Lorain County, OH

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Population

309,461

0.499% growth

Median Age

42.1


Median Household Income

$58,613

6.7% growth

Poverty Rate

13.7%


Number of Employees

147,339

4.88% growth

Median Property Value

$156,900

9.26% growth

About

In 2018, Lorain County, OH had a population of 309k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $58,613. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Lorain County, OH grew from 307,924 to 309,461, a 0.499% increase and its median household income grew from $54,932 to $58,613, a 6.7% increase.

The population of Lorain County, OH is 77.8% White Alone, 10.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.85% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Lorain County, OH speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lorain County, OH are Lorain County Community College (1,810 degrees awarded in 2017), Oberlin College (910 degrees), and Ohio Business College-Sheffield (147 degrees).

The median property value in Lorain County, OH is $156,900, and the homeownership rate is 71.8%. Most people in Lorain County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Lorain County, OH is 2 cars per household.

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Economy

The economy of Lorain County, OH employs 147k people. The largest industries in Lorain County, OH are Manufacturing (23,743 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,832 people), and Retail Trade (19,003 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($128,924), Utilities ($70,123), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,386).

Median household income in Lorain County, OH is $58,613. Males in Lorain County, OH have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,520. The income inequality in Lorain County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,613

2018 value

± $3,346

6.7%

1 Year Growth

± 6.44%

Households in Lorain County, OH have a median annual income of $58,613, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,932 in 2017, which represents a 6.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lorain County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$65,155

Average Male Salary

± $1,041

$48,520

Average Female Salary

± $780

In 2018, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,444 ± $4,429

  2. White

    $51,160 ± $663

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,079 ± $3,030

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lorain County, OH is from Ohio.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.704% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 131

  2. Census Tract 974

  3. Census Tract 132

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lorain County, OH was Census Tract 131 with a value of $115,259, followed by Census Tract 974 and Census Tract 132, with respective values of $111,069 and $84,009.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lorain County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lorain County, OH (40.5k out of 296k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    27,609 ± 1,193

  2. Black

    8,069 ± 645

  3. Hispanic

    7,353 ± 589

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lorain County, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

147k

2018 Value

± 6,222

4.88%

1 Year growth

± 5.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Lorain County, OH grew at a rate of 4.88%, from 140k employees to 147k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lorain County, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,258 people), Management Occupations (15,130 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (14,593 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lorain County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lorain County, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,258 people), Management Occupations (15,130 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (14,593 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lorain County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.58 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.54 times), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.16 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lorain County, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($88,950), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($82,860), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,319).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

147k

2018 Value

± 6,222

4.88%

1 Year growth

± 5.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Lorain County, OH grew at a rate of 4.88%, from 140k employees to 147k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lorain County, OH, are Manufacturing (23,743 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,832 people), and Retail Trade (19,003 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lorain County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Lorain County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lorain County, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (23,743 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,832 people), and Retail Trade (19,003 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lorain County, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.65 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.17 times), and Educational Services (1.13 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lorain County, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($128,924), Utilities ($70,123), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,386).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.5% of the population of Lorain County, OH has health coverage, with 51.7% on employee plans, 17.5% on Medicaid, 13.9% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.03% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lorain County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Lorain County, OH see 1744 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.2% increase from the previous year (1690 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2142 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 772 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,744 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Lorain County, OH see an average of 1,744 patients per year. This represents a 3.2% increase from the previous year (1,690 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lorain County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.5%

Uninsured

51.7%

Employer Coverage

17.5%

Medicaid

13.9%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

1.03%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lorain County, OH declined by 15.6% from 5.33% to 4.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lorain County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lorain County, OH is home to a population of 309k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.93% of Lorain County, OH residents were born outside of the country (9.04k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Lorain County, OH is composed of 241k White Alone residents (77.8%), 31.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.2%), 24.3k Black or African American Alone residents (7.85%), 7.76k Two or More Races residents (2.51%), 3.4k Asian Alone residents (1.1%), 1.07k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.346%), 464 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.15%), and 75 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0242%).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

51

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Lorain County, OH was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Lorain County, OH are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Lorain County, OH residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.93%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

9.04k people

2.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

8.82k people

As of 2017, 2.93% of Lorain County, OH residents (9.04k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lorain County, OH was 2.88%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lorain County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    62,221 ± 6,108 people

  2. Mexico

    44,382 ± 5,162 people

  3. China

    35,261 ± 4,603 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 62,221 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,382 and China with 35,261.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2018 Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.7% of Lorain County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Lorain County, OH was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lorain County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    241k ± 266

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    31.6k ± 2.59k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    24.3k ± 1.85k

In 2018, there were 7.61 times more White Alone residents (241k people) in Lorain County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 31.6k Hispanic or Latino and 24.3k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lorain County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,336 ± 1,040

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,285 ± 673

  3. Korea

    1,833 ± 600

Lorain County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Lorain County, OH awarded 3,123 degrees. The student population of Lorain County, OH is skewed towards women, with 5,665 male students and 8,796 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lorain County, OH are White (2,243 and 73.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (318 and 10.4%), Black or African American (274 and 8.94%), and Two or More Races (116 and 3.79%).

The largest universities in Lorain County, OH by number of degrees awarded are Lorain County Community College (1,810 and 58%), Oberlin College (910 and 29.1%), and Ohio Business College-Sheffield (147 and 4.71%).

The most popular majors in Lorain County, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (729 and 23.3%), General Business Administration & Management (200 and 6.4%), and Medical Assistant (125 and 4%).

The median tuition costs in Lorain County, OH are $52,762 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 124 degrees awarded

  2. 729 degrees awarded

  3. 128 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Lorain County, OH was Registered Nursing with 124 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Lorain County, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,810 degrees awarded

  2. 910 degrees awarded

  3. 147 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$52,762

Median Private

In 2017, the Lorain County, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lorain County Community College with 1,810 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,208

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,915

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,208 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lorain County, OH, which is 0.631 times less than the 1,915 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lorain County, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,243 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    318 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    274 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lorain County, OH were to White students. These 2,243 degrees mean that there were 7.05 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 318 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lorain County, OH was $156,900 in 2018, which is 0.683 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $143,600 to $156,900, a 9.26% increase. The homeownership rate in Lorain County, OH is 71.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lorain County, OH have an average commute time of 24.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lorain County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$156,900

2018 Median

± $5,021

$143,600

2017 Median

± $4,778

In 2018, the median property value in Lorain County, OH grew to to $156,900 from the previous year's value of $143,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lorain County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lorain County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$58,613

Median Household Income

± $3,346

121k

Number of Households

± 5,538

In 2018, the median household income of the 121k households in Lorain County, OH grew to $58,613 from the previous year's value of $54,932.

The following chart displays the households in Lorain County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lorain County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lorain County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

71.8%

2018 Homeownership

72%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 71.8% of the housing units in Lorain County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lorain County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lorain County, OH have a shorter commute time (24.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.7% of the workforce in Lorain County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lorain County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.42%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.3%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Lorain County, OH was Drove Alone (83.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.42%) and those who Worked At Home (3.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lorain County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lorain County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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