,812,188 people), Other managers (3,705,350 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (3,507,967 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of the United States.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of the United States, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,812,188 people), Other managers (3,705,350 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (3,507,967 people).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of the United States, by average salary, are Surgeons ($313,647), Physicians ($233,362), and Dentists ($185,669).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

150M

2018 Value

1.21%

1 Year growth

± 1.21%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in the United States grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 148M employees to 150M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in the United States, are Restaurants & Food Services (9,677,996 people), Elementary & secondary schools (9,168,620 people), and Construction (9,066,278 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of the United States, though some of these residents may live in the United States and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in the United States, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (9,677,996 people), Elementary & secondary schools (9,168,620 people), and Construction (9,066,278 people).

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in the United States, by average salary, are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($154,372), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($137,710), and Software publishing ($125,085).

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Health

91.3% of the population of the United States has health coverage, with 47.9% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 1.75% on military or VA plans.

The per capita personal health care spending in Alaska is $11,064, the highest spend of any state in the United States. The second highest is Massachusetts ($10,559), followed by Delaware ($10,254).

Mississippi, Nevada and Utah are the states with highest number of primary care patients per physician per year, with 1,883, 1,764 and 1,742 patients on average in 2015.

Comparing with dentists, Mississippi, Nevada and Utah are the states with highest number of patients per year, with 2,186, 1,632 and 1,488 on average in 2016.

Comparing across all states in the nation, Mississippi has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, West Virginia has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.5%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

8.73%

Uninsured

47.9%

Employer Coverage

17.6%

Medicaid

11.5%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

1.75%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in the United States grew by 1.79% from 8.58% to 8.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in the United States changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk states

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.9% prevalence

  3. 13.7% prevalence

Mississippi has the highest prevalence of diabetes in the United States, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in the United States by state over multiple years.

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Diversity

The United States is home to a population of 327M people, from which 93.2% are citizens. As of 2018, 13.7% of United States residents were born outside of the country (44.8M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of the United States is composed of 197M White Alone residents (60.2%), 59.8M Hispanic or Latino residents (18.3%), 40.3M Black or African American Alone residents (12.3%), 18.2M Asian Alone residents (5.56%), 8.3M Two or More Races residents (2.54%), 2.18M American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.666%), 826k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.253%), and 560k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.171%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in the United States are Spanish (41,460,427 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (3,471,604 speakers), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (1,760,468 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in the United States was 38.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in the United States are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all United States residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.7%

2018 Foreign-Born Population

44.8M people

13.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

44.6M people

As of 2018, 13.7% of United States residents (44.8M people) were born outside of the country. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens was 13.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    11,182,111 ± 80,684 people

  2. India

    2,634,871 ± 39,692 people

  3. China

    2,228,730 ± 36,527 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of the United States was Mexico, the natal country of 11,182,111 the United States residents, followed by India with 2,634,871 and China with 2,228,730.

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Citizenship

93.2%

2018 Citizenship

93.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.2% of United States residents were US citizens. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens was 93.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    197M ± 19.8k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    59.8M ± 188k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    40.3M ± 62.3k

In 2018, there were 3.3 times more White Alone residents (197M people) in the United States than any other race or ethnicity. There were 59.8M Hispanic or Latino and 40.3M Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in the United States as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    41,460,427 speakers (13.5%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    3,471,604 speakers (1.13%)

  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    1,760,468 speakers (0.572%)

21.9% of United States citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in the United States was Spanish. 13.5% of the overall population of the United States are native Spanish speakers. 1.13% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.572% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,037,203 ± 35,434

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,764,194 ± 35,452

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,514,512 ± 27,754

The United States has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.6 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in the United States awarded 5,140,115 degrees. The student population of the United States is skewed towards women, with 8,833,901 male students and 11,593,736 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in the United States are White (2,765,344 and 57.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (786,273 and 16.3%), Black or African American (576,612 and 11.9%), and Asian (298,112 and 6.17%).

The largest universities in the United States by number of degrees awarded are University of Phoenix-Arizona (36,420 and 0.709%), Western Governors University (21,246 and 0.413%), and Ivy Tech Community College (21,046 and 0.409%).

The most popular majors in the United States are General Business Administration & Management (331,390 and 6.45%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (327,361 and 6.37%), and Registered Nursing (237,915 and 4.63%).

The median tuition costs in the United States are $26,070 for private four year colleges, and $6,523 and $16,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 144,297 degrees awarded

  2. 138,211 degrees awarded

  3. 112,120 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in the United States was General Business Administration & Management with 144,297 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in the United States according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 36,420 degrees awarded

  2. 21,246 degrees awarded

  3. 21,046 degrees awarded

$6,523

Median In-State Public

$26,070

Median Private

In 2017, the United States institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Phoenix-Arizona with 36,420 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,148,215

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,991,900

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,148,215 men were awarded degrees from institutions in the United States, which is 0.718 times less than the 2,991,900 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in the United States by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,765,344 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    786,273 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    576,612 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in the United States were to White students. These 2,765,344 degrees mean that there were 3.52 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 786,273 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in the United States was $229,700 in 2018, which is 1 times the same as the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $217,600 to $229,700, a 5.56% increase. The homeownership rate in the United States is 63.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 63.9%. People in the United States have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in the United States is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$229,700

2018 Median

± $366

$217,600

2017 Median

± $437

In 2018, the median property value in the United States grew to to $229,700 from the previous year's value of $217,600.

The following chart displays owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets. In the United States the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,937

Median Household Income

± $94

122M

Number of Households

± 179,430

In 2018, the median household income of the 122M households in the United States grew to $61,937 from the previous year's value of $60,336.

The following chart displays the households in the United States distributed between a series of income buckets. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in the United States distributed between a series of property tax buckets. In the United States the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

63.9%

2018 Homeownership

63.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 63.9% of the housing units in the United States were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is approximately the same as the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in the United States compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

The chart below shows how the median household income in United States compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.99%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.34%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in the United States was Drove Alone (76.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.99%) and those who Worked At Home (5.34%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in the United States distributed between a series of car ownership buckets. The largest share of households in the United States have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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