Kennebec County, ME

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Population

121,289

0.278% growth

Poverty Rate

14.1%


Median Age

44.2


Median Household Income

$50,116

3.18% growth

Number of Employees

58,332

2.57% growth

Median Property Value

$154,500

2.25% growth

About

In 2017, Kennebec County, ME had a population of 121k people with a median age of 44.2 and a median household income of $50,116. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Kennebec County, ME grew from 120,953 to 121,289, a 0.278% increase and its median household income grew from $48,570 to $50,116, a 3.18% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Kennebec County, ME are White (Non-Hispanic) (94.9%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.32%), White (Hispanic) (1.03%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.873%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.821%). N/A% of the people in Kennebec County, ME speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kennebec County, ME are University of Maine at Augusta (632 degrees awarded in 2017), Colby College (615 degrees), and Thomas College (264 degrees).

The median property value in Kennebec County, ME is $154,500, and the homeownership rate is 70.2%. Most people in Kennebec County, ME commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Kennebec County, ME is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maine. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maine, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maine (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Maine. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maine across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Kennebec County, ME employs 58.3k people. The largest industries in Kennebec County, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,480 people), Retail Trade (7,638 people), and Educational Services (6,922 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,000), Utilities ($54,107), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,402).

Median household income in Kennebec County, ME is $50,116. Males in Kennebec County, ME have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,792. The income inequality in Kennebec County, ME (measured using the Gini index) is 0.447, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,116

2017 value

± $1,664

3.18%

1 Year Growth

± 4.19%

Households in Kennebec County, ME have a median annual income of $50,116, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,570 in 2016, which represents a 3.18% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Kennebec County, ME compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

$58,075

Average Male Salary

± $2,642

$44,792

Average Female Salary

± $1,926

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $48,746 ± $19,436

  2. White

    $43,832 ± $1,466

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,588 ± $101,474

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kennebec County, ME is from Maine.

0.447

2017 Wage GINI

0.45

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maine was 0.447 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.62% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 150

  2. Census Tract 160

  3. Census Tract 108.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kennebec County, ME was Census Tract 150 with a value of $74,559, followed by Census Tract 160 and Census Tract 108.01, with respective values of $71,000 and $70,170.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Kennebec County, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kennebec County, ME (16.6k out of 118k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,286 ± 834

  2. Two Or More

    586 ± 219

  3. Hispanic

    495 ± 175

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kennebec County, ME is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

58.3k

2017 Value

± 1,542

2.57%

1 Year growth

± 3.59%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kennebec County, ME grew at a rate of 2.57%, from 56.9k employees to 58.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kennebec County, ME, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,137 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,726 people), and Management Occupations (5,567 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kennebec County, ME.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kennebec County, ME, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,137 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,726 people), and Management Occupations (5,567 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kennebec County, ME has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.55 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.54 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kennebec County, ME, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,304), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,990), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($59,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

58.3k

2017 Value

± 1,542

2.57%

1 Year growth

± 3.59%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kennebec County, ME grew at a rate of 2.57%, from 56.9k employees to 58.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kennebec County, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,480 people), Retail Trade (7,638 people), and Educational Services (6,922 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kennebec County, ME, though some of these residents may live in Kennebec County, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kennebec County, ME, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,480 people), Retail Trade (7,638 people), and Educational Services (6,922 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kennebec County, ME has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.91 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.36 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kennebec County, ME, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,000), Utilities ($54,107), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,402).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $8.58B

  2. $3.57B

  3. $3.34B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $8.58B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.57B) and Machinery ($3.34B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maine state.

$45.4B

2020 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

25.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maine trade was $45.4B. This is expected to increase 25.2% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.76B

  2. $3.36B

  3. $2.86B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.76B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.36B and New York and $2.86B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.2% of the population of Kennebec County, ME has health coverage, with 46.9% on employee plans, 16.6% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 14.4% on non-group plans, and 2.41% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Kennebec County, ME was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Kennebec County, ME see 784 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.384% increase from the previous year (781 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1311 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 220 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

784 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kennebec County, ME see an average of 784 patients per year. This represents a 0.384% increase from the previous year (781 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kennebec County, ME in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.84%

Uninsured

46.9%

Employer Coverage

16.6%

Medicaid

11.9%

Medicare

14.4%

Non-Group

2.41%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kennebec County, ME declined by 7.44% from 8.47% to 7.84%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kennebec County, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kennebec County, ME is home to a population of 121k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.48% of Kennebec County, ME residents were born outside of the country (3k people).

In 2017, there were 71.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (115k people) in Kennebec County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.6k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 1.25k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Kennebec County, ME was 44.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Kennebec County, ME are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Kennebec County, ME residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.48%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3k people

2.41%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.92k people

As of 2017, 2.48% of Kennebec County, ME residents (3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kennebec County, ME was 2.41%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kennebec County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    9,674 ± 2,406 people

  2. Philippines

    2,503 ± 1,227 people

  3. China

    2,372 ± 1,195 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 9,674 Maine residents, followed by Philippines with 2,503 and China with 2,372.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

98.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Kennebec County, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Kennebec County, ME was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kennebec County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Kennebec County, ME

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    115k ± 33

  2. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    1.6k ± 304

  3. White (Hispanic)

    1.25k ± 171

In 2017, there were 71.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (115k people) in Kennebec County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.6k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 1.25k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Kennebec County, ME as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,564 ± 322

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,317 ± 283

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,254 ± 244

Kennebec County, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.71 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Kennebec County, ME awarded 1,752 degrees. The student population of Kennebec County, ME is skewed towards women, with 3,028 male students and 5,300 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kennebec County, ME are White (1,331 and 79.7%), followed by Unknown (106 and 6.35%), Two or More Races (73 and 4.37%), and Hispanic or Latino (55 and 3.3%).

The largest universities in Kennebec County, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Maine at Augusta (632 and 36.1%), Colby College (615 and 35.1%), and Thomas College (264 and 15.1%).

The most popular majors in Kennebec County, ME are Liberal Arts & Sciences (163 and 9.3%), General Business Administration & Management (145 and 8.28%), and Psychiatric Services Technician (98 and 5.59%).

The median tuition costs in Kennebec County, ME are $38,045 for private four year colleges, and $6,840 and $16,530 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 87 degrees awarded

  2. 128 degrees awarded

  3. 89 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Kennebec County, ME was General Economics with 87 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Kennebec County, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 632 degrees awarded

  2. 615 degrees awarded

  3. 264 degrees awarded

$6,840

Median In-State Public

$38,045

Median Private

In 2017, the Kennebec County, ME institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maine at Augusta with 632 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

614

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,138

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 614 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kennebec County, ME, which is 0.54 times less than the 1,138 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Kennebec County, ME by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,331 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    106 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    73 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kennebec County, ME were to White students. These 1,331 degrees mean that there were 12.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 106 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kennebec County, ME was $154,500 in 2017, which is 0.673 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $151,100 to $154,500, a 2.25% increase. The homeownership rate in Kennebec County, ME is 70.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kennebec County, ME have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kennebec County, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$154,500

2017 Median

± $2,833

$151,100

2016 Median

± $2,588

In 2017, the median property value in Kennebec County, ME grew to to $154,500 from the previous year's value of $151,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kennebec County, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kennebec County, ME the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,116

Median Household Income

± $1,664

51.1k

Number of Households

± 1,486

In 2017, the median household income of the 51.1k households in Kennebec County, ME grew to $50,116 from the previous year's value of $48,570.

The following chart displays the households in Kennebec County, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kennebec County, ME distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kennebec County, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

70.2%

2017 Homeownership

70.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.2% of the housing units in Kennebec County, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kennebec County, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kennebec County, ME have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.65% of the workforce in Kennebec County, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kennebec County, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.31%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Kennebec County, ME was Drove Alone (80.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.31%) and those who Worked At Home (4.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kennebec County, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kennebec County, ME have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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