Cooks

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Total Workforce
2.35M
Average Age
35.9
Average Salary
$19,038
Average Male Salary
$20,177
Average Female Salary
$17,440

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Cooks and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Cooks, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Cooks, by average wage, is Animal food, grain & oilseed milling. Cooks are paid most in Oakland (East) & Piedmont Cities PUMA, CA but are relatively concentrated in Westpark Tollway, Between Loop I-610 & Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$19,038
AVERAGE SALARY
± $318

In 2018, Cooks earned an average of $19,038, $34,850 less than than the average national salary of $53,888.

Food servers, nonrestaurant make somewhat more than Cooks while Waiters & waitresses make somewhat less. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Cooks as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.373
WAGE GINI

In 2018, Cooks had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.373, which is lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Cooks (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Cooks.

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Spatial Concentration

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Cooks.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries employing Cooks, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services, Elementary & secondary schools, and Nursing Care Facilities.

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Industries by Share

2.35M
2018 Workforce
± 37,366
1.24%
1 YEAR GROWTH
± 2.22%

The number of people employed as Cooks has been growing at a rate of 1.24%, from 2,324,550 people in 2017 to 2,353,406 people in 2018.

This graphic shows the share of Cooks employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Cooks at  72.8%, followed by Elementary & secondary schools with 5.8% and Nursing Care Facilities with 2.51%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Cooks in the US. The average age of male Cooks in the workforce is 32.6 and of female Cooks is 40.7, and the most common race/ethnicity for Cooks is White (Non-Hispanic).

Gender Composition

1.37M
MALE WORKFORCE
± 28,651
979k
FEMALE WORKFORCE
± 24,212

58.4% of Cooks are Male, making them the more common gender in the occupation. This chart shows the gender breakdown of Cooks.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Cooks
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
  2. White (Hispanic)
  3. Black (Non-Hispanic)

41.9% of Cooks are White (Non-Hispanic), making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 19.6% of Cooks, White (Hispanic) is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Cooks.

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Age by Gender

32.6
AVERAGE MALE AGE
± 0.277
40.7
AVERAGE FEMALE AGE
± 0.38

The median age of Cooks is 35.9, and Male employees are generally 8.11 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Cooks from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Cooks is Business but a relatively high number of Cooks hold a major in Personal & Culinary Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degree-majorss. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree-majors obtained.
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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Cooks from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Cooks need many skills, but most especially Service Orientation, Critical Thinking, and Management of Material Resources. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Cooks need more than the average amount of Operation and Control, Operation Monitoring, and Quality Control Analysis.

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