New Jersey

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Population

8.91M

1.08% decline

Median Age

40


Median Household Income

$81,740

2.06% growth

Poverty Rate

10.7%


Number of Employees

4.33M

0.283% decline

Median Property Value

$344,000

2.72% growth

About

In 2018, New Jersey had a population of 8.91M people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $81,740. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of New Jersey declined from 9.01M to 8.91M, a -1.08% decrease and its median household income grew from $80,088 to $81,740, a 2.06% increase.

The population of New Jersey is 54.6% White Alone, 20.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 12.8% Black or African American Alone. 31.7% of the people in New Jersey speak a non-English language, and 90.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in New Jersey are Rutgers University-New Brunswick (12,873 degrees awarded in 2017), Montclair State University (5,241 degrees), and Rowan University (3,794 degrees).

The median property value in New Jersey is $344,000, and the homeownership rate is 64%. Most people in New Jersey commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.9 minutes. The average car ownership in New Jersey is 2 cars per household.

New Jersey borders Delaware, New York, and Pennsylvania.

About the photo: State Capitol Rotunda, Trenton, NJ

Economy

The economy of New Jersey employs 4.33M people. The largest industries in New Jersey are Elementary & secondary schools (328,037 people), Construction (242,152 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (212,502 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($177,392), Software publishing ($165,044), and Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($154,454).

Median household income in New Jersey is $81,740. Males in New Jersey have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,578. The income inequality in New Jersey (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$81,740

2018 value

± $687

2.06%

1 Year Growth

± 1.16%

Households in New Jersey have a median annual income of $81,740, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $80,088 in 2017, which represents a 2.06% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in New Jersey compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$89,489

Average Male Salary

± $1,731

$65,578

Average Female Salary

± $1,240

In 2018, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $86,392 ± $3,381

  2. White

    $72,755 ± $1,266

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,823 ± $4,874

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0656% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in New Jersey was Somerset County, NJ with a value of $121,378, followed by Morris County, NJ and Hunterdon County, NJ, with respective values of $112,288 and $111,269.

The following map shows all of the counties in New Jersey colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in New Jersey (938k out of 8.78M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    493,733 ± 5,339

  2. Hispanic

    340,748 ± 4,340

  3. Black

    221,952 ± 3,641

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in New Jersey is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.33M

2018 Value

-0.283%

1 Year decline

± -0.283%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in New Jersey declined at a rate of -0.283%, from 4.34M employees to 4.33M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in New Jersey, are Elementary & middle school teachers (134,014 people), Other managers (127,553 people), and Retail salespersons (102,858 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of New Jersey.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of New Jersey, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (134,014 people), Other managers (127,553 people), and Retail salespersons (102,858 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, New Jersey has an unusually high number of residents working as Crossing guards (3.93 times higher than expected), Podiatrists (3.37 times), and Helpersproduction workers (3.16 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of New Jersey, by average salary, are Surgeons ($346,182), Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents ($238,810), and Chief executives & legislators ($220,188).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.33M

2018 Value

-0.283%

1 Year decline

± -0.283%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in New Jersey declined at a rate of -0.283%, from 4.34M employees to 4.33M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in New Jersey, are Elementary & secondary schools (328,037 people), Construction (242,152 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (212,502 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of New Jersey, though some of these residents may live in New Jersey and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in New Jersey, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (328,037 people), Construction (242,152 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (212,502 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, New Jersey has an unusually high number of Other information services, except libraries & archives, & internet publishing & broadcasting & web search portals (3.82 times higher than expected), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing (3.65 times), and Soap, cleaning compound, & cosmetics manufacturing (3.11 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in New Jersey, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($177,392), Software publishing ($165,044), and Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($154,454).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $55.9B

  2. $42.1B

  3. $38.2B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $55.9B, followed by Electronics ($42.1B) and Mixed freight ($38.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$517B

2020 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

42% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Jersey trade was $517B. This is expected to increase 42% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $79.3B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $79.3B, followed by Pennsylvania with $54.2B and California and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of New Jersey has health coverage, with 54.6% on employee plans, 14.7% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 0.667% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of New Jersey was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1171 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1187 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 534 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,184 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1,184 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (1,171 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.73%

Uninsured

54.6%

Employer Coverage

14.7%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

0.667%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in New Jersey declined by 3.11% from 7.98% to 7.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in New Jersey changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

New Jersey is home to a population of 8.91M people, from which 90.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 22% of New Jersey residents were born outside of the country (1.98M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of New Jersey is composed of 4.86M White Alone residents (54.6%), 1.84M Hispanic or Latino residents (20.6%), 1.14M Black or African American Alone residents (12.8%), 861k Asian Alone residents (9.67%), 155k Two or More Races residents (1.74%), 40.3k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.452%), 8.92k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.1%), and 1.78k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0199%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in New Jersey are Spanish (1,394,122 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (113,877 speakers), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (79,756 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in New Jersey was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in New Jersey are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all New Jersey residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

22%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.98M people

21.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.94M people

As of 2017, 22% of New Jersey residents (1.98M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in New Jersey was 21.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in New Jersey compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    260,034 ± 12,336 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    194,328 ± 10,704 people

  3. Mexico

    107,599 ± 8,005 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 260,034 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 194,328 and Mexico with 107,599.

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Citizenship

90.6%

2018 Citizenship

89.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 90.6% of New Jersey residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in New Jersey was 89.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in New Jersey compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    4.86M ± 4.94k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.84M ± 37.1k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.14M ± 8.75k

In 2018, there were 2.64 times more White Alone residents (4.86M people) in New Jersey than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.84M Hispanic or Latino and 1.14M Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in New Jersey as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,394,122 speakers (16.6%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    113,877 speakers (1.36%)

  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    79,756 speakers (0.951%)

31.7% of New Jersey citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in New Jersey was Spanish. 16.6% of the overall population of New Jersey are native Spanish speakers. 1.36% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.951% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    110,079 ± 4,790

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    49,242 ± 3,806

  3. Korea

    33,904 ± 2,456

New Jersey has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in New Jersey awarded 103,589 degrees. The student population of New Jersey is skewed towards women, with 197,385 male students and 237,254 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in New Jersey are White (48,173 and 49.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (18,230 and 18.8%), Black or African American (13,025 and 13.4%), and Asian (8,504 and 8.78%).

The largest universities in New Jersey by number of degrees awarded are Rutgers University-New Brunswick (12,873 and 12.4%), Montclair State University (5,241 and 5.06%), and Rowan University (3,794 and 3.66%).

The most popular majors in New Jersey are Liberal Arts & Sciences (9,197 and 8.88%), General Business Administration & Management (7,079 and 6.83%), and Registered Nursing (4,475 and 4.32%).

The median tuition costs in New Jersey are $29,300 for private four year colleges, and $11,619 and $20,718 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,129 degrees awarded

  2. 3,598 degrees awarded

  3. 3,440 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in New Jersey was General Biological Sciences with 2,129 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in New Jersey according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,873 degrees awarded

  2. 5,241 degrees awarded

  3. 3,794 degrees awarded

$11,619

Median In-State Public

$29,300

Median Private

In 2017, the New Jersey institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rutgers University-New Brunswick with 12,873 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

44,275

Degrees Awarded to Men

59,314

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 44,275 men were awarded degrees from institutions in New Jersey, which is 0.746 times less than the 59,314 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in New Jersey by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    48,173 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    18,230 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    13,025 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in New Jersey were to White students. These 48,173 degrees mean that there were 2.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 18,230 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in New Jersey was $344,000 in 2018, which is 1.5 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $334,900 to $344,000, a 2.72% increase. The homeownership rate in New Jersey is 64%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in New Jersey have an average commute time of 30.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in New Jersey is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$344,000

2018 Median

± $2,091

$334,900

2017 Median

± $1,880

In 2018, the median property value in New Jersey grew to to $344,000 from the previous year's value of $334,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in New Jersey compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Jersey the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$81,740

Median Household Income

± $687

3.25M

Number of Households

± 29,150

In 2018, the median household income of the 3.25M households in New Jersey grew to $81,740 from the previous year's value of $80,088.

The following chart displays the households in New Jersey distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in New Jersey distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Jersey the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64%

2018 Homeownership

63.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 64% of the housing units in New Jersey were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in New Jersey compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

30.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in New Jersey have a longer commute time (30.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 5.5% of the workforce in New Jersey have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in New Jersey compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.9%

  2. Public Transit

    11.7%

  3. Carpooled

    8.19%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in New Jersey was Drove Alone (70.9%), followed by those who Public Transit (11.7%) and those who Carpooled (8.19%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in New Jersey distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in New Jersey have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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