Indiana

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Population

6.69M

0.376% growth

Poverty Rate

14.6%


Median Age

37.8


Median Household Income

$55,746

2.89% growth

Number of Employees

3.11M

1.66% growth

Median Property Value

$147,300

4.39% growth

About

In 2018, Indiana had a population of 6.69M people with a median age of 37.8 and a median household income of $55,746. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Indiana grew from 6.67M to 6.69M, a 0.376% increase and its median household income grew from $54,181 to $55,746, a 2.89% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Indiana are White (Non-Hispanic) (78.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.39%), White (Hispanic) (4.09%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.29%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (2.2%). 8.9% of the people in Indiana speak a non-English language, and 96.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Indiana are Ivy Tech Community College (21,046 degrees awarded in 2017), Indiana University-Bloomington (11,823 degrees), and Purdue University-Main Campus (11,170 degrees).

The median property value in Indiana is $147,300, and the homeownership rate is 68.9%. Most people in Indiana commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Indiana is 2 cars per household.

Indiana borders Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, and Kentucky.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Indiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

false

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Indiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Indiana employs 3.11M people. The largest industries in Indiana are Restaurants & Food Services (196,276 people), Elementary & secondary schools (174,429 people), and Construction (166,152 people), and the highest paying industries are Paper & paper products merchant wholesalers ($154,879), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($108,977), and Petroleum refining ($107,751).

Median household income in Indiana is $55,746. Males in Indiana have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,121. The income inequality in Indiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.448, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,746

2018 value

± $522

2.89%

1 Year Growth

± 1.49%

Households in Indiana have a median annual income of $55,746, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,181 in 2017, which represents a 2.89% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Indiana compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,589

Average Male Salary

± $1,261

$44,121

Average Female Salary

± $895

In 2018, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,624 ± $5,989

  2. White

    $48,199 ± $791

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $42,350 ± $18,800

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.448

2018 Wage GINI

0.45

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.448 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.449% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Indiana was Hamilton County, IN with a value of $100,209, followed by Boone County, IN and Hendricks County, IN, with respective values of $81,145 and $80,582.

The following map shows all of the counties in Indiana colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Indiana (934k out of 6.41M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    651,928 ± 5,771

  2. Black

    174,762 ± 2,885

  3. Hispanic

    110,455 ± 2,444

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Indiana is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.11M

2018 Value

1.66%

1 Year growth

± 1.66%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Indiana grew at a rate of 1.66%, from 3.05M employees to 3.11M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Indiana, are Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (88,909 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (81,901 people), and Registered nurses (75,525 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Indiana.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Indiana, by number of employees, are Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (88,909 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (81,901 people), and Registered nurses (75,525 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Indiana has an unusually high number of residents working as Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic (7.11 times higher than expected), Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, & casters (6.84 times), and Court reporters and simultaneous captioners (3.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Indiana, by average salary, are Surgeons ($344,794), Dentists ($279,556), and Physicians ($263,993).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.11M

2018 Value

1.66%

1 Year growth

± 1.66%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Indiana grew at a rate of 1.66%, from 3.05M employees to 3.11M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Indiana, are Restaurants & Food Services (196,276 people), Elementary & secondary schools (174,429 people), and Construction (166,152 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Indiana, though some of these residents may live in Indiana and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Indiana, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (196,276 people), Elementary & secondary schools (174,429 people), and Construction (166,152 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Indiana has an unusually high number of Not specified metal industries (7.21 times higher than expected), Iron & steel mills & steel product manufacturing (5.6 times), and Engine, turbine, & power transmission equipment manufacturing (5.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Indiana, by average salary, are Paper & paper products merchant wholesalers ($154,879), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($108,977), and Petroleum refining ($107,751).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $73.5B

  2. $45.8B

  3. $42.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $73.5B, followed by Base metals ($45.8B) and Mixed freight ($42.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$487B

2020 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

43.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Indiana trade was $487B. This is expected to increase 43.3% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.4B

  2. $36.8B

  3. $34.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $44.4B, followed by Michigan with $36.8B and Illinois and $34.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.8% of the population of Indiana has health coverage, with 52.3% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 1.24% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Indiana was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Indiana see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,505 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.17%

Uninsured

52.3%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

10.8%

Non-Group

1.24%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Indiana grew by 0.622% from 8.12% to 8.17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Indiana changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Indiana is home to a population of 6.69M people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.01% of Indiana residents were born outside of the country (334k people).

In 2018, there were 8.38 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.27M people) in Indiana than any other race or ethnicity. There were 629k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 274k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Indiana are Spanish (297,188 speakers), German (34,941 speakers), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (28,628 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Indiana was 37.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Indiana are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Indiana residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

334k people

4.89%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

324k people

As of 2017, 5.01% of Indiana residents (334k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Indiana was 4.89%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Indiana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    108,445 ± 8,019 people

  2. India

    31,299 ± 4,333 people

  3. China

    24,613 ± 3,845 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 108,445 Indiana residents, followed by India with 31,299 and China with 24,613.

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Citizenship

96.9%

2018 Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.9% of Indiana residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Indiana was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Indiana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Indiana

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    5.27M ± 4.45k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    629k ± 6.99k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    274k ± 10.8k

In 2018, there were 8.38 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.27M people) in Indiana than any other race or ethnicity. There were 629k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 274k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Indiana as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    297,188 speakers (4.74%)

  2. German

    34,941 speakers (0.557%)

  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    28,628 speakers (0.456%)

8.9% of Indiana citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Indiana was Spanish. 4.74% of the overall population of Indiana are native Spanish speakers. 0.557% speak German and 0.456% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    131,444 ± 4,721

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    67,155 ± 4,198

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    50,904 ± 3,772

Indiana has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Indiana awarded 107,161 degrees. The student population of Indiana is skewed towards women, with 181,489 male students and 225,934 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Indiana are White (76,781 and 77.5%), followed by Black or African American (8,467 and 8.55%), Hispanic or Latino (5,387 and 5.44%), and Asian (2,919 and 2.95%).

The largest universities in Indiana by number of degrees awarded are Ivy Tech Community College (21,046 and 19.6%), Indiana University-Bloomington (11,823 and 11%), and Purdue University-Main Campus (11,170 and 10.4%).

The most popular majors in Indiana are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (7,150 and 6.67%), General Business Administration & Management (6,788 and 6.33%), and Registered Nursing (6,310 and 5.89%).

The median tuition costs in Indiana are $29,210 for private four year colleges, and $6,935 and $18,432 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 4,307 degrees awarded

  2. 3,515 degrees awarded

  3. 2,626 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Indiana was Registered Nursing with 4,307 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Indiana according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 21,046 degrees awarded

  2. 11,823 degrees awarded

  3. 11,170 degrees awarded

$6,935

Median In-State Public

$29,210

Median Private

In 2017, the Indiana institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ivy Tech Community College with 21,046 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

45,509

Degrees Awarded to Men

61,652

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 45,509 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Indiana, which is 0.738 times less than the 61,652 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Indiana by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    76,781 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    8,467 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5,387 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Indiana were to White students. These 76,781 degrees mean that there were 9.07 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 8,467 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Indiana was $147,300 in 2018, which is 0.641 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $141,100 to $147,300, a 4.39% increase. The homeownership rate in Indiana is 68.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Indiana have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Indiana is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$147,300

2018 Median

± $1,112

$141,100

2017 Median

± $1,049

In 2018, the median property value in Indiana grew to to $147,300 from the previous year's value of $141,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Indiana compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Indiana the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,746

Median Household Income

± $522

2.6M

Number of Households

± 24,841

In 2018, the median household income of the 2.6M households in Indiana grew to $55,746 from the previous year's value of $54,181.

The following chart displays the households in Indiana distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Indiana distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Indiana the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.9%

2018 Homeownership

69%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.9% of the housing units in Indiana were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Indiana compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Indiana have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.82% of the workforce in Indiana have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Indiana compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.85%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Indiana was Drove Alone (82.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.9%) and those who Worked At Home (3.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Indiana distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Indiana have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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