Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI

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Population

126,587

0.334% decline

Median Age

42.7


Median Household Income

$49,893

5.04% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

54,766

3% growth

Median Property Value

$124,600

0.565% growth

About

In 2017, Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI had a population of 127k people with a median age of 42.7 and a median household income of $49,893. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI declined from 127,011 to 126,587, a -0.334% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,501 to $49,893, a 5.04% increase.

The population of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is 83.5% White Alone, 8.13% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.79% Black or African American Alone. 6.51% of the people in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 97.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are Southwestern Michigan College (597 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is $124,600, and the homeownership rate is 78.6%. Most people in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI employs 54.8k people. The largest industries in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (3,673 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,557 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (2,661 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($106,153), Nondepository credit & related activities ($105,440), and Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($104,127).

Median household income in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is $49,893. Males in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,241. The income inequality in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.432, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,893

2017 value

± $1,240

5.04%

1 Year Growth

± 3.05%

Households in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $49,893, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,501 in 2016, which represents a 5.04% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$53,126

Average Male Salary

± $7,024

$39,241

Average Female Salary

± $5,523

In 2017, full-time male employees in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,212 ± $4,502

  2. Asian

    $38,998 ± $56,463

  3. American Indian

    $37,965 ± $45,146

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.432

2017 Wage GINI

0.432

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was 0.432 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $119,171, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Washtenaw County (West, Northeast & Southeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $96,957 and $95,670.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI (18.6k out of 125k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,783 ± 672

  2. Hispanic

    2,738 ± 354

  3. Black

    1,786 ± 290

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

54.8k

2017 Value

3%

1 Year growth

± 3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 3%, from 53.2k employees to 54.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,691 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,314 people), and Miscellaneous production workers, including semiconductor processors (1,242 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,691 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,314 people), and Miscellaneous production workers, including semiconductor processors (1,242 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Chemical processing machine setters, operators, & tenders (9.3 times higher than expected), Veterinary assistants & laboratory animal caretakers (7.3 times), and Model makers, patternmakers, & molding machine setters, metal & plastic (6.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Chief executives & legislators ($142,098), Computer & information systems managers ($105,308), and Firstline supervisors of housekeeping & janitorial workers ($105,080).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

54.8k

2017 Value

3%

1 Year growth

± 3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 3%, from 53.2k employees to 54.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,673 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,557 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (2,661 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,673 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,557 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (2,661 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Aluminum production & processing (11.3 times higher than expected), Rubber products, except tires, manufacturing (7.77 times), and Fuel dealers (7.14 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($106,153), Nondepository credit & related activities ($105,440), and Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($104,127).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.4% of the population of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 18.7% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.67% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.6%

Uninsured

43.7%

Employer Coverage

18.7%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

1.67%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is home to a population of 127k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2016, 3.41% of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (4.33k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is composed of 106k White Alone residents (83.5%), 10.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.13%), 4.8k Black or African American Alone residents (3.79%), 3.83k Two or More Races residents (3.02%), 897 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.709%), 878 Asian Alone residents (0.694%), 134 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.106%), and 60 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0474%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are Spanish (6,088 speakers), German (277 speakers), and French (Incl. Cajun) (182 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was 42.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.41%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.33k people

3.34%

2015 Foreign-Born Population

4.26k people

As of 2016, 3.41% of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI residents (4.33k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2015, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was 3.34%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,263 ± 1,157 people

  2. Colombia

    197 ± 344 people

  3. Germany

    196 ± 343 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 2,263 Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI residents, followed by Colombia with 197 and Germany with 196.

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Citizenship

97.9%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.9% of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    106k ± 110

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    10.3k ± 961

  3. Black or African American Alone

    4.8k ± 265

In 2017, there were 10.3 times more White Alone residents (106k people) in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.3k Hispanic or Latino and 4.8k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    6,088 speakers (5.1%)

  2. German

    277 speakers (0.232%)

  3. French (Incl. Cajun)

    182 speakers (0.152%)

6.51% of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was Spanish. 5.1% of the overall population of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.232% speak German and 0.152% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,717 ± 277

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    967 ± 219

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    834 ± 152

Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI awarded 597 degrees. The student population of Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 996 male students and 1,334 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are White (466 and 78.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (40 and 6.72%), Black or African American (32 and 5.38%), and Two or More Races (30 and 5.04%).

The largest universities in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern Michigan College (597 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (288 and 48.2%), Registered Nursing (58 and 9.72%), and Medical Assistant (50 and 8.38%).

The median tuition costs in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 141 degrees awarded

  2. 58 degrees awarded

  3. 24 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 141 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

597 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern Michigan College with 597 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

233

Degrees Awarded to Men

364

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 233 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI, which is 0.64 times less than the 364 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    466 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    40 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    32 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI were to White students. These 466 degrees mean that there were 11.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 40 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was $124,600 in 2017, which is 0.542 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $123,900 to $124,600, a 0.565% increase. The homeownership rate in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is 78.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$124,600

2017 Median

± $2,645

$123,900

2016 Median

± $2,244

In 2017, the median property value in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI grew to to $124,600 from the previous year's value of $123,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,893

Median Household Income

± $1,240

49.8k

Number of Households

± 1,205

In 2017, the median household income of the 49.8k households in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI grew to $49,893 from the previous year's value of $47,501.

The following chart displays the households in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.6%

2017 Homeownership

79%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.6% of the housing units in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 79%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.85% of the workforce in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.2%

  2. Carpooled

    9.99%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI was Drove Alone (82.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.99%) and those who Worked At Home (4.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Van Buren & Cass Counties PUMA, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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