Jefferson County, AR

County

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2022 Population
66,934
1.85% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
39.5
0.253% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
19.5%
0.446% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$46,855
7.17% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$105,300
16.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
25,490
1.31% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jefferson County, AR had a population of 66.9k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $46,855. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jefferson County, AR declined from 68,199 to 66,934, a −1.85% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,720 to $46,855, a 7.17% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, AR are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (56%), White (Non-Hispanic) (37.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.31%), Other (Hispanic) (1.2%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.781%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.1% of the residents in Jefferson County, AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AR are Southeast Arkansas College (515 degrees awarded in 2022), University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (387 degrees), and Jefferson Regional School of Nursing (44 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jefferson County, AR was $105,300, and the homeownership rate was 63.3%.

Most people in Jefferson County, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jefferson County, AR is home to a population of 66.9k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.75% of Jefferson County, AR residents were born outside of the country (1.17k people).

In 2022, there were 1.48 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (37.5k people) in Jefferson County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.3k White (Non-Hispanic) and 1.55k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.1%
2022 Citizenship
99.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.1% of Jefferson County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, AR was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, AR
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    37.5k ± 481
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    25.3k ± 217
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.55k ± 491
2.38%
Hispanic Population
1.59k people

In 2022, there were 1.48 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (37.5k people) in Jefferson County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.3k White (Non-Hispanic) and 1.55k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.38% of the people in Jefferson County, AR are hispanic (1.59k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    62,018 ± 6,050 people
  2. El Salvador
    15,360 ± 3,035 people
  3. India
    9,985 ± 2,449 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,018 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 15,360 and India with 9,985.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.75%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.17k people
1.57%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.07k people

As of 2022, 1.75% of Jefferson County, AR residents (1.17k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, AR was 1.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,285 ± 214
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    805 ± 264
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    705 ± 211

Jefferson County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.6 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, AR employs 25.5k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, AR are Manufacturing (4,070 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,929 people), and Retail Trade (2,942 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($50,846), Finance & Insurance ($45,255), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($43,065).

Males in Arkansas have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,335. The income inequality in Arkansas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

25.5k
2022 Value
± 1,298
1.31%
1 Year growth
± 7.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, AR grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 25.2k employees to 25.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,614 people), Production Occupations (2,319 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,996 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

25.5k
2022 Value
± 1,298
1.31%
1 Year growth
± 7.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, AR grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 25.2k employees to 25.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, AR, are Manufacturing (4,070 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,929 people), and Retail Trade (2,942 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,542
Median earning men ± $3,158
$32,661
Median earning women ± $1,849

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($100,781), Public Administration ($59,145), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,840).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($42,705), Manufacturing ($38,566), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($36,583).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 727
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 343
    Retail Trade
  3. 338
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, AR went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 59.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.8%), followed by Other (2.19%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jefferson County, AR awarded 985 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,341 male students and 2,074 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, AR are Black or African American (679 and 70.1%), followed by White (135 and 13.9%), Hispanic or Latino (134 and 13.8%), and Asian (9 and 0.93%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AR by number of degrees awarded are Southeast Arkansas College (515 and 52.3%), University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (387 and 39.3%), and Jefferson Regional School of Nursing (44 and 4.47%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, AR are General Studies (109 and 11.1%), Registered Nursing (84 and 8.53%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (65 and 6.6%).

The median tuition cost in Jefferson County, AR for a public four year colleges is $5,640 for in-state students and $12,810 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jefferson County, AR, the percentage of applicants admitted was 69.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,415 (39.3% men and 60.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,415 students enrolled in Jefferson County, AR, 39.3% men and 60.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 2,737 records, of which 60.8% were women and 39.2% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, AR was General Biological Sciences with 37 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 515 degrees awarded
  2. 387 degrees awarded
  3. 44 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeast Arkansas College with 515 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 317 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, AR, which is 0.475 times less than the 668 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 679 degrees mean that there were 5.03 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 135 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($5,640) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,934) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,320) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.946% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.851% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (793k), Some college (528k), and Secondary Education (350k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, AR was $105,300 in 2022, which is 0.374 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $90,500 to $105,300, a 16.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, AR is 63.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jefferson County, AR have an average commute time of 20.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, AR is $46,855. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, AR was Census Tract 3.02 with a value of $87,688, followed by Census Tract 20 and Census Tract 25, with respective values of $74,838 and $70,743.

In 2022, 16.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.11%.

Property

$105,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,115
$15,371
Median Property Taxes
±$833

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

63.3%
Homeownership
2022
61.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 63.3% of the housing units in Jefferson County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 3.02
  2. Census Tract 20
  3. Census Tract 25

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, AR was Census Tract 3.02 with a value of $87,688, followed by Census Tract 20 and Census Tract 25, with respective values of $74,838 and $70,743.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,855
Median Household Income
± $2,150
24.3k
Number of Households
± 1,136

In 2022, the median household income of the 24.3k households in Jefferson County, AR grew to $46,855 from the previous year's value of $43,720.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, AR is from Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (6.31%)
  3. Carpooled (6.26%)

In 2022, 85.1% of workers in Jefferson County, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (6.31%) and those who carpooled to work (6.26%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, AR have a shorter commute time (20.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.844% of the workforce in Jefferson County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, AR have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 16.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.11%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, AR (11.8k out of 60.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females < 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, AR is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 24.7% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 9.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 1.01k in Jefferson County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 7.03 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

93.8% of the population of Jefferson County, AR has health coverage, with 37.9% on employee plans, 28.5% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AR see 1453 patients per year on average, which represents a 10.4% decrease from the previous year (1622 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2335 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 416 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.1% were men and 52.9% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,453 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, AR

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AR see an average of 1,453 patients per year. This represents a 10.4% decrease from the previous year (1,622 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, AR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.1% under 18 years, 20.4% between 18 and 34 years, 36.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 18% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.1% were men and 52.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.18%
Uninsured
37.9%
Employer Coverage
28.5%
Medicaid
13.3%
Medicare
12.8%
Non-Group
1.4%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, AR declined by 2.28% from 6.32% to 6.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 74.5 in Jefferson County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AR.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 41.5% in Jefferson County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AR.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8% in Jefferson County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AR.

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