Williamson County, TX

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Population

566,719

3.5% growth

Median Age

36.5


Median Household Income

$87,454

7.02% growth

Poverty Rate

6.97%


Number of Employees

288,185

5.64% growth

Median Property Value

$283,000

3.85% growth

About

In 2018, Williamson County, TX had a population of 567k people with a median age of 36.5 and a median household income of $87,454. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Williamson County, TX grew from 547,545 to 566,719, a 3.5% increase and its median household income grew from $81,719 to $87,454, a 7.02% increase.

The population of Williamson County, TX is 58.4% White Alone, 24.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.81% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Williamson County, TX speak a non-English language, and 92.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Williamson County, TX are Southwestern University (485 degrees awarded in 2017), South University-Austin (86 degrees), and National American University-Georgetown (34 degrees).

The median property value in Williamson County, TX is $283,000, and the homeownership rate is 69.3%. Most people in Williamson County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Williamson County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Williamson County, TX employs 288k people. The largest industries in Williamson County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,907 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (35,466 people), and Retail Trade (29,083 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($87,103), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,074), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,839).

Median household income in Williamson County, TX is $87,454. Males in Williamson County, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Williamson County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$87,454

2018 value

± $2,839

7.02%

1 Year Growth

± 3.88%

Households in Williamson County, TX have a median annual income of $87,454, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $81,719 in 2017, which represents a 7.02% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Williamson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Williamson County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 206.03

  2. Census Tract 205.09

  3. Census Tract 201.12

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Williamson County, TX was Census Tract 206.03 with a value of $148,929, followed by Census Tract 205.09 and Census Tract 201.12, with respective values of $140,938 and $135,313.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Williamson County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.97% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Williamson County, TX (35.1k out of 503k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    27,174 ± 1,408

  2. Hispanic

    12,943 ± 1,029

  3. Black

    3,566 ± 485

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Williamson County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

288k

2018 Value

± 9,940

5.64%

1 Year growth

± 4.72%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Williamson County, TX grew at a rate of 5.64%, from 273k employees to 288k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Williamson County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,982 people), Management Occupations (33,261 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (29,960 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Williamson County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Williamson County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,982 people), Management Occupations (33,261 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (29,960 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Williamson County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.15 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.71 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.26 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Williamson County, TX, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($90,365), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($86,024), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,067).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

288k

2018 Value

± 9,940

5.64%

1 Year growth

± 4.72%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Williamson County, TX grew at a rate of 5.64%, from 273k employees to 288k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Williamson County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,907 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (35,466 people), and Retail Trade (29,083 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Williamson County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Williamson County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Williamson County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,907 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (35,466 people), and Retail Trade (29,083 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Williamson County, TX has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.63 times higher than expected), Information (1.28 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Williamson County, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($87,103), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,074), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,839).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Williamson County, TX has health coverage, with 60.6% on employee plans, 7.11% on Medicaid, 8.63% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.59% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Williamson County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Williamson County, TX see 1509 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.48% increase from the previous year (1487 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1849 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1106 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,509 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Williamson County, TX see an average of 1,509 patients per year. This represents a 1.48% increase from the previous year (1,487 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Williamson County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.88%

Uninsured

60.6%

Employer Coverage

7.11%

Medicaid

8.63%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.59%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Williamson County, TX grew by 6.78% from 8.32% to 8.88%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Williamson County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Williamson County, TX is home to a population of 567k people, from which 92.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 11% of Williamson County, TX residents were born outside of the country (60k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Williamson County, TX is composed of 331k White Alone residents (58.4%), 140k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.8%), 38.6k Asian Alone residents (6.81%), 34.4k Black or African American Alone residents (6.07%), 19.2k Two or More Races residents (3.38%), 1.89k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.334%), 612 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.108%), and 532 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0939%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Williamson County, TX was 36.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Williamson County, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Williamson County, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

60k people

10.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

56.5k people

As of 2017, 11% of Williamson County, TX residents (60k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Williamson County, TX was 10.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Williamson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

92.9%

2018 Citizenship

92.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 92.9% of Williamson County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Williamson County, TX was 92.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Williamson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    331k ± 826

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    140k ± 5.84k

  3. Asian Alone

    38.6k ± 2.23k

In 2018, there were 2.36 times more White Alone residents (331k people) in Williamson County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 140k Hispanic or Latino and 38.6k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Williamson County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    9,775 ± 1,740

  2. Vietnam

    9,027 ± 1,167

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,355 ± 1,276

Williamson County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Williamson County, TX awarded 606 degrees. The student population of Williamson County, TX is skewed towards women, with 767 male students and 1,334 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Williamson County, TX are White (379 and 63.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (114 and 19.2%), Black or African American (51 and 8.6%), and Asian (27 and 4.55%).

The largest universities in Williamson County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southwestern University (485 and 80%), South University-Austin (86 and 14.2%), and National American University-Georgetown (34 and 5.61%).

The most popular majors in Williamson County, TX are General Business (61 and 10.1%), General Psychology (48 and 7.92%), and Speech Communication & Rhetoric (41 and 6.77%).

The median tuition costs in Williamson County, TX are $40,560 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 41 degrees awarded

  2. 60 degrees awarded

  3. 48 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Williamson County, TX was Speech Communication & Rhetoric with 41 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Williamson County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 485 degrees awarded

  2. 86 degrees awarded

  3. 34 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$40,560

Median Private

In 2017, the Williamson County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southwestern University with 485 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

231

Degrees Awarded to Men

375

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 231 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Williamson County, TX, which is 0.616 times less than the 375 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Williamson County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    379 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    114 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    51 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Williamson County, TX were to White students. These 379 degrees mean that there were 3.32 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 114 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Williamson County, TX was $283,000 in 2018, which is 1.23 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $272,500 to $283,000, a 3.85% increase. The homeownership rate in Williamson County, TX is 69.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Williamson County, TX have an average commute time of 26.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Williamson County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$283,000

2018 Median

± $5,807

$272,500

2017 Median

± $4,245

In 2018, the median property value in Williamson County, TX grew to to $283,000 from the previous year's value of $272,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Williamson County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Williamson County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$87,454

Median Household Income

± $2,839

185k

Number of Households

± 6,674

In 2018, the median household income of the 185k households in Williamson County, TX grew to $87,454 from the previous year's value of $81,719.

The following chart displays the households in Williamson County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Williamson County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Williamson County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.3%

2018 Homeownership

67.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 69.3% of the housing units in Williamson County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Williamson County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Williamson County, TX have a longer commute time (26.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.53% of the workforce in Williamson County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Williamson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.5%

  2. Carpooled

    9.73%

  3. Worked At Home

    8.2%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Williamson County, TX was Drove Alone (79.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.73%) and those who Worked At Home (8.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Williamson County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Williamson County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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