Union County, SD

County

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Population
15,177
1.66% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Thune
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Rounds
Republican Party
Median Age
40.6

Poverty Rate
7.08%

Median Household Income
$69,563
6.31% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$172,400
6.88% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
8,074
1.78% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Union County, SD had a population of 15.2k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $69,563. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Union County, SD grew from 14,929 to 15,177, a 1.66% increase and its median household income grew from $65,434 to $69,563, a 6.31% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (92.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.76%), White (Hispanic) (1.57%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.16%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.857%). 0% of the households in Union County, SD speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 98.3% of the residents in Union County, SD are U.S. citizens.

In 2018, the median property value in Union County, SD was $172,400, and the homeownership rate was 70.7%. Most people in Union County, SD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, SD was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in South Dakota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in South Dakota. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Dakota.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of South Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, SD went to Donald J. Trump with 67% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (28.2%), followed by Other (4.81%). The most partisan county was Harding County, SD with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing the state of South Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Union County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of South Dakota.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Union County, SD
67% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in South Dakota
  1. 90.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 86.4% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in South Dakota was Harding County, SD with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in South Dakota colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from South Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
John Thune
Senator from South Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Mike Rounds
Senator from South Dakota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing South Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Union County, SD

Dusty Johnson
South Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Union County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Union County, SD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Union County, SD is home to a population of 15.2k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2018, 2.59% of Union County, SD residents were born outside of the country (393 people).

In 2018, there were 52.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 267 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 238 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    14k ± 15
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    267 ± 96.2
  3. White (Hispanic)
    238 ± 126
3%
Hispanic Population
456 people

In 2018, there were 52.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 267 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 238 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3% of the people in Union County, SD are hispanic (456 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.59%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
393 people
2.14%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
319 people

As of 2018, 2.59% of Union County, SD residents (393 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, SD was 2.14%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

41
Median Native-Born Age
± 1
31
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 9.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Union County, SD was 40.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Union County, SD are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Union County, SD residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,277 ± 1,403 people
  2. Ethiopia
    2,274 ± 1,169 people
  3. Guatemala
    2,232 ± 1,158 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,277 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,274 and Guatemala with 2,232.

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Citizenship

98.3%
2018 Citizenship
98.7%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.3% of Union County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, SD was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    411 ± 87
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    228 ± 100
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    102 ± 45

Union County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Union County, SD is $69,563. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, SD was Census Tract 203 with a value of $76,130, followed by Census Tract 202 and Census Tract 201, with respective values of $67,240 and $61,688.

Males in South Dakota have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,005. The income inequality in South Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.432, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, SD employs 8.07k people. The largest industries in Union County, SD are Manufacturing (1,440 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,166 people), and Retail Trade (824 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($83,911), Utilities ($74,671), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($63,750).

Wages

Median Household Income

$69,563
2018 value
± $3,829
6.31%
1 Year Growth
± 7.04%

Households in Union County, SD have a median annual income of $69,563, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,434 in 2017, which represents a 6.31% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
$56,959
Average Male Salary in South Dakota
± $3,037
$43,005
Average Female Salary in South Dakota
± $2,581

In 2019, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in South Dakota
  1. White
    $45,335 ± $1,926
  2. Asian
    $37,346 ± $16,599
  3. Black
    $30,863 ± $6,636

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in South Dakota.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, SD is from South Dakota.
0.432
2019 Wage GINI in South Dakota
0.432
2018 Wage GINI in South Dakota

In 2019, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.432 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.1% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 203
  2. Census Tract 202
  3. Census Tract 201

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, SD was Census Tract 203 with a value of $76,130, followed by Census Tract 202 and Census Tract 201, with respective values of $67,240 and $61,688.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.08% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, SD (1.06k out of 15k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    917 ± 155
  2. Hispanic
    129 ± 118
  3. Other
    85 ± 111

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.07k
2018 Value
± 491
1.78%
1 Year growth
± 8.37%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 1.78%, from 7.93k employees to 8.07k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, SD, are Management Occupations (1,017 people), Sales & Related Occupations (983 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (918 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, SD, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (1,017 people), Sales & Related Occupations (983 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (918 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.32 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.88 times), and Production Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, SD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($79,583), Legal Occupations ($77,763), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,500).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.07k
2018 Value
± 491
1.78%
1 Year growth
± 8.37%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 1.78%, from 7.93k employees to 8.07k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, SD, are Manufacturing (1,440 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,166 people), and Retail Trade (824 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Union County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, SD, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,440 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,166 people), and Retail Trade (824 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.63 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.12 times), and Manufacturing (1.77 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, SD, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($83,911), Utilities ($74,671), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($63,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $13B
  2. $5.96B
  3. $4.05B

In 2018, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $13B, followed by Other ag prods. ($5.96B) and Live animals/fish ($4.05B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota.
$63B
2018 Value in South Dakota
$98.3B
Projected 2045 Value in South Dakota
56.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound South Dakota trade was $63B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $98.3B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $7.1B
  2. $2.35B
  3. $2.24B

In 2018, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.1B, followed by Iowa with $2.35B and Illinois and $2.24B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, SD was $172,400 in 2018, which is 0.751 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $161,300 to $172,400, a 6.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, SD is 70.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, SD have an average commute time of 18.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$172,400
2018 Median
± $8,990
$161,300
2017 Median
± $7,891

In 2018, the median property value in Union County, SD grew to to $172,400 from the previous year's value of $161,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$69,563
Median Household Income
± $3,829
6.46k
Number of Households
± 444

In 2018, the median household income of the 6.46k households in Union County, SD grew to $69,563 from the previous year's value of $65,434.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

70.7%
2018 Homeownership
73.2%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 70.7% of the housing units in Union County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, SD have a shorter commute time (18.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.81% of the workforce in Union County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (86.1%)
  2. Carpooled (6.62%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.54%)

In 2018, 86.1% of workers in Union County, SD drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.62%) and those who worked at home (4.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

94.1% of the population of Union County, SD has health coverage, with 62.2% on employee plans, 5.86% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.89% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in South Dakota was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see 1562 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.93% increase from the previous year (1503 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1062 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2276 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aurora County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.3%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (52.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,562 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, SD

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see an average of 1,562 patients per year. This represents a 3.93% increase from the previous year (1,503 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
$8,933
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in South Dakota
$4,335
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,056
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,315
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.94%
Uninsured
62.2%
Employer Coverage
5.86%
Medicaid
12.6%
Medicare
11.5%
Non-Group
1.89%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, SD declined by 18.4% from 7.28% to 5.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21.3% prevalence
  2. 19.9% prevalence
  3. 19% prevalence

Aurora County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 21.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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