Uvalde, TX

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Population

27,015

0.148% decline

Median Age

33.8


Median Household Income

$40,781

4.54% growth

Poverty Rate

17.9%


Number of Employees

11,605

2.24% growth

Median Property Value

$77,800

0.512% decline

About

In 2017, Uvalde, TX had a population of 27k people with a median age of 33.8 and a median household income of $40,781. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Uvalde, TX declined from 27,055 to 27,015, a -0.148% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,011 to $40,781, a 4.54% increase.

The population of Uvalde, TX is 70.9% Hispanic or Latino, 27.1% White Alone, and 1.02% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Uvalde, TX speak a non-English language, and 91.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Uvalde, TX are Southwest Texas Junior College (908 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Uvalde, TX is $77,800, and the homeownership rate is 72.9%. Most people in Uvalde, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18 minutes. The average car ownership in Uvalde, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Uvalde, TX employs 11.6k people. The largest industries in Uvalde, TX are Retail Trade (1,455 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,453 people), and Educational Services (1,217 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($61,154), Transportation & Warehousing ($49,375), and Public Administration ($45,620).

Median household income in Uvalde, TX is $40,781. Males in Uvalde, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Uvalde, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,781

2017 value

± $3,100

4.54%

1 Year Growth

± 10.6%

Households in Uvalde, TX have a median annual income of $40,781, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,011 in 2016, which represents a 4.54% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Uvalde, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Uvalde, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Uvalde, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in Uvalde, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Uvalde, TX (4.74k out of 26.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females < 5 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,288 ± 555

  2. Hispanic

    4,217 ± 553

  3. Other

    286 ± 153

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Uvalde, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.6k

2017 Value

± 911

2.24%

1 Year growth

± 10.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Uvalde, TX grew at a rate of 2.24%, from 11.4k employees to 11.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Uvalde, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,291 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,258 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,221 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Uvalde, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Uvalde, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,291 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,258 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,221 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Uvalde, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.76 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.14 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.11 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Uvalde, TX, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($78,403), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($69,167), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,125).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.6k

2017 Value

± 911

2.24%

1 Year growth

± 10.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Uvalde, TX grew at a rate of 2.24%, from 11.4k employees to 11.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Uvalde, TX, are Retail Trade (1,455 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,453 people), and Educational Services (1,217 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Uvalde, TX, though some of these residents may live in Uvalde, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Uvalde, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (1,455 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,453 people), and Educational Services (1,217 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Uvalde, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (11.1 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.99 times), and Utilities (1.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Uvalde, TX, by median earnings, are Information ($61,154), Transportation & Warehousing ($49,375), and Public Administration ($45,620).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.4% of the population of Uvalde, TX has health coverage, with 36.2% on employee plans, 21.4% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 9.91% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Uvalde, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Uvalde, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.6%

Uninsured

36.2%

Employer Coverage

21.4%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

9.91%

Non-Group

1.68%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Uvalde, TX declined by 12.5% from 22.4% to 19.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Uvalde, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Uvalde, TX is home to a population of 27k people, from which 91.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.8% of Uvalde, TX residents were born outside of the country (3.47k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Uvalde, TX is composed of 19.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (70.9%), 7.33k White Alone residents (27.1%), 275 Asian Alone residents (1.02%), 108 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.4%), 107 Two or More Races residents (0.396%), 40 Black or African American Alone residents (0.148%), 2 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0074%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Uvalde, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Uvalde, TX was 33.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in Uvalde, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Uvalde, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.47k people

12.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.32k people

As of 2017, 12.8% of Uvalde, TX residents (3.47k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Uvalde, TX was 12.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Uvalde, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

91.9%

2017 Citizenship

91.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.9% of Uvalde, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Uvalde, TX was 91.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Uvalde, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    19.2k ± 1.14k

  2. White Alone

    7.33k ± 18

  3. Asian Alone

    275 ± 171

In 2017, there were 2.62 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (19.2k people) in Uvalde, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.33k White Alone and 275 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Uvalde, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Uvalde, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Uvalde, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Uvalde, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    538 ± 160

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    273 ± 135

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    201 ± 94

Uvalde, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Uvalde, TX awarded 908 degrees. The student population of Uvalde, TX is skewed towards women, with 2,745 male students and 3,694 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Uvalde, TX are Hispanic or Latino (795 and 87.7%), followed by White (83 and 9.15%), Black or African American (10 and 1.1%), and Unknown (10 and 1.1%).

The largest universities in Uvalde, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southwest Texas Junior College (908 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Uvalde, TX are General Studies (430 and 47.4%), Welding Technology (64 and 7.05%), and Criminal Justice - Police Science (62 and 6.83%).

The median tuition costs in Uvalde, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 430 degrees awarded

  2. 37 degrees awarded

  3. 28 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Uvalde, TX was General Studies with 430 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Uvalde, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

908 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Uvalde, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwest Texas Junior College with 908 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

459

Degrees Awarded to Men

449

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 459 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Uvalde, TX, which is 1.02 times more than the 449 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Uvalde, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    795 degrees awarded

  2. White

    83 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    10 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Uvalde, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 795 degrees mean that there were 9.58 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 83 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Uvalde, TX was $77,800 in 2017, which is 0.358 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $78,200 to $77,800, a 0.512% decrease. The homeownership rate in Uvalde, TX is 72.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Uvalde, TX have an average commute time of 18 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Uvalde, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,781

Median Household Income

± $3,100

8.62k

Number of Households

± 662

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.62k households in Uvalde, TX grew to $40,781 from the previous year's value of $39,011.

The following chart displays the households in Uvalde, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$77,800

2017 Median

± $7,669

$78,200

2016 Median

± $8,084

In 2017, the median property value in Uvalde, TX declined from to $77,800 from the previous year's value of $78,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Uvalde, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Uvalde, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Uvalde, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Uvalde, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

72.9%

2017 Homeownership

71.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.9% of the housing units in Uvalde, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Uvalde, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Uvalde, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Uvalde, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Uvalde, TX have a shorter commute time (18 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.71% of the workforce in Uvalde, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Uvalde, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.93%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Uvalde, TX was Drove Alone (84.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.2%) and those who Worked At Home (2.93%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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