San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
113,129
0.603% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
35.5
0.852% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
10.3%
3.18% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$75,762
7.05% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$214,800
17.8% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX had a population of 113k people with a median age of 35.5 and a median household income of $75,762. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX declined from 113,815 to 113,129, a −0.603% decrease and its median household income grew from $70,775 to $75,762, a 7.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (32.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (26.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (23.3%), Other (Hispanic) (7.1%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.23%).

34.6% of the households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.5% of the residents in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are Southern Careers Institute-San Antonio (482015) (686 degrees awarded in 2022), Lamson Institute (337 degrees), and Concorde Career College-San Antonio (316 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was $214,800, and the homeownership rate was 64.2%.

Most people in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.4 minutes. The average car ownership in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX is home to a population of 113k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 10.7% of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (12.2k people).

In 2022, there were 1.23 times more White (Hispanic) residents (36.5k people) in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.8k White (Non-Hispanic) and 26.4k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are Spanish (32,420 households), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (1,078 households), and Arabic (504 households).

Citizenship

95.5%
2022 Citizenship
95.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.5% of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    36.5k ± 2.07k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    29.8k ± 2.11k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    26.4k ± 3.81k
63.3%
Hispanic Population
71.6k people

In 2022, there were 1.23 times more White (Hispanic) residents (36.5k people) in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.8k White (Non-Hispanic) and 26.4k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

63.3% of the people in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are hispanic (71.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

10.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
12.2k people
10.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
12.4k people

As of 2022, 10.7% of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX residents (12.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was 10.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    32,420 households (30.5%)
  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    1,078 households (1.01%)
  3. Arabic
    504 households (0.474%)

34.6% of the households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was Spanish. 30.5% of the households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,587 ± 434
  2. Vietnam
    2,366 ± 440
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,957 ± 347

San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX employs 54.1k people. The largest industries in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are Restaurants & Food Services (4,858 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,129 people), and Construction (3,181 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of physicians ($110,721), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($98,600), and Nondepository credit & related activities ($94,918).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
27,294
Women
47.3%
30,386
Men
52.7%

The workforce of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX in 2020 was 57,680 people, with 47.3% woman, and 52.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

54.1k
2022 Value
−1.05%
1 Year decline
± −1.05%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX declined at a rate of −1.05%, from 54.7k employees to 54.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX, are Customer service representatives (1,776 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,610 people), and Cashiers (1,551 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

54.1k
2022 Value
−1.05%
1 Year decline
± −1.05%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX declined at a rate of −1.05%, from 54.7k employees to 54.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,858 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,129 people), and Construction (3,181 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,223
Median earning men ± $2,359
$37,075
Median earning women ± $2,544

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($74,301), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,333), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,609).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($140,682), Wholesale Trade ($53,523), and Public Administration ($51,339).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX awarded 1,729 degrees. The student population of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 982 male students and 1,240 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (986 and 57.1%), followed by White (387 and 22.4%), Black or African American (188 and 10.9%), and Unknown (76 and 4.4%).

The largest universities in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southern Careers Institute-San Antonio (482015) (686 and 39.7%), Lamson Institute (337 and 19.5%), and Concorde Career College-San Antonio (316 and 18.3%).

The most popular majors in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX are Medical Assistant (260 and 15%), Electrician (202 and 11.7%), and General Cosmetology (160 and 9.25%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.11% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.13% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (22.1k), Some college (20.5k), and Bachelors Degree (16.8k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was $214,800 in 2022, which is 0.762 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $182,300 to $214,800, a 17.8% increase. The homeownership rate in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX is 64.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 27.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX is $75,762. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

Property

$214,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,019
$25,824
Median Property Taxes
±$1,250

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.2%
Homeownership
2022
65.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64.2% of the housing units in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$75,762
Median Household Income
± $2,417
40.2k
Number of Households
± 1,738

In 2022, the median household income of the 40.2k households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX grew to $75,762 from the previous year's value of $70,775.

The following chart displays the households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.405
2022 Wage GINI in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX
0.397
2021 Wage GINI in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX

In 2022, the income inequality in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was 0.405 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.23% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (11.7%)
  3. Carpooled (11.3%)

In 2022, 74.1% of workers in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (11.7%) and those who carpooled to work (11.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX have a longer commute time (27.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.08% of the workforce in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX (11.5k out of 113k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

85.4% of the population of San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 48.2% on employee plans, 11.6% on Medicaid, 7.95% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 2.7% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.1% under 18 years, 22.9% between 18 and 34 years, 38.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.4% were men and 51.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

14.6%
Uninsured
48.2%
Employer Coverage
11.6%
Medicaid
7.95%
Medicare
15%
Non-Group
2.7%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX grew by 5.03% from 13.9% to 14.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Antonio (Northwest) & Leon Valley Cities PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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