Fairfax County, VA

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Population

1.15M

0.206% growth

Poverty Rate

6.14%


Median Age

38


Median Household Income

$122,227

3.34% growth

Number of Employees

619,552

0.573% growth

Median Property Value

$569,000

0.353% growth

About

In 2018, Fairfax County, VA had a population of 1.15M people with a median age of 38 and a median household income of $122,227. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Fairfax County, VA grew from 1.15M to 1.15M, a 0.206% increase and its median household income grew from $118,279 to $122,227, a 3.34% increase.

The population of Fairfax County, VA is 50.1% White Alone, 19.2% Asian Alone, and 16.4% Hispanic or Latino. 39.2% of the people in Fairfax County, VA speak a non-English language, and 87% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fairfax County, VA are George Mason University (9,254 degrees awarded in 2017), Northern Virginia Community College (7,443 degrees), and Stratford University (1,256 degrees).

The median property value in Fairfax County, VA is $569,000, and the homeownership rate is 68.9%. Most people in Fairfax County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Fairfax County, VA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Virginia compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Fairfax County, VA employs 620k people. The largest industries in Fairfax County, VA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (136,247 people), Public Administration (71,981 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (57,816 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($113,847), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($100,643), and Information ($100,304).

Median household income in Fairfax County, VA is $122,227. Males in Fairfax County, VA have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,156. The income inequality in Fairfax County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$122,227

2018 value

± $2,180

3.34%

1 Year Growth

± 3.24%

Households in Fairfax County, VA have a median annual income of $122,227, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $118,279 in 2017, which represents a 3.34% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Fairfax County, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$77,546

Average Male Salary

± $1,392

$58,156

Average Female Salary

± $1,080

In 2018, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,631 ± $2,938

  2. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $68,532 ± $39,047

  3. White

    $64,990 ± $1,071

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fairfax County, VA is from Virginia.

0.48

2018 Wage GINI

0.477

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.451% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Virginia was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4701

  2. Census Tract 4602

  3. Census Tract 4703

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fairfax County, VA was Census Tract 4701 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 4602 and Census Tract 4703, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fairfax County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fairfax County, VA (69.5k out of 1.13M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    34,673 ± 1,436

  2. Hispanic

    19,535 ± 1,280

  3. Asian

    12,844 ± 889

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fairfax County, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

620k

2018 Value

± 12,449

0.573%

1 Year growth

± 2.86%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Fairfax County, VA grew at a rate of 0.573%, from 616k employees to 620k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fairfax County, VA, are Management Occupations (91,230 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (69,602 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (63,978 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fairfax County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fairfax County, VA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (91,230 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (69,602 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (63,978 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fairfax County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (3.39 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (2.71 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fairfax County, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($151,989), Management Occupations ($116,124), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($103,333).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

620k

2018 Value

± 12,449

0.573%

1 Year growth

± 2.86%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Fairfax County, VA grew at a rate of 0.573%, from 616k employees to 620k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fairfax County, VA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (136,247 people), Public Administration (71,981 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (57,816 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fairfax County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Fairfax County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fairfax County, VA, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (136,247 people), Public Administration (71,981 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (57,816 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Fairfax County, VA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.92 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.54 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fairfax County, VA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($113,847), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($100,643), and Information ($100,304).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.8% of the population of Fairfax County, VA has health coverage, with 58.4% on employee plans, 6.03% on Medicaid, 8.36% on Medicare, 15.2% on non-group plans, and 3.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Fairfax County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Fairfax County, VA see 964 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.823% decrease from the previous year (972 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 968 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 641 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

964 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Fairfax County, VA see an average of 964 patients per year. This represents a 0.823% decrease from the previous year (972 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fairfax County, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.18%

Uninsured

58.4%

Employer Coverage

6.03%

Medicaid

8.36%

Medicare

15.2%

Non-Group

3.81%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fairfax County, VA declined by 7.04% from 8.8% to 8.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fairfax County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fairfax County, VA is home to a population of 1.15M people, from which 87% are citizens. As of 2017, 30.8% of Fairfax County, VA residents were born outside of the country (353k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fairfax County, VA is composed of 577k White Alone residents (50.1%), 221k Asian Alone residents (19.2%), 189k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.4%), 108k Black or African American Alone residents (9.39%), 50.6k Two or More Races residents (4.39%), 4.41k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.383%), 868 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0754%), and 794 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.069%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fairfax County, VA are Spanish (150,352 speakers), Korean (34,853 speakers), and Arabic (27,245 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Fairfax County, VA was 38. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Fairfax County, VA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Fairfax County, VA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

30.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

353k people

30.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

343k people

As of 2017, 30.8% of Fairfax County, VA residents (353k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fairfax County, VA was 30.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fairfax County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    128,320 ± 8,728 people

  2. India

    95,761 ± 7,555 people

  3. Philippines

    59,845 ± 5,985 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 128,320 Virginia residents, followed by India with 95,761 and Philippines with 59,845.

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Citizenship

87%

2018 Citizenship

85.6%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87% of Fairfax County, VA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Fairfax County, VA was 85.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fairfax County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    577k ± 660

  2. Asian Alone

    221k ± 5.01k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    189k ± 11.9k

In 2018, there were 2.61 times more White Alone residents (577k people) in Fairfax County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 221k Asian Alone and 189k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fairfax County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    150,352 speakers (14%)

  2. Korean

    34,853 speakers (3.23%)

  3. Arabic

    27,245 speakers (2.53%)

39.2% of Fairfax County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Fairfax County, VA was Spanish. 14% of the overall population of Fairfax County, VA are native Spanish speakers. 3.23% speak Korean and 2.53% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    28,592 ± 2,331

  2. Vietnam

    15,889 ± 1,229

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    13,594 ± 1,595

Fairfax County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Fairfax County, VA awarded 19,768 degrees. The student population of Fairfax County, VA is skewed towards women, with 43,600 male students and 48,634 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fairfax County, VA are White (7,950 and 44.2%), followed by Asian (3,209 and 17.9%), Hispanic or Latino (2,734 and 15.2%), and Black or African American (2,688 and 15%).

The largest universities in Fairfax County, VA by number of degrees awarded are George Mason University (9,254 and 46.8%), Northern Virginia Community College (7,443 and 37.7%), and Stratford University (1,256 and 6.35%).

The most popular majors in Fairfax County, VA are General Studies (1,501 and 7.59%), General Business Administration & Management (1,487 and 7.52%), and Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (1,269 and 6.42%).

The median tuition costs in Fairfax County, VA are $9,408 for private four year colleges, and $8,672 and $31,118 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,501 degrees awarded

  2. 907 degrees awarded

  3. 538 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Fairfax County, VA was General Studies with 1,501 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Fairfax County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,254 degrees awarded

  2. 7,443 degrees awarded

  3. 1,256 degrees awarded

$8,672

Median In-State Public

$9,408

Median Private

In 2017, the Fairfax County, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was George Mason University with 9,254 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,819

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,949

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 8,819 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fairfax County, VA, which is 0.805 times less than the 10,949 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Fairfax County, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,950 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    3,209 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2,734 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fairfax County, VA were to White students. These 7,950 degrees mean that there were 2.48 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 3,209 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fairfax County, VA was $569,000 in 2018, which is 2.48 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $567,000 to $569,000, a 0.353% increase. The homeownership rate in Fairfax County, VA is 68.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fairfax County, VA have an average commute time of 30.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fairfax County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$569,000

2018 Median

± $7,010

$567,000

2017 Median

± $6,988

In 2018, the median property value in Fairfax County, VA grew to to $569,000 from the previous year's value of $567,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fairfax County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fairfax County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$122,227

Median Household Income

± $2,180

397k

Number of Households

± 9,082

In 2018, the median household income of the 397k households in Fairfax County, VA grew to $122,227 from the previous year's value of $118,279.

The following chart displays the households in Fairfax County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fairfax County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fairfax County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.9%

2018 Homeownership

67%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.9% of the housing units in Fairfax County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fairfax County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

30.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fairfax County, VA have a longer commute time (30.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.55% of the workforce in Fairfax County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fairfax County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.5%

  2. Public Transit

    9.79%

  3. Carpooled

    9.42%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Fairfax County, VA was Drove Alone (70.5%), followed by those who Public Transit (9.79%) and those who Carpooled (9.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fairfax County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fairfax County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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