Idaho

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Population

1.75M

2.17% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Median Age

36.8


Median Household Income

$55,583

6.43% growth

Number of Employees

758,121

2.23% growth

Median Property Value

$233,100

12.6% growth

About

In 2018, Idaho had a population of 1.75M people with a median age of 36.8 and a median household income of $55,583. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Idaho grew from 1.72M to 1.75M, a 2.17% increase and its median household income grew from $52,225 to $55,583, a 6.43% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Idaho are White (Non-Hispanic) (81.8%), White (Hispanic) (8.12%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (3.29%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.2%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.49%). N/A% of the people in Idaho speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Idaho are Brigham Young University-Idaho (6,057 degrees awarded in 2017), Boise State University (4,706 degrees), and University of Idaho (2,666 degrees).

The median property value in Idaho is $233,100, and the homeownership rate is 70.7%. Most people in Idaho commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Idaho is 2 cars per household.

Idaho borders Washington, Utah, Oregon, Montana, Wyoming, and Nevada.

About the photo: State Capitol, Boise, ID

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Idaho, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

false

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Idaho (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Idaho across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Idaho employs 758k people. The largest industries in Idaho are Construction (56,391 people), Restaurants & Food Services (45,842 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (44,027 people), and the highest paying industries are Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers ($138,669), Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($110,045), and Data processing, hosting & related services ($104,667).

Median household income in Idaho is $55,583. Males in Idaho have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,804. The income inequality in Idaho (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,583

2018 value

± $915

6.43%

1 Year Growth

± 2.2%

Households in Idaho have a median annual income of $55,583, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,225 in 2017, which represents a 6.43% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Idaho compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$59,517

Average Male Salary

± $2,604

$42,804

Average Female Salary

± $1,919

In 2018, full-time male employees in Idaho made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $79,371 ± $63,974

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $62,689 ± $31,368

  3. White

    $45,000 ± $1,523

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Idaho workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.471

2018 Wage GINI

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.912% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Idaho was Ada County, ID with a value of $66,405, followed by Bonneville County, ID and Kootenai County, ID, with respective values of $58,729 and $55,236.

The following map shows all of the counties in Idaho colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Idaho (236k out of 1.63M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    202,504 ± 3,680

  2. Hispanic

    44,855 ± 1,721

  3. Other

    10,692 ± 886

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Idaho is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

758k

2018 Value

2.23%

1 Year growth

± 2.23%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Idaho grew at a rate of 2.23%, from 742k employees to 758k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Idaho, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (22,908 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (21,032 people), and Retail salespersons (19,121 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Idaho.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Idaho, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (22,908 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (21,032 people), and Retail salespersons (19,121 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Idaho has an unusually high number of residents working as Agricultural & food scientists (6.72 times higher than expected), Rehabilitation counselors (6.55 times), and Logging workers (5.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Idaho, by average salary, are Physicians ($273,303), Architectural & engineering managers ($200,658), and Dentists ($177,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

758k

2018 Value

2.23%

1 Year growth

± 2.23%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Idaho grew at a rate of 2.23%, from 742k employees to 758k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Idaho, are Construction (56,391 people), Restaurants & Food Services (45,842 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (44,027 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Idaho, though some of these residents may live in Idaho and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Idaho, by number of employees, are Construction (56,391 people), Restaurants & Food Services (45,842 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (44,027 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Idaho has an unusually high number of Forestry except logging (9.08 times higher than expected), Fruit & vegetable preserving & specialty food manufacturing (7.24 times), and Dairy product manufacturing (7.2 times) industries.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.9B

  2. $5.23B

  3. $4.79B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $11.9B, followed by Electronics ($5.23B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.79B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$60.8B

2020 Value

$82.2B

Projected 2045 Value

35% growth

In 2020, total outbound Idaho trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 35% to $82.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $6.86B

  2. $3.44B

  3. $2.28B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $6.86B, followed by California with $3.44B and Utah and $2.28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.9% of the population of Idaho has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 14.3% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 2.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Idaho was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Idaho see 1555 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.321% decrease from the previous year (1560 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1541 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 523 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.3%). Additionally, Minidoka County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,555 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Idaho see an average of 1,555 patients per year. This represents a 0.321% decrease from the previous year (1,560 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Idaho in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$6,927

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,560

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,069

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,737

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.1%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

14.3%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

16.5%

Non-Group

2.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Idaho grew by 0.366% from 10.1% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Idaho changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.3% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 11.1% prevalence

Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 11.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Idaho is home to a population of 1.75M people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.74% of Idaho residents were born outside of the country (98.5k people).

In 2018, there were 10.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.43M people) in Idaho than any other race or ethnicity. There were 142k White (Hispanic) and 57.8k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Idaho was 36.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Idaho are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Idaho residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

98.5k people

5.81%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

97.8k people

As of 2017, 5.74% of Idaho residents (98.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Idaho was 5.81%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Idaho compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    54,726 ± 5,653 people

  2. Canada

    5,772 ± 1,862 people

  3. Philippines

    5,114 ± 1,753 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Idaho was Mexico, the natal country of 54,726 Idaho residents, followed by Canada with 5,772 and Philippines with 5,114.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2018 Citizenship

96.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.6% of Idaho residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Idaho was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Idaho compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Idaho

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    1.43M ± 1.13k

  2. White (Hispanic)

    142k ± 8.2k

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    57.8k ± 7.53k

In 2018, there were 10.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.43M people) in Idaho than any other race or ethnicity. There were 142k White (Hispanic) and 57.8k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Idaho as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    43,748 ± 2,652

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    24,245 ± 2,859

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    16,970 ± 2,274

Idaho has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Idaho awarded 23,231 degrees. The student population of Idaho is skewed towards women, with 56,907 male students and 76,441 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Idaho are White (17,791 and 79.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,969 and 8.85%), Unknown (900 and 4.04%), and Two or More Races (703 and 3.16%).

The largest universities in Idaho by number of degrees awarded are Brigham Young University-Idaho (6,057 and 26.1%), Boise State University (4,706 and 20.3%), and University of Idaho (2,666 and 11.5%).

The most popular majors in Idaho are General Studies (2,576 and 11.1%), General Business Administration & Management (1,217 and 5.24%), and Registered Nursing (1,061 and 4.57%).

The median tuition costs in Idaho are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $5,386 and $20,280 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 863 degrees awarded

  2. 779 degrees awarded

  3. 555 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Idaho was General Business Administration & Management with 863 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Idaho according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,057 degrees awarded

  2. 4,706 degrees awarded

  3. 2,666 degrees awarded

$5,386

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2017, the Idaho institution with the largest number of graduating students was Brigham Young University-Idaho with 6,057 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9,739

Degrees Awarded to Men

13,492

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 9,739 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Idaho, which is 0.722 times less than the 13,492 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Idaho by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    17,791 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,969 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    900 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Idaho were to White students. These 17,791 degrees mean that there were 9.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,969 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Idaho was $233,100 in 2018, which is 1.01 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $207,100 to $233,100, a 12.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Idaho is 70.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Idaho have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Idaho is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$233,100

2018 Median

± $3,293

$207,100

2017 Median

± $3,368

In 2018, the median property value in Idaho grew to to $233,100 from the previous year's value of $207,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Idaho compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Idaho the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,583

Median Household Income

± $915

640k

Number of Households

± 13,275

In 2018, the median household income of the 640k households in Idaho grew to $55,583 from the previous year's value of $52,225.

The following chart displays the households in Idaho distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Idaho distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Idaho the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.7%

2018 Homeownership

69.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 70.7% of the housing units in Idaho were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Idaho compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Idaho have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.67% of the workforce in Idaho have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Idaho compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.94%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.21%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Idaho was Drove Alone (79.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.94%) and those who Worked At Home (6.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Idaho distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Idaho have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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