Kern County, CA

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Population

893,119

0.942% growth

Median Age

31.6


Median Household Income

$49,854

0.0982% decline

Poverty Rate

22.6%


Number of Employees

341,802

1.15% growth

Median Property Value

$205,700

0.735% growth

About

In 2017, Kern County, CA had a population of 893k people with a median age of 31.6 and a median household income of $49,854. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Kern County, CA grew from 884,788 to 893,119, a 0.942% increase and its median household income declined from $49,903 to $49,854, a -0.0982% decrease.

The population of Kern County, CA is 53.4% Hispanic or Latino, 33.9% White Alone, and 4.99% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Kern County, CA speak a non-English language, and 87.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kern County, CA are Bakersfield College (2,262 degrees awarded in 2016), California State University-Bakersfield (2,237 degrees), and UEI College-Bakersfield (569 degrees).

The median property value in Kern County, CA is $205,700, and the homeownership rate is 57.9%. Most people in Kern County, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Kern County, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tejon Pass - Tehachapi Mountains in Grapevine, CA

Economy

The economy of Kern County, CA employs 342k people. The largest industries in Kern County, CA are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (43,307 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (38,886 people), and Retail Trade (37,213 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,368), Public Administration ($63,278), and Utilities ($61,338).

Median household income in Kern County, CA is $49,854. Males in Kern County, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,658. The income inequality in Kern County, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,854

2017 value

± $2,063

-0.0982%

1 Year Growth

± 5.11%

Households in Kern County, CA have a median annual income of $49,854, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,903 in 2016, which represents a -0.0982% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kern County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

$75,050

Average Male Salary

± $702

$59,658

Average Female Salary

± $597

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kern County, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kern County, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,782 ± $1,103

  2. White

    $63,110 ± $578

  3. Two or More Races

    $51,776 ± $1,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kern County, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kern County, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kern County, CA is from California.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.503

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.1% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 38.10

  2. Census Tract 28.11

  3. Census Tract 38.13

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kern County, CA was Census Tract 38.10 with a value of $139,643, followed by Census Tract 28.11 and Census Tract 38.13, with respective values of $123,932 and $116,813.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Kern County, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kern County, CA (191k out of 847k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    140,608 ± 3,070

  2. Hispanic

    122,567 ± 2,693

  3. Other

    20,973 ± 1,173

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kern County, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

342k

2017 Value

± 10,822

1.15%

1 Year growth

± 4.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kern County, CA grew at a rate of 1.15%, from 338k employees to 342k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kern County, CA, are Agricultural Workers (33,976 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (15,257 people), and Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (11,249 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kern County, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kern County, CA, by number of employees, are Agricultural Workers (33,976 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (15,257 people), and Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (11,249 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kern County, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Agricultural Workers (21 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Workers (18.9 times), and Extraction Workers (9.26 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kern County, CA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($83,750), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($80,897), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($77,156).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

342k

2017 Value

± 10,822

1.15%

1 Year growth

± 4.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kern County, CA grew at a rate of 1.15%, from 338k employees to 342k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kern County, CA, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (43,307 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (38,886 people), and Retail Trade (37,213 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kern County, CA, though some of these residents may live in Kern County, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kern County, CA, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (43,307 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (38,886 people), and Retail Trade (37,213 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kern County, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (12.6 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (7.02 times), and Utilities (1.58 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kern County, CA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,368), Public Administration ($63,278), and Utilities ($61,338).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.2% of the population of Kern County, CA has health coverage, with 37.4% on employee plans, 37.3% on Medicaid, 7.2% on Medicare, 9.15% on non-group plans, and 1.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Kern County, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Kern County, CA see 2037 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.294% decrease from the previous year (2043 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2117 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 614 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2037 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Kern County, CA see an average of 2037 patients per year. This represents a 0.294% decrease from the previous year (2043 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kern County, CA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.76%

Uninsured

37.4%

Employer Coverage

37.3%

Medicaid

7.2%

Medicare

9.15%

Non-Group

1.23%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kern County, CA grew by 8.69% from 7.14% to 7.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kern County, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kern County, CA is home to a population of 893k people, from which 87.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.6% of Kern County, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Kern County, CA is composed of 477k Hispanic or Latino residents (53.4%), 303k White Alone residents (33.9%), 44.6k Black or African American Alone residents (4.99%), 42.7k Asian Alone residents (4.78%), 17.6k Two or More Races residents (1.97%), 4.63k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.518%), 2.02k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.226%), and 1.4k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.156%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kern County, CA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Kern County, CA was 31.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Kern County, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Kern County, CA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 19.6% of Kern County, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kern County, CA was 20%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kern County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,079,391 ± 46,960 people

  2. Philippines

    859,594 ± 22,514 people

  3. China

    683,330 ± 20,119 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kern County, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,079,391 Kern County, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 859,594 and China with 683,330.

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Citizenship

87.3%

2017 Citizenship

86.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 87.3% of Kern County, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Kern County, CA was 86.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kern County, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    477k ± 12.8k

  2. White Alone

    303k ± 874

  3. Black or African American Alone

    44.6k ± 1.91k

In 2017, there were 1.58 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (477k people) in Kern County, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 303k White Alone and 44.6k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kern County, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Kern County, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Kern County, CA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Kern County, CA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    11,357 ± 1,726

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    8,219 ± 1,576

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,714 ± 1,282

Kern County, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Kern County, CA awarded 6,704 degrees. The student population of Kern County, CA is skewed towards women, with 19,914 male students and 25,158 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kern County, CA are Hispanic or Latino (3,751 and 56.6%), followed by White (1,903 and 28.7%), Asian (288 and 4.34%), and Black or African American (269 and 4.06%).

The largest universities in Kern County, CA by number of degrees awarded are Bakersfield College (2,262 and 33.7%), California State University-Bakersfield (2,237 and 33.4%), and UEI College-Bakersfield (569 and 8.49%).

The most popular majors in Kern County, CA are General Business Administration & Management (535 and 7.98%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (502 and 7.49%), and Medical Assistant (426 and 6.35%).

The median tuition costs in Kern County, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,380 and $11,914 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 284 degrees awarded

  2. 136 degrees awarded

  3. 129 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Kern County, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 284 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Kern County, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,262 degrees awarded

  2. 2,237 degrees awarded

  3. 569 degrees awarded

$3,380

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Kern County, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bakersfield College with 2,262 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,086

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,618

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,086 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kern County, CA, which is 0.452 times less than the 4,618 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Kern County, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    3,751 degrees awarded

  2. White

    1,903 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    288 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kern County, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 3,751 degrees mean that there were 1.97 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,903 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kern County, CA was $205,700 in 2017, which is 0.945 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $204,200 to $205,700, a 0.735% increase. The homeownership rate in Kern County, CA is 57.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kern County, CA have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kern County, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,854

Median Household Income

± $2,063

269k

Number of Households

± 8,899

In 2017, the median household income of the 269k households in Kern County, CA declined from $49,854 from the previous year's value of $49,903.

The following chart displays the households in Kern County, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$205,700

2017 Median

± $5,314

$204,200

2016 Median

± $6,222

In 2017, the median property value in Kern County, CA grew to to $205,700 from the previous year's value of $204,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kern County, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kern County, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kern County, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kern County, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.9%

2017 Homeownership

57%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.9% of the housing units in Kern County, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kern County, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kern County, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kern County, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kern County, CA have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.94% of the workforce in Kern County, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kern County, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.45%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Kern County, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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