Union County, OH

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Population

54,688

1.36% growth

Median Age

38.3


Median Household Income

$78,848

10.6% growth

Poverty Rate

7.4%


Number of Employees

26,776

3.29% growth

Median Property Value

$186,000

6.71% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, OH had a population of 54.7k people with a median age of 38.3 and a median household income of $78,848. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, OH grew from 53,955 to 54,688, a 1.36% increase and its median household income grew from $71,282 to $78,848, a 10.6% increase.

The population of Union County, OH is 90.4% White Alone, 3.2% Asian Alone, and 2.45% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Union County, OH speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, OH is $186,000, and the homeownership rate is 78.1%. Most people in Union County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union County, OH employs 26.8k people. The largest industries in Union County, OH are Manufacturing (5,094 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,650 people), and Retail Trade (2,644 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,672), Utilities ($76,184), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,225).

Median household income in Union County, OH is $78,848. Males in Union County, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Union County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$78,848

2017 value

± $3,468

10.6%

1 Year Growth

± 5.78%

Households in Union County, OH have a median annual income of $78,848, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,282 in 2016, which represents a 10.6% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 506.01

  2. Census Tract 503.03

  3. Census Tract 507

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $154,205, followed by Census Tract 503.03 and Census Tract 507, with respective values of $94,163 and $94,034.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, OH (3.8k out of 51.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,282 ± 398

  2. Black

    203 ± 181

  3. Two Or More

    136 ± 148

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, OH is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

26.8k

2017 Value

± 1,047

3.29%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 3.29%, from 25.9k employees to 26.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,282 people), Management Occupations (3,091 people), and Production Occupations (3,025 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,282 people), Management Occupations (3,091 people), and Production Occupations (3,025 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (2.34 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.95 times), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.27 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($93,824), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($90,060), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($83,582).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

26.8k

2017 Value

± 1,047

3.29%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 3.29%, from 25.9k employees to 26.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, OH, are Manufacturing (5,094 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,650 people), and Retail Trade (2,644 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Union County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,094 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,650 people), and Retail Trade (2,644 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, OH has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.96 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.88 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,672), Utilities ($76,184), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,225).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($64.2B) and Machinery ($45.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.7% of the population of Union County, OH has health coverage, with 65.9% on employee plans, 8.62% on Medicaid, 9.26% on Medicare, 9.37% on non-group plans, and 1.5% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see 2360 patients per year on average, which represents a 18.5% increase from the previous year (1992 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2218 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 909 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,360 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see an average of 2,360 patients per year. This represents a 18.5% increase from the previous year (1,992 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.31%

Uninsured

65.9%

Employer Coverage

8.62%

Medicaid

9.26%

Medicare

9.37%

Non-Group

1.5%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, OH declined by 16.5% from 6.36% to 5.31%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, OH is home to a population of 54.7k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.76% of Union County, OH residents were born outside of the country (2.05k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, OH is composed of 49.5k White Alone residents (90.4%), 1.75k Asian Alone residents (3.2%), 1.34k Black or African American Alone residents (2.45%), 859 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.57%), 824 Two or More Races residents (1.51%), 225 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.411%), 157 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.287%), and 79 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.144%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, OH are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, OH was 38.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Union County, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, OH residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.76%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.05k people

3.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.78k people

As of 2017, 3.76% of Union County, OH residents (2.05k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, OH was 3.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 56,561 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Union County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, OH was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    49.5k ± 186

  2. Asian Alone

    1.75k ± 198

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.34k ± 114

In 2017, there were 28.3 times more White Alone residents (49.5k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.75k Asian Alone and 1.34k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union County, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, OH was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union County, OH are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,083 ± 167

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    561 ± 153

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    498 ± 158

Union County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.93 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, OH was $186,000 in 2017, which is 0.855 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $174,300 to $186,000, a 6.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, OH is 78.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, OH have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$78,848

Median Household Income

± $3,468

19k

Number of Households

± 847

In 2017, the median household income of the 19k households in Union County, OH grew to $78,848 from the previous year's value of $71,282.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$186,000

2017 Median

± $5,601

$174,300

2016 Median

± $3,272

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, OH grew to to $186,000 from the previous year's value of $174,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

78.1%

2017 Homeownership

77.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.1% of the housing units in Union County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, OH have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.39% of the workforce in Union County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87%

  2. Carpooled

    5.82%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.51%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, OH was Drove Alone (87%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.82%) and those who Worked At Home (5.51%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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