Delaware

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Population

967,171

0.544% growth

Median Age

41.1


Median Household Income

$64,805

3.11% growth

Poverty Rate

12.1%


Number of Employees

449,562

5.25% growth

Median Property Value

$255,300

0.989% growth

About

In 2018, Delaware had a population of 967k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $64,805. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Delaware grew from 961,939 to 967,171, a 0.544% increase and its median household income grew from $62,852 to $64,805, a 3.11% increase.

The population of Delaware is 61.8% White Alone, 21.8% Black or African American Alone, and 9.51% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Delaware speak a non-English language, and 95% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Delaware are University of Delaware (6,050 degrees awarded in 2017), Wilmington University (4,520 degrees), and Delaware Technical Community College-Terry (1,834 degrees).

The median property value in Delaware is $255,300, and the homeownership rate is 71%. Most people in Delaware commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Delaware is 2 cars per household.

Delaware borders Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Delaware employs 450k people. The largest industries in Delaware are Elementary & secondary schools (33,946 people), Restaurants & Food Services (29,801 people), and Construction (27,356 people), and the highest paying industries are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($167,848), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($154,122), and Plastics product manufacturing ($148,159).

Median household income in Delaware is $64,805. Males in Delaware have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,013. The income inequality in Delaware (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$64,805

2018 value

± $1,570

3.11%

1 Year Growth

± 4.47%

Households in Delaware have a median annual income of $64,805, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,852 in 2017, which represents a 3.11% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Delaware compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$65,937

Average Male Salary

± $3,944

$55,013

Average Female Salary

± $3,554

In 2018, full-time male employees in Delaware made 1.2 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Delaware by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $89,980 ± $20,891

  2. White

    $53,149 ± $2,670

  3. Black

    $44,448 ± $3,995

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Delaware workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.69 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Delaware by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.478

2018 Wage GINI

0.477

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Delaware was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.374% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Delaware was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Delaware in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Delaware across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Delaware was New Castle County, DE with a value of $69,479, followed by Sussex County, DE and Kent County, DE, with respective values of $60,277 and $54,419.

The following map shows all of the counties in Delaware colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Delaware (111k out of 918k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    59,997 ± 1,677

  2. Black

    37,039 ± 1,436

  3. Hispanic

    20,127 ± 1,027

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Delaware is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

450k

2018 Value

5.25%

1 Year growth

± 5.25%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Delaware grew at a rate of 5.25%, from 427k employees to 450k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Delaware, are Retail salespersons (12,200 people), Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (11,445 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (11,304 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Delaware.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Delaware, by number of employees, are Retail salespersons (12,200 people), Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (11,445 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (11,304 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Delaware has an unusually high number of residents working as Office machine operators, except computer (8.49 times higher than expected), Ship & boat captains & operators (6.43 times), and Chemists & materials scientists (5.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Delaware, by average salary, are Physicians ($315,101), Chief executives & legislators ($223,903), and Physician assistants ($216,421).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

450k

2018 Value

5.25%

1 Year growth

± 5.25%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Delaware grew at a rate of 5.25%, from 427k employees to 450k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Delaware, are Elementary & secondary schools (33,946 people), Restaurants & Food Services (29,801 people), and Construction (27,356 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Delaware, though some of these residents may live in Delaware and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Delaware, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (33,946 people), Restaurants & Food Services (29,801 people), and Construction (27,356 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Delaware has an unusually high number of Agricultural chemical manufacturing (7.31 times higher than expected), Nonferrous metal (except aluminum) production & processing (4.7 times), and Animal slaughtering & processing (3.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Delaware, by average salary, are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($167,848), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($154,122), and Plastics product manufacturing ($148,159).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Delaware to other states, or from other states to Delaware.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.6B

  2. $6.24B

  3. $5.09B

In 2015, the top outbound Delaware product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $14.6B, followed by Basic chemicals ($6.24B) and Gasoline ($5.09B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Delaware products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$51.9B

2020 Value

$80.6B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Delaware trade was $51.9B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $80.6B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Delaware trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Delaware to other states, or from other states to Delaware.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $5.92B

  2. $4.9B

  3. $3.76B

In 2015, the top outbound Delaware domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $5.92B, followed by Ohio with $4.9B and Massachusetts and $3.76B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Delaware shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Delaware has health coverage, with 51.4% on employee plans, 14.7% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 1.97% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Delaware was $10,254 in 2014. This is a 5% increase from the previous year ($9,766).

Primary care physicians in Delaware see 1403 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.52% increase from the previous year (1382 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2074 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 433 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kent County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, Kent County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,403 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Delaware see an average of 1,403 patients per year. This represents a 1.52% increase from the previous year (1,382 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Delaware in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$10,254

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,806

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,921

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,460

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Delaware (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5%, from $9,766 to $10,254.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.41%

Uninsured

51.4%

Employer Coverage

14.7%

Medicaid

13.6%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

1.97%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Delaware declined by 4.52% from 5.67% to 5.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Delaware changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.5% prevalence

  3. 9.8% prevalence

Kent County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Delaware, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Delaware by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Delaware is home to a population of 967k people, from which 95% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.94% of Delaware residents were born outside of the country (86k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Delaware is composed of 598k White Alone residents (61.8%), 211k Black or African American Alone residents (21.8%), 92k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.51%), 38.9k Asian Alone residents (4.02%), 21.8k Two or More Races residents (2.26%), 3.4k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.351%), 1.26k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.13%), and 820 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0848%).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Delaware was 41.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Delaware are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Delaware residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.94%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

86k people

8.67%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

82.6k people

As of 2017, 8.94% of Delaware residents (86k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Delaware was 8.67%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Delaware compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    13,884 ± 2,872 people

  2. India

    10,281 ± 2,476 people

  3. Guatemala

    9,399 ± 2,369 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Delaware was Mexico, the natal country of 13,884 Delaware residents, followed by India with 10,281 and Guatemala with 9,399.

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Citizenship

95%

2018 Citizenship

94.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95% of Delaware residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Delaware was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Delaware compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    598k ± 652

  2. Black or African American Alone

    211k ± 3k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    92k ± 6.53k

In 2018, there were 2.84 times more White Alone residents (598k people) in Delaware than any other race or ethnicity. There were 211k Black or African American Alone and 92k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Delaware as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    23,794 ± 1,769

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,053 ± 1,791

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    9,458 ± 1,873

Delaware has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Delaware awarded 15,043 degrees. The student population of Delaware is skewed towards women, with 24,014 male students and 37,339 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Delaware are White (8,162 and 61.8%), followed by Black or African American (2,576 and 19.5%), Hispanic or Latino (846 and 6.41%), and Unknown (691 and 5.23%).

The largest universities in Delaware by number of degrees awarded are University of Delaware (6,050 and 40.2%), Wilmington University (4,520 and 30%), and Delaware Technical Community College-Terry (1,834 and 12.2%).

The most popular majors in Delaware are General Business Administration & Management (924 and 6.14%), Information Resources Management (709 and 4.71%), and Registered Nursing (630 and 4.19%).

The median tuition costs in Delaware are $23,850 for private four year colleges, and $7,038 and $16,074 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 435 degrees awarded

  2. 413 degrees awarded

  3. 291 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Delaware was Nursing Practice with 435 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Delaware according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,050 degrees awarded

  2. 4,520 degrees awarded

  3. 1,834 degrees awarded

$7,038

Median In-State Public

$23,850

Median Private

In 2017, the Delaware institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Delaware with 6,050 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,645

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,398

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,645 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Delaware, which is 0.601 times less than the 9,398 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Delaware by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,162 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,576 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    846 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Delaware were to White students. These 8,162 degrees mean that there were 3.17 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,576 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Delaware was $255,300 in 2018, which is 1.11 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $252,800 to $255,300, a 0.989% increase. The homeownership rate in Delaware is 71%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Delaware have an average commute time of 24.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Delaware is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$255,300

2018 Median

± $5,345

$252,800

2017 Median

± $5,052

In 2018, the median property value in Delaware grew to to $255,300 from the previous year's value of $252,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Delaware compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Delaware the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$64,805

Median Household Income

± $1,570

368k

Number of Households

± 9,648

In 2018, the median household income of the 368k households in Delaware grew to $64,805 from the previous year's value of $62,852.

The following chart displays the households in Delaware distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Delaware distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Delaware the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71%

2018 Homeownership

70.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 71% of the housing units in Delaware were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Delaware compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Delaware have a shorter commute time (24.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.9% of the workforce in Delaware have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Delaware compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.12%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.69%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Delaware was Drove Alone (79.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.12%) and those who Worked At Home (5.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Delaware distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Delaware have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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