Southwest Region PUMA, MS

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
178,628
0.328% 1-year decline
US Senator
Roger Wicker
Republican Party
US Senator
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican Party
Median Age
39.3

Poverty Rate
29.6%

Median Household Income
$32,110
1.27% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$86,300
1.89% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
N/A

About

In 2018, Southwest Region PUMA, MS had a population of 179k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $32,110. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS declined from 179,216 to 178,628, a -0.328% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,706 to $32,110, a 1.27% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (50%), White (Non-Hispanic) (47.2%), White (Hispanic) (1.25%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.443%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.409%). 2.9% of the people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is $86,300, and the homeownership rate is 73%. Most people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Natchez–Vidalia Bridge over Mississippi River

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Mississippi. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Mississippi, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Mississippi across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Mississippi went to Donald J. Trump with 57.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (40.1%), followed by Gary Johnson (1.19%). The most partisan county was George County, MS with 87.9% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Mississippi. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Southwest Region PUMA, MS is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Mississippi.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Mississippi
57.9% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Mississippi
  1. 87.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 87% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 86.8% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Mississippi was George County, MS with 87.9% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Mississippi colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Mississippi

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Roger Wicker
Senator from Mississippi1
Assumed office on December 31, 2007
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Senator from Mississippi2
Assumed office on April 9, 2018
Appointed to the seat after Thad Cochran's resignation.

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing Mississippi.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Mississippi over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Mississippi

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Southwest Region PUMA, MS have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Southwest Region PUMA, MS is home to a population of 179k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2018, 1.73% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents were born outside of the country (3.09k people).

In 2018, there were 1.06 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (89.3k people) in Southwest Region PUMA, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 84.4k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.23k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Spanish (3,725 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (279 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (124 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Region PUMA, MS
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    89.3k ± 592
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    84.4k ± 16
  3. White (Hispanic)
    2.23k ± 520
1.75%
Hispanic Population
3.13k people

In 2018, there were 1.06 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (89.3k people) in Southwest Region PUMA, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 84.4k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.23k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.75% of the people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are hispanic (3.13k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Southwest Region PUMA, MS as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    3,725 speakers (2.22%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    279 speakers (0.167%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    124 speakers (0.074%)

2.9% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was Spanish. 2.22% of the overall population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS are native Spanish speakers. 0.167% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.074% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.73%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
3.09k people
1.8%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
3.24k people

As of 2018, 1.73% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents (3.09k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 1.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
40
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

In N/A, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS was N/A, the natal country of N/A Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents, followed by N/A with N/A and N/A with N/A.

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Citizenship

98.6%
2018 Citizenship
98.7%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.6% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,893 ± 320
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    949 ± 246
  3. Korea
    699 ± 142

Southwest Region PUMA, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is $32,110. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was Madison & Yazoo Counties PUMA, MS with a value of $71,561, followed by DeSoto CountySouthaven City PUMA, MS and Rankin & Simpson Counties PUMA, MS, with respective values of $68,385 and $63,082.

Males in N/A have an average income that is N/A times higher than the average income of females, which is N/A. The income inequality in N/A (measured using the Gini index) is N/A, which is N/A than the national average.

The economy of Southwest Region PUMA, MS employs N/A people. The largest industries in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Elementary & secondary schools (5,540 people), Hospitals (3,475 people), and Construction (3,465 people), and the highest paying industries are N/A.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,110
2018 value
± $1,002
1.27%
1 Year Growth
± 3.88%

Households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have a median annual income of $32,110, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,706 in 2017, which represents a 1.27% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

N/A
Average Male Salary in N/A
± N/A
N/A
Average Female Salary in N/A
± N/A

In N/A, full-time male employees in N/A made N/A times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Southwest Region PUMA, MS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

In N/A the highest paid race/ethnicity of N/A workers was N/A. These workers were paid N/A times more than N/A workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in N/A.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Southwest Region PUMA, MS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

N/A Wage GINI in N/A
  1. N/A
  2. N/A

In N/A, the income inequality in N/A was N/A according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a N/A N/A from N/A to N/A, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat N/A even. The GINI for N/A was N/A than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed N/A evenly in N/A in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Southwest Region PUMA, MS across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was Madison & Yazoo Counties PUMA, MS with a value of $71,561, followed by DeSoto CountySouthaven City PUMA, MS and Rankin & Simpson Counties PUMA, MS, with respective values of $68,385 and $63,082.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Southwest Region PUMA, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

29.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southwest Region PUMA, MS (50.8k out of 171k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    37,551 ± 1,434
  2. White
    12,577 ± 840
  3. Hispanic
    691 ± 281

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

N/A
N/A Value

From N/A to N/A, employment in Southwest Region PUMA, MS stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,378 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,255 people), and Cashiers (2,171 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,378 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,255 people), and Cashiers (2,171 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Southwest Region PUMA, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Derrick, rotary drill, & service unit operators, & roustabouts, oil, gas, & mining (24.8 times higher than expected), Boilermakers (22.1 times), and Logging workers (20.2 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($265,151), Supervisors of transportation & material moving workers ($103,466), and Human resources workers ($94,254).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

N/A
N/A Value

From N/A to N/A, employment in Southwest Region PUMA, MS stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, are Elementary & secondary schools (5,540 people), Hospitals (3,475 people), and Construction (3,465 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS, though some of these residents may live in Southwest Region PUMA, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (5,540 people), Hospitals (3,475 people), and Construction (3,465 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Southwest Region PUMA, MS has an unusually high number of N/A industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, by average salary, are N/A.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $39.9B
  2. $25.1B
  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $39.9B, followed by Textiles/leather ($25.1B) and Mixed freight ($13.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi.
$187B
2015 Value in Mississippi
$277B
Projected 2045 Value in Mississippi
48.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Mississippi trade was $187B. This is expected to increase 48.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $34.4B
  2. $16.3B
  3. $15.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $34.4B, followed by Tennessee with $16.3B and Louisiana and $15.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was $86,300 in 2018, which is 0.376 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $84,700 to $86,300, a 1.89% increase. The homeownership rate in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is 73%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have an average commute time of 27.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$86,300
2018 Median
± $1,986
$84,700
2017 Median
± $2,307

In 2018, the median property value in Southwest Region PUMA, MS grew to to $86,300 from the previous year's value of $84,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Region PUMA, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$32,110
Median Household Income
± $1,002
65.8k
Number of Households
± 1,888

In 2018, the median household income of the 65.8k households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS grew to $32,110 from the previous year's value of $31,706.

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Region PUMA, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73%
2018 Homeownership
73.4%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 73% of the housing units in Southwest Region PUMA, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have a longer commute time (27.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 6.3% of the workforce in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    87.7%
  2. Carpooled
    6.27%
  3. Worked At Home
    2.55%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was Drove Alone (87.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.27%) and those who Worked At Home (2.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

85.4% of the population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS has health coverage, with 34.1% on employee plans, 26.1% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.41% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Mississippi was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see 1883 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2186 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 764 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
1,883 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mississippi

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,883 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1,896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
$7,646
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Mississippi
$4,045
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,690
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,021
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.6%
Uninsured
34.1%
Employer Coverage
26.1%
Medicaid
12.2%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
1.41%
Military or VA

Between N/A and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southwest Region PUMA, MS N/A by N/A from N/A% to 14.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southwest Region PUMA, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.1% prevalence
  2. 17.8% prevalence
  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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