Yuma, AZ

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Population

204,281

0.486% growth

Median Age

34.1


Median Household Income

$43,253

4.31% growth

Poverty Rate

19.7%


Number of Employees

74,891

2.83% growth

Median Property Value

$117,000

3.17% growth

About

In 2017, Yuma, AZ had a population of 204k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $43,253. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Yuma, AZ grew from 203,292 to 204,281, a 0.486% increase and its median household income grew from $41,467 to $43,253, a 4.31% increase.

The population of Yuma, AZ is 62.9% Hispanic or Latino, 31.8% White Alone, and 1.79% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Yuma, AZ speak a non-English language, and 84.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Yuma, AZ are Arizona Western College (2,193 degrees awarded in 2017) and Regional Center for Border Health (139 degrees).

The median property value in Yuma, AZ is $117,000, and the homeownership rate is 67.5%. Most people in Yuma, AZ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19 minutes. The average car ownership in Yuma, AZ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Grand Canyon - South Rim - Summer 2014

Economy

The economy of Yuma, AZ employs 74.9k people. The largest industries in Yuma, AZ are Retail Trade (9,499 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,581 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (8,152 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($58,875), Utilities ($50,136), and Public Administration ($46,670).

Median household income in Yuma, AZ is $43,253. Males in Yuma, AZ have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,169. The income inequality in Yuma, AZ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,253

2017 value

± $1,376

4.31%

1 Year Growth

± 3.96%

Households in Yuma, AZ have a median annual income of $43,253, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,467 in 2016, which represents a 4.31% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Yuma, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

$60,619

Average Male Salary

± $1,335

$46,169

Average Female Salary

± $1,026

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arizona made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,397 ± $4,848

  2. White

    $48,861 ± $892

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,845 ± $31,991

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arizona workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Yuma, AZ is from Arizona.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.304% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Yuma, AZ was Maricopa County, AZ with a value of $65,252, followed by Coconino County, AZ and Pinal County, AZ, with respective values of $61,843 and $59,058.

The following map shows all of the counties in Yuma, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Yuma, AZ (39.2k out of 199k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    30,789 ± 1,354

  2. White

    27,379 ± 1,250

  3. Other

    8,835 ± 844

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Yuma, AZ is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

74.9k

2017 Value

± 2,047

2.83%

1 Year growth

± 3.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Yuma, AZ grew at a rate of 2.83%, from 72.8k employees to 74.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Yuma, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,690 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,385 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5,763 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Yuma, AZ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Yuma, AZ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,690 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,385 people), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5,763 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Yuma, AZ has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (11.4 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.65 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Yuma, AZ, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,373), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,528), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($58,886).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

74.9k

2017 Value

± 2,047

2.83%

1 Year growth

± 3.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Yuma, AZ grew at a rate of 2.83%, from 72.8k employees to 74.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Yuma, AZ, are Retail Trade (9,499 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,581 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (8,152 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Yuma, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Yuma, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Yuma, AZ, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (9,499 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,581 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (8,152 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Yuma, AZ has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (9.2 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.29 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Yuma, AZ, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($58,875), Utilities ($50,136), and Public Administration ($46,670).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $26.7B

  2. $23.8B

  3. $18.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $26.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($23.8B) and Electronics ($18.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona state.

$177B

2020 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

63.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Arizona trade was $177B. This is expected to increase 63.9% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.2B

  2. $9.42B

  3. $4.47B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $25.2B, followed by Texas with $9.42B and New Mexico and $4.47B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.9% of the population of Yuma, AZ has health coverage, with 32.8% on employee plans, 25.4% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 3.79% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Yuma, AZ was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Yuma, AZ see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.1%

Uninsured

32.8%

Employer Coverage

25.4%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

3.79%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Yuma, AZ declined by 16.2% from 18% to 15.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Yuma, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Yuma, AZ is home to a population of 204k people, from which 84.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.1% of Yuma, AZ residents were born outside of the country (55.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Yuma, AZ is composed of 128k Hispanic or Latino residents (62.9%), 65k White Alone residents (31.8%), 3.65k Black or African American Alone residents (1.79%), 2.72k Two or More Races residents (1.33%), 2.35k Asian Alone residents (1.15%), 1.89k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.924%), 106 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0519%), and 102 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0499%).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Yuma, AZ was 34.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Yuma, AZ are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Yuma, AZ residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

55.4k people

26.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

54.7k people

As of 2017, 27.1% of Yuma, AZ residents (55.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Yuma, AZ was 26.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Yuma, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    511,535 ± 16,887 people

  2. Canada

    42,113 ± 5,023 people

  3. India

    35,674 ± 4,625 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 511,535 Arizona residents, followed by Canada with 42,113 and India with 35,674.

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Citizenship

84.4%

2017 Citizenship

84.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 84.4% of Yuma, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Yuma, AZ was 84.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Yuma, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    128k ± 4.11k

  2. White Alone

    65k ± 84

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.65k ± 209

In 2017, there were 1.98 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (128k people) in Yuma, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 65k White Alone and 3.65k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Yuma, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,166 ± 324

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,992 ± 500

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,835 ± 299

Yuma, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Yuma, AZ awarded 2,332 degrees. The student population of Yuma, AZ is skewed towards women, with 3,172 male students and 4,413 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Yuma, AZ are Hispanic or Latino (1,470 and 65.5%), followed by White (512 and 22.8%), Black or African American (106 and 4.72%), and Unknown (70 and 3.12%).

The largest universities in Yuma, AZ by number of degrees awarded are Arizona Western College (2,193 and 94%) and Regional Center for Border Health (139 and 5.96%).

The most popular majors in Yuma, AZ are General Studies (1,016 and 43.6%), General Construction Trades (241 and 10.3%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (132 and 5.66%).

The median tuition costs in Yuma, AZ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 376 degrees awarded

  2. 84 degrees awarded

  3. 61 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Yuma, AZ was General Studies with 376 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Yuma, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,193 degrees awarded

  2. 139 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Yuma, AZ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Arizona Western College with 2,193 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,121

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,211

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,121 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Yuma, AZ, which is 0.926 times less than the 1,211 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Yuma, AZ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    1,470 degrees awarded

  2. White

    512 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    106 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Yuma, AZ were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 1,470 degrees mean that there were 2.87 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 512 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Yuma, AZ was $117,000 in 2017, which is 0.509 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,400 to $117,000, a 3.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Yuma, AZ is 67.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Yuma, AZ have an average commute time of 19 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Yuma, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$117,000

2017 Median

± $2,415

$113,400

2016 Median

± $1,792

In 2017, the median property value in Yuma, AZ grew to to $117,000 from the previous year's value of $113,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Yuma, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Yuma, AZ the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,253

Median Household Income

± $1,376

71.7k

Number of Households

± 1,877

In 2017, the median household income of the 71.7k households in Yuma, AZ grew to $43,253 from the previous year's value of $41,467.

The following chart displays the households in Yuma, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Yuma, AZ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Yuma, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.5%

2017 Homeownership

67.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.5% of the housing units in Yuma, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Yuma, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Yuma, AZ have a shorter commute time (19 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.66% of the workforce in Yuma, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Yuma, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.04%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Yuma, AZ was Drove Alone (80.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.4%) and those who Worked At Home (3.04%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Yuma, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Yuma, AZ have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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