Jackson County, IL

County

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2022 Population
53,176
0.932% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
32.6
0.617% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
23%
3.71% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$44,847
7.55% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$123,400
9.49% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
23,523
1.99% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jackson County, IL had a population of 53.2k people with a median age of 32.6 and a median household income of $44,847. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jackson County, IL declined from 53,676 to 53,176, a −0.932% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,699 to $44,847, a 7.55% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (73%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (14.4%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.64%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.43%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.09%).

None of the households in Jackson County, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.5% of the residents in Jackson County, IL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, IL are Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (3,109 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Jackson County, IL was $123,400, and the homeownership rate was 48.5%.

Most people in Jackson County, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, IL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jackson County, IL is home to a population of 53.2k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.67% of Jackson County, IL residents were born outside of the country (3.02k people).

In 2022, there were 5.06 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (38.8k people) in Jackson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.68k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.94k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.5%
2022 Citizenship
96.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.5% of Jackson County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, IL was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson County, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    38.8k ± 261
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    7.68k ± 306
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.94k ± 115
4.68%
Hispanic Population
2.49k people

In 2022, there were 5.06 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (38.8k people) in Jackson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.68k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.94k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.68% of the people in Jackson County, IL are hispanic (2.49k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    622,347 ± 18,890 people
  2. India
    165,336 ± 9,918 people
  3. Poland
    123,006 ± 8,569 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 622,347 Illinois residents, followed by India with 165,336 and Poland with 123,006.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.67%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.02k people
5.73%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.07k people

As of 2022, 5.67% of Jackson County, IL residents (3.02k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, IL was 5.73%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    938 ± 141
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    662 ± 177
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    453 ± 125

Jackson County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jackson County, IL employs 23.5k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, IL are Educational Services (4,393 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,968 people), and Retail Trade (3,180 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,864), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($77,083), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($66,758).

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,581. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

23.5k
2022 Value
± 1,085
1.99%
1 Year growth
± 6.58%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson County, IL grew at a rate of 1.99%, from 23.1k employees to 23.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, IL, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (3,103 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,657 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,997 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, IL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

23.5k
2022 Value
± 1,085
1.99%
1 Year growth
± 6.58%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson County, IL grew at a rate of 1.99%, from 23.1k employees to 23.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, IL, are Educational Services (4,393 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,968 people), and Retail Trade (3,180 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$33,756
Median earning men ± $3,194
$28,311
Median earning women ± $2,326

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($75,000), Public Administration ($67,334), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,978).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($47,679), Public Administration ($47,059), and Information ($43,125).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
2.47%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 2.47% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 573
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 385
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 294
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jackson County, IL went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 49.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (48.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.37%).

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jackson County, IL awarded 3,109 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, IL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 5,440 male students and 5,667 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, IL are White (2,116 and 73%), followed by Black or African American (333 and 11.5%), Hispanic or Latino (253 and 8.73%), and Asian (93 and 3.21%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (3,109 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, IL are Airway Management & Operations (121 and 3.89%), Trade & Industrial Teacher Education (110 and 3.54%), and Radiation Therapist (110 and 3.54%).

The median tuition cost in Jackson County, IL for a public four year colleges is $9,638 for in-state students and $9,638 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jackson County, IL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 91.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 17%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 11,107 (49% men and 51% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 11,107 students enrolled in Jackson County, IL, 49% men and 51% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 7,084 records, of which 51.1% were women and 48.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 121 degrees awarded
  2. 94 degrees awarded
  3. 89 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson County, IL was Airway Management & Operations with 121 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
3,109 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Illinois University-Carbondale with 3,109 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,590 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, IL, which is 1.05 times more than the 1,519 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 2,116 degrees mean that there were 6.35 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 333 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($9,638) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($5,778) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,100) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Measure

In 2022, 1.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.01% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.62M), Some college (2.15M), and Bachelors Degree (2.1M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, IL was $123,400 in 2022, which is 0.438 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $112,700 to $123,400, a 9.49% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, IL is 48.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jackson County, IL have an average commute time of 20.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson County, IL is $44,847. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jackson County, IL was Census Tract 116 with a value of $85,521, followed by Census Tract 104 and Census Tract 101, with respective values of $71,574 and $70,107.

In 2022, 19.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jackson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.289%.

Property

$123,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,935
$11,208
Median Property Taxes
±$596

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.5%
Homeownership
2022
64%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.5% of the housing units in Jackson County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 49.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 116
  2. Census Tract 104
  3. Census Tract 101

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, IL was Census Tract 116 with a value of $85,521, followed by Census Tract 104 and Census Tract 101, with respective values of $71,574 and $70,107.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$44,847
Median Household Income
± $2,947
23.1k
Number of Households
± 1,062

In 2022, the median household income of the 23.1k households in Jackson County, IL grew to $44,847 from the previous year's value of $41,699.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, IL is from Illinois.
0.477
2022 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.478
2021 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2022, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.371% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Illinois was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.6%)
  2. Carpooled (10.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.63%)

In 2022, 74.6% of workers in Jackson County, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.6%) and those who worked at home (6.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, IL have a shorter commute time (20.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.9% of the workforce in Jackson County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, IL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 19.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jackson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.289%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

23% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, IL (11.4k out of 49.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, IL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 24.2% of the children was living in poverty in Jackson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 6.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 419 in Jackson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 132 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

92.9% of the population of Jackson County, IL has health coverage, with 40% on employee plans, 22.6% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 1.74% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, IL see 709 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.22% decrease from the previous year (756 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1232 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 305 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.2% were men and 51.8% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

709 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jackson County, IL

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, IL see an average of 709 patients per year. This represents a 6.22% decrease from the previous year (756 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.2% under 18 years, 32% between 18 and 34 years, 31% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.2% were men and 51.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.1%
Uninsured
40%
Employer Coverage
22.6%
Medicaid
11.2%
Medicare
17.4%
Non-Group
1.74%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, IL declined by 0.487% from 7.14% to 7.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 75.9 in Jackson County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jackson County, IL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 38.8% in Jackson County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jackson County, IL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.31% in Jackson County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jackson County, IL.

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