Valencia County, NM

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Population

75,845

0.195% decline

Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$43,428

3.92% growth

Poverty Rate

22%


Number of Employees

28,511

1.16% growth

Median Property Value

$133,100

0% growth

About

In 2017, Valencia County, NM had a population of 75.8k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $43,428. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Valencia County, NM declined from 75,993 to 75,845, a -0.195% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,788 to $43,428, a 3.92% increase.

The population of Valencia County, NM is 60% Hispanic or Latino, 33.6% White Alone, and 3.58% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Valencia County, NM speak a non-English language, and 95.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Valencia County, NM are University of New Mexico-Valencia County Campus (256 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Valencia County, NM is $133,100, and the homeownership rate is 80.5%. Most people in Valencia County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Valencia County, NM is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta 2014

Economy

The economy of Valencia County, NM employs 28.5k people. The largest industries in Valencia County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,057 people), Retail Trade (3,477 people), and Construction (3,249 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,333), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,305), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,116).

Median household income in Valencia County, NM is $43,428. Males in Valencia County, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Valencia County, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,428

2017 value

± $2,047

3.92%

1 Year Growth

± 6.24%

Households in Valencia County, NM have a median annual income of $43,428, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,788 in 2016, which represents a 3.92% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Valencia County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Valencia County, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9704.05

  2. Census Tract 9707

  3. Census Tract 9702

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Valencia County, NM was Census Tract 9704.05 with a value of $67,875, followed by Census Tract 9707 and Census Tract 9702, with respective values of $62,279 and $60,038.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Valencia County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Valencia County, NM (16.3k out of 74k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,472 ± 882

  2. Hispanic

    12,157 ± 836

  3. Other

    2,325 ± 393

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Valencia County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.5k

2017 Value

± 1,306

1.16%

1 Year growth

± 6.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Valencia County, NM grew at a rate of 1.16%, from 28.2k employees to 28.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Valencia County, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,957 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,651 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2,567 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Valencia County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Valencia County, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,957 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,651 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2,567 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Valencia County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.89 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.81 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Valencia County, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,938), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,917), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($57,627).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.5k

2017 Value

± 1,306

1.16%

1 Year growth

± 6.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Valencia County, NM grew at a rate of 1.16%, from 28.2k employees to 28.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Valencia County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,057 people), Retail Trade (3,477 people), and Construction (3,249 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Valencia County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Valencia County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Valencia County, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,057 people), Retail Trade (3,477 people), and Construction (3,249 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Valencia County, NM has an unusually high number of Construction (1.82 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.71 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.55 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Valencia County, NM, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,333), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,305), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,116).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.9B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $8.75B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $14.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($13.1B) and Electronics ($8.75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$74.8B

2020 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

47.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $74.8B. This is expected to increase 47.6% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.6B

  2. $9.8B

  3. $6.35B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $10.6B, followed by Arizona with $9.8B and Oregon and $6.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Valencia County, NM has health coverage, with 33.2% on employee plans, 29.8% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 2.71% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Valencia County, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Valencia County, NM see 3443 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.46% increase from the previous year (3296 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3781 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 456 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,443 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Valencia County, NM see an average of 3,443 patients per year. This represents a 4.46% increase from the previous year (3,296 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Valencia County, NM in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

33.2%

Employer Coverage

29.8%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

2.71%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Valencia County, NM declined by 15.1% from 12.2% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Valencia County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Valencia County, NM is home to a population of 75.8k people, from which 95.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.15% of Valencia County, NM residents were born outside of the country (6.18k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Valencia County, NM is composed of 45.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (60%), 25.5k White Alone residents (33.6%), 2.72k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.58%), 1.07k Two or More Races residents (1.41%), 610 Black or African American Alone residents (0.804%), 393 Asian Alone residents (0.518%), 71 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0936%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Valencia County, NM was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Valencia County, NM are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Valencia County, NM residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.15%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.18k people

8.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.23k people

As of 2017, 8.15% of Valencia County, NM residents (6.18k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Valencia County, NM was 8.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Valencia County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

95.3%

2017 Citizenship

95.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.3% of Valencia County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Valencia County, NM was 95.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Valencia County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    45.5k ± 1.91k

  2. White Alone

    25.5k ± 80

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    2.72k ± 209

In 2017, there were 1.79 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (45.5k people) in Valencia County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.5k White Alone and 2.72k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Valencia County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,354 ± 281

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    866 ± 235

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    758 ± 211

Valencia County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Valencia County, NM awarded 256 degrees. The student population of Valencia County, NM is skewed towards women, with 841 male students and 1,256 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Valencia County, NM are Hispanic or Latino (165 and 65.2%), followed by White (66 and 26.1%), American Indian or Alaska Native (7 and 2.77%), and Two or More Races (5 and 1.98%).

The largest universities in Valencia County, NM by number of degrees awarded are University of New Mexico-Valencia County Campus (256 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Valencia County, NM are Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (51 and 19.9%), Home Health Aide (24 and 9.38%), and Phlebotamy Technician (23 and 8.98%).

The median tuition costs in Valencia County, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 21 degrees awarded

  2. 15 degrees awarded

  3. 14 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Valencia County, NM was General Interdisciplinary Studies with 21 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Valencia County, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

256 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Valencia County, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of New Mexico-Valencia County Campus with 256 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

73

Degrees Awarded to Men

183

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 73 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Valencia County, NM, which is 0.399 times less than the 183 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Valencia County, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    165 degrees awarded

  2. White

    66 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    7 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Valencia County, NM were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 165 degrees mean that there were 2.5 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 66 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Valencia County, NM was $133,100 in 2017, which is 0.579 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $133,100 to $133,100, a 0% change. The homeownership rate in Valencia County, NM is 80.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Valencia County, NM have an average commute time of 27.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Valencia County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$133,100

2017 Median

± $4,585

$133,100

2016 Median

± $4,644

In 2017, the median property value in Valencia County, NM stayed at to $133,100 from the previous year's value of $133,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Valencia County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Valencia County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,428

Median Household Income

± $2,047

27k

Number of Households

± 1,164

In 2017, the median household income of the 27k households in Valencia County, NM grew to $43,428 from the previous year's value of $41,788.

The following chart displays the households in Valencia County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Valencia County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Valencia County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.5%

2017 Homeownership

79.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.5% of the housing units in Valencia County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 79.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Valencia County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Valencia County, NM have a longer commute time (27.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.96% of the workforce in Valencia County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Valencia County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.97%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Valencia County, NM was Drove Alone (80.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.1%) and those who Worked At Home (4.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Valencia County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Valencia County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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