Washington County, ME

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Population

31,822

0.323% decline

Median Age

47.6


Median Household Income

$40,328

2.18% growth

Poverty Rate

18.2%


Number of Employees

12,881

0.279% decline

Median Property Value

$110,000

2.42% growth

About

In 2017, Washington County, ME had a population of 31.8k people with a median age of 47.6 and a median household income of $40,328. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Washington County, ME declined from 31,925 to 31,822, a -0.323% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,469 to $40,328, a 2.18% increase.

The population of Washington County, ME is 90.1% White Alone, 4.68% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 2.37% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Washington County, ME speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington County, ME are Washington County Community College (143 degrees awarded in 2016) and University of Maine at Machias (96 degrees).

The median property value in Washington County, ME is $110,000, and the homeownership rate is 75.7%. Most people in Washington County, ME commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington County, ME is 2 cars per household.

Washington County, ME borders Penobscot County, ME, Aroostook County, ME, and Hancock County, ME.

About the photo: Downtown Calais, Maine

Economy

The economy of Washington County, ME employs 12.9k people. The largest industries in Washington County, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,212 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1,606 people), and Retail Trade (1,315 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($51,513), Manufacturing ($43,750), and Public Administration ($43,107).

Median household income in Washington County, ME is $40,328. Males in Washington County, ME have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,792. The income inequality in Washington County, ME (measured using the Gini index) is 0.447, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,328

2017 value

± $1,454

2.18%

1 Year Growth

± 4.63%

Households in Washington County, ME have a median annual income of $40,328, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,469 in 2016, which represents a 2.18% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Washington County, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

$58,075

Average Male Salary

± $2,642

$44,792

Average Female Salary

± $1,926

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $48,746 ± $19,436

  2. White

    $43,832 ± $1,466

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,588 ± $101,474

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington County, ME is from Maine.

0.447

2017 Wage GINI

0.45

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maine was 0.447 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.62% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9561

  2. Census Tract 9556

  3. Census Tract 9559

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington County, ME was Census Tract 9561 with a value of $46,786, followed by Census Tract 9556 and Census Tract 9559, with respective values of $45,729 and $45,644.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Washington County, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington County, ME (5.6k out of 30.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,699 ± 291

  2. Native American

    620 ± 72

  3. Two Or More

    231 ± 67

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington County, ME is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.9k

2017 Value

± 432

-0.279%

1 Year decline

± 4.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, ME declined at a rate of -0.279%, from 12.9k employees to 12.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington County, ME, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,403 people), Management Occupations (1,279 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1,257 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington County, ME.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington County, ME, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,403 people), Management Occupations (1,279 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1,257 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, ME has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (14.5 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.17 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington County, ME, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($78,000), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,500), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($61,000).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.9k

2017 Value

± 432

-0.279%

1 Year decline

± 4.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, ME declined at a rate of -0.279%, from 12.9k employees to 12.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington County, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,212 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1,606 people), and Retail Trade (1,315 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington County, ME, though some of these residents may live in Washington County, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington County, ME, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,212 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1,606 people), and Retail Trade (1,315 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, ME has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (10.5 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.49 times), and Utilities (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington County, ME, by median earnings, are Utilities ($51,513), Manufacturing ($43,750), and Public Administration ($43,107).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $7.7B

  2. $3.41B

  3. $3.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $7.7B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.41B) and Gasoline ($3.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maine state.

$41.8B

2015 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

36.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maine trade was $41.8B. This is expected to increase 36.1% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.48B

  2. $3.07B

  3. $2.42B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.48B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.07B and New York and $2.42B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.4% of the population of Washington County, ME has health coverage, with 28.7% on employee plans, 26.7% on Medicaid, 14.2% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 3.88% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Washington County, ME was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Washington County, ME see 1757 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.566% decrease from the previous year (1767 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2419 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 202 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,757 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington County, ME see an average of 1,757 patients per year. This represents a 0.566% decrease from the previous year (1,767 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington County, ME in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.6%

Uninsured

28.7%

Employer Coverage

26.7%

Medicaid

14.2%

Medicare

13.9%

Non-Group

3.88%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington County, ME declined by 0.456% from 12.7% to 12.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington County, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Washington County, ME is home to a population of 31.8k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.98% of Washington County, ME residents were born outside of the country (1.27k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Washington County, ME is composed of 28.7k White Alone residents (90.1%), 1.49k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (4.68%), 754 Two or More Races residents (2.37%), 610 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.92%), 145 Asian Alone residents (0.456%), 134 Black or African American Alone residents (0.421%), 23 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0723%), and 7 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.022%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Washington County, ME are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

47

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

58

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Washington County, ME was 47.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 58. But people in Washington County, ME are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Washington County, ME residents was 47.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.98%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.27k people

3.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.27k people

As of 2017, 3.98% of Washington County, ME residents (1.27k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington County, ME was 3.97%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    9,674 ± 2,406 people

  2. Philippines

    2,503 ± 1,227 people

  3. China

    2,372 ± 1,195 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 9,674 Maine residents, followed by Philippines with 2,503 and China with 2,372.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Washington County, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Washington County, ME was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    28.7k ± 21

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    1.49k ± 84

  3. Two or More Races

    754 ± 91.2

In 2017, there were 19.2 times more White Alone residents (28.7k people) in Washington County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.49k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 754 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Washington County, ME as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Washington County, ME citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Washington County, ME was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Washington County, ME are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,236 ± 107

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    333 ± 70

  3. Korea

    321 ± 51

Washington County, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.71 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Washington County, ME awarded 239 degrees. The student population of Washington County, ME is skewed towards women, with 423 male students and 740 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington County, ME are White (176 and 75.9%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (24 and 10.3%), Unknown (22 and 9.48%), and Black or African American (8 and 3.45%).

The largest universities in Washington County, ME by number of degrees awarded are Washington County Community College (143 and 59.8%) and University of Maine at Machias (96 and 40.2%).

The most popular majors in Washington County, ME are Community Psychology (18 and 7.53%), Entrepreneurial Studies (16 and 6.69%), and Medical Assistant (15 and 6.28%).

The median tuition costs in Washington County, ME are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,660 and $18,480 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Washington County, ME was Construction, Heavy, & Earth-Moving Equipment Operation with 13 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Washington County, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 143 degrees awarded

  2. 96 degrees awarded

$6,660

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Washington County, ME institution with the largest number of graduating students was Washington County Community College with 143 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

112

Degrees Awarded to Men

127

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 112 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington County, ME, which is 0.882 times less than the 127 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Washington County, ME by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    176 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    24 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    22 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Washington County, ME were to White students. These 176 degrees mean that there were 7.33 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 24 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington County, ME was $110,000 in 2017, which is 0.506 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $107,400 to $110,000, a 2.42% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington County, ME is 75.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Washington County, ME have an average commute time of 19.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Washington County, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,328

Median Household Income

± $1,454

14k

Number of Households

± 437

In 2017, the median household income of the 14k households in Washington County, ME grew to $40,328 from the previous year's value of $39,469.

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$110,000

2017 Median

± $4,412

$107,400

2016 Median

± $3,807

In 2017, the median property value in Washington County, ME grew to to $110,000 from the previous year's value of $107,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington County, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, ME the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington County, ME distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.7%

2017 Homeownership

76%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.7% of the housing units in Washington County, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 76%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington County, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington County, ME have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington County, ME have a shorter commute time (19.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.1% of the workforce in Washington County, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington County, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.6%

  2. Carpooled

    13.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.31%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Washington County, ME was Drove Alone (73.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (13.2%) and those who Worked At Home (6.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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