Waiters & waitresses

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Total Workforce
2.23M
Average Age
29.9
Average Salary
$18,137
Average Male Salary
$21,588
Average Female Salary
$16,661

About

Waiters & waitresses are most often employed by the Restaurants & Food Services industry. The average yearly wage for Waiters & waitresses was $18,137 in 2016. The top 3 most similar occupations to Waiters & waitresses by wage are Library technicians, Library assistants, clerical, and Cooks.

The top 3 locations that employ the most Waiters & waitresses are Spring Valley & Summerlin South PUMA, NV, Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY, and Riverside City (West) PUMA, CA. The top 3 locations with a relatively high concentration of Waiters & waitresses are Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY, Between Loop TX-1604 & Loop I-410 PUMA, TX (79500US4805910), and Between Loop I-610 & Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX (79500US4804613).

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Waiters & waitresses and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Waiters & waitresses, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Waiters & waitresses, by average wage, is Other personal services. Waiters & waitresses are paid most in Malden & Medford Cities PUMA, MA but are relatively concentrated in Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$18,137
AVERAGE SALARY
± $318

In 2018, Waiters & waitresses earned an average of $18,137, $35,751 less than than the average national salary of $53,888.

Cooks make somewhat more than Waiters & waitresses while Library technicians make somewhat less. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Waiters & waitresses as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.409
WAGE GINI

In 2018, Waiters & waitresses had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.409, which is lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Waiters & waitresses (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Waiters & waitresses.

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Spatial Concentration

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Waiters & waitresses.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries employing Waiters & waitresses, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services, Traveler accommodation, and Amusement & Recreation.

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Industries by Share

2.23M
2018 Workforce
± 36,420
0.0669%
1 YEAR GROWTH
± 2.3%

The number of people employed as Waiters & waitresses has been growing at a rate of 0.0669%, from 2,232,456 people in 2017 to 2,233,949 people in 2018.

This graphic shows the share of Waiters & waitresses employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Waiters & waitresses at  91.3%, followed by Traveler accommodation with 2.74% and Amusement & Recreation with 2.29%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Waiters & waitresses in the US. The average age of male Waiters & waitresses in the workforce is 29.3 and of female Waiters & waitresses is 30.1, and the most common race/ethnicity for Waiters & waitresses is White (Non-Hispanic).

Gender Composition

669k
MALE WORKFORCE
± 20,041
1.56M
FEMALE WORKFORCE
± 30,549

70% of Waiters & waitresses are Female, making them the more common gender in the occupation. This chart shows the gender breakdown of Waiters & waitresses.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Waiters & waitresses
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
  2. White (Hispanic)
  3. Black (Non-Hispanic)

57.8% of Waiters & waitresses are White (Non-Hispanic), making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 14.5% of Waiters & waitresses, White (Hispanic) is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Waiters & waitresses.

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Age by Gender

29.3
AVERAGE MALE AGE
± 0.35
30.1
AVERAGE FEMALE AGE
± 0.247

The median age of Waiters & waitresses is 29.9, and Male employees are generally 0.86 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Waiters & waitresses from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Waiters & waitresses is Business but a relatively high number of Waiters & waitresses hold a major in Communication Technologies.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degree-majorss. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree-majors obtained.
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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Waiters & waitresses from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Waiters & waitresses need many skills, but most especially Active Listening, Service Orientation, and Social Perceptiveness. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Waiters & waitresses need more than the average amount of Service Orientation, Social Perceptiveness, and Coordination.

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