Jefferson County, CO

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Population

580,233

0.978% growth

Median Age

40.3


Median Household Income

$85,890

6.54% growth

Poverty Rate

7.81%


Number of Employees

323,307

2.22% growth

Median Property Value

$440,200

7.87% growth

About

In 2018, Jefferson County, CO had a population of 580k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $85,890. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jefferson County, CO grew from 574,613 to 580,233, a 0.978% increase and its median household income grew from $80,616 to $85,890, a 6.54% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, CO is 77.7% White Alone, 15.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.11% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, CO speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, CO are Red Rocks Community College (2,829 degrees awarded in 2017), Colorado School of Mines (1,466 degrees), and Colorado Christian University (1,062 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, CO is $440,200, and the homeownership rate is 69.5%. Most people in Jefferson County, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, CO is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, CO employs 323k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, CO are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (38,259 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (37,122 people), and Retail Trade (33,301 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($92,269), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($82,436), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,424).

Median household income in Jefferson County, CO is $85,890. Males in Jefferson County, CO have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,774. The income inequality in Jefferson County, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$85,890

2018 value

± $2,850

6.54%

1 Year Growth

± 3.81%

Households in Jefferson County, CO have a median annual income of $85,890, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $80,616 in 2017, which represents a 6.54% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$71,627

Average Male Salary

± $1,528

$54,774

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2018, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,200 ± $6,182

  2. White

    $57,410 ± $991

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,978 ± $31,442

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, CO is from Colorado.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.24% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 120.34

  2. Census Tract 98.45

  3. Census Tract 120.36

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, CO was Census Tract 120.34 with a value of $173,000, followed by Census Tract 98.45 and Census Tract 120.36, with respective values of $145,134 and $144,079.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.81% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, CO (43.3k out of 555k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    37,489 ± 1,416

  2. Hispanic

    11,961 ± 827

  3. Two Or More

    1,489 ± 264

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

323k

2018 Value

± 8,771

2.22%

1 Year growth

± 3.69%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, CO grew at a rate of 2.22%, from 316k employees to 323k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, CO, are Management Occupations (43,424 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,962 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (31,641 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, CO, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (43,424 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,962 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (31,641 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (2.1 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.49 times), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, CO, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,128), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($88,231), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,180).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

323k

2018 Value

± 8,771

2.22%

1 Year growth

± 3.69%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, CO grew at a rate of 2.22%, from 316k employees to 323k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, CO, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (38,259 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (37,122 people), and Retail Trade (33,301 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, CO, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, CO, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (38,259 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (37,122 people), and Retail Trade (33,301 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, CO has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.24 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.57 times), and Public Administration (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, CO, by median earnings, are Utilities ($92,269), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($82,436), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,424).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35B

  2. $24.9B

  3. $18.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $35B, followed by Mixed freight ($24.9B) and Electronics ($18.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$229B

2020 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

37.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $229B. This is expected to increase 37.2% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.9B

  2. $10.6B

  3. $8.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $13.9B, followed by Nebraska with $10.6B and California and $8.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Jefferson County, CO has health coverage, with 55.1% on employee plans, 11.6% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 14.6% on non-group plans, and 1.22% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, CO see 1237 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.569% increase from the previous year (1230 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1102 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 397 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,237 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, CO see an average of 1,237 patients per year. This represents a 0.569% increase from the previous year (1,230 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, CO in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.37%

Uninsured

55.1%

Employer Coverage

11.6%

Medicaid

12.1%

Medicare

14.6%

Non-Group

1.22%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, CO declined by 0.405% from 5.39% to 5.37%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, CO is home to a population of 580k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.56% of Jefferson County, CO residents were born outside of the country (37.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, CO is composed of 451k White Alone residents (77.7%), 89.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (15.5%), 18.1k Asian Alone residents (3.11%), 10.5k Two or More Races residents (1.82%), 5.83k Black or African American Alone residents (1%), 3.12k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.537%), 1.61k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.277%), and 89 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0153%).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, CO was 40.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Jefferson County, CO are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Jefferson County, CO residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.56%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

37.7k people

6.54%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

37.4k people

As of 2017, 6.56% of Jefferson County, CO residents (37.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, CO was 6.54%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    221,927 ± 11,338 people

  2. India

    25,376 ± 3,902 people

  3. China

    18,220 ± 3,309 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 221,927 Colorado residents, followed by India with 25,376 and China with 18,220.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2018 Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.2% of Jefferson County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, CO was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    451k ± 1.15k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    89.9k ± 4.03k

  3. Asian Alone

    18.1k ± 1.07k

In 2018, there were 5.02 times more White Alone residents (451k people) in Jefferson County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 89.9k Hispanic or Latino and 18.1k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    14,324 ± 1,689

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    7,215 ± 1,449

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,205 ± 793

Jefferson County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County, CO awarded 6,172 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, CO is skewed towards women, with 11,162 male students and 11,625 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, CO are White (4,356 and 73%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (681 and 11.4%), Unknown (315 and 5.28%), and Two or More Races (246 and 4.12%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, CO by number of degrees awarded are Red Rocks Community College (2,829 and 45.8%), Colorado School of Mines (1,466 and 23.8%), and Colorado Christian University (1,062 and 17.2%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, CO are General Business Administration & Management (388 and 6.29%), Mechanical Engineering (285 and 4.62%), and Emergency Medical Technician (EMT Paramedic) (238 and 3.86%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, CO are $21,810 for private four year colleges, and $9,820 and $24,727 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Jefferson County, CO was Emergency Medical Technician (EMT Paramedic) with 186 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Jefferson County, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,829 degrees awarded

  2. 1,466 degrees awarded

  3. 1,062 degrees awarded

$9,820

Median In-State Public

$21,810

Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was Red Rocks Community College with 2,829 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,256

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,916

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,256 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, CO, which is 1.12 times more than the 2,916 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jefferson County, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,356 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    681 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    315 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, CO were to White students. These 4,356 degrees mean that there were 6.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 681 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, CO was $440,200 in 2018, which is 1.92 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $408,100 to $440,200, a 7.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, CO is 69.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, CO have an average commute time of 25.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$440,200

2018 Median

± $5,212

$408,100

2017 Median

± $6,561

In 2018, the median property value in Jefferson County, CO grew to to $440,200 from the previous year's value of $408,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $400k - $500k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$85,890

Median Household Income

± $2,850

233k

Number of Households

± 7,026

In 2018, the median household income of the 233k households in Jefferson County, CO grew to $85,890 from the previous year's value of $80,616.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

69.5%

2018 Homeownership

71.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 69.5% of the housing units in Jefferson County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, CO have a shorter commute time (25.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.56% of the workforce in Jefferson County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.9%

  2. Worked At Home

    9.42%

  3. Carpooled

    6.91%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, CO was Drove Alone (77.9%), followed by those who Worked At Home (9.42%) and those who Carpooled (6.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, CO have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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