NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
205,303
17.8% 1-year growth
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
35.5
1.72% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
23.2%
0.426% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$51,346
14.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$605,300
13.3% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY had a population of 205k people with a median age of 35.5 and a median household income of $51,346. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY grew from 174,243 to 205,303, a 17.8% increase and its median household income grew from $44,825 to $51,346, a 14.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (52.8%), Other (Hispanic) (15.1%), White (Hispanic) (10.7%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.89%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (4.14%).

40.5% of the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.3% of the residents in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was $605,300, and the homeownership rate was 26.2%.

Most people in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY used public transit to get to work, and the average commute time was 45.6 minutes. The average car ownership in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was 0 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY is home to a population of 205k people, from which 88.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 35.2% of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (72.4k people).

In 2022, there were 3.49 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (109k people) in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 31k Other (Hispanic) and 21.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY are Spanish (53,985 households), Bengali (7,658 households), and Haitian (3,302 households).

Citizenship

88.3%
2022 Citizenship
88%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 88.3% of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was 88%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    109k ± 3.93k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    31k ± 2.89k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    21.9k ± 2.19k
34.3%
Hispanic Population
70.4k people

In 2022, there were 3.49 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (109k people) in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 31k Other (Hispanic) and 21.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

34.3% of the people in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY are hispanic (70.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

35.2%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
72.4k people
34.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
60.6k people

As of 2022, 35.2% of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY residents (72.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was 34.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    53,985 households (28.3%)
  2. Bengali
    7,658 households (4.01%)
  3. Haitian
    3,302 households (1.73%)

40.5% of the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was Spanish. 28.3% of the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,127 ± 363
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,117 ± 305
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    350 ± 155

NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY employs 73.7k people. The largest industries in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY are Home health care services (4,596 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,428 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,225 people), and the highest paying industries are Broadcasting (except internet) ($101,845), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($87,747), and Rail transportation ($87,652).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
32,848
Women
53.4%
28,614
Men
46.6%

The workforce of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY in 2020 was 61,462 people, with 53.4% woman, and 46.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

73.7k
2022 Value
14%
1 Year growth
± 14%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 14%, from 64.7k employees to 73.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY, are Home health aides (4,547 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,703 people), and Retail salespersons (2,310 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

73.7k
2022 Value
14%
1 Year growth
± 14%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 14%, from 64.7k employees to 73.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY, are Home health care services (4,596 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,428 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,225 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,260
Median earning men ± $1,743
$36,070
Median earning women ± $1,279

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($69,189), Information ($59,003), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,220).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($64,007), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,211), and Construction ($46,173).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
2.74%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.56M people employed in New York. This represents a 2.74% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 19.7%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%).

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.96% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.26% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (61.7k), Secondary Education (27k), and Some college (24.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was $605,300 in 2022, which is 2.15 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $534,300 to $605,300, a 13.3% increase. The homeownership rate in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY is 26.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 45.6 minutes, and they used public transit to get to work. Car ownership in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 0 cars per household.

Median household income in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY is $51,346. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

Property

$605,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$14,500
$18,775
Median Property Taxes
±$1,139

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

26.2%
Homeownership
2022
70.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 26.2% of the housing units in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 25.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,346
Median Household Income
± $2,653
71.5k
Number of Households
± 2,374

In 2022, the median household income of the 71.5k households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY grew to $51,346 from the previous year's value of $44,825.

The following chart displays the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.377
2022 Wage GINI in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY
0.38
2021 Wage GINI in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY

In 2022, the income inequality in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was 0.377 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.844% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Public Transit (54.3%)
  2. Drove Alone (26.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.31%)

In 2022, 54.3% of workers in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY used public transit to get to work, followed by those who drove alone to work (26.8%) and those who worked at home (7.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

45.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY have a longer commute time (45.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 9.88% of the workforce in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

0 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY have 0 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

23.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY (47.2k out of 203k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY is Black, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.8% of the population of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 34.7% on employee plans, 42.2% on Medicaid, 7.15% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 0.536% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New York see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1192 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 308 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
1,180 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New York

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.4% under 18 years, 22.8% between 18 and 34 years, 37.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.15%
Uninsured
34.7%
Employer Coverage
42.2%
Medicaid
7.15%
Medicare
10.3%
Non-Group
0.536%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY grew by 4.28% from 4.94% to 5.15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 5--East New York & Cypress Hills PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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