Texas

State

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2020 Population
28.6M
1.33% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
34.8
0.578% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
14.2%
3.47% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$63,826
3.15% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$187,200
8.52% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
12.7M
1.25% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Texas had a population of 28.6M people with a median age of 34.8 and a median household income of $63,826. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Texas grew from 28.3M to 28.6M, a 1.33% increase and its median household income grew from $61,874 to $63,826, a 3.15% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Texas are White (Non-Hispanic) (41.4%), White (Hispanic) (27.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (11.8%), Other (Hispanic) (6.05%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (4.94%).

35.1% of the households in Texas reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

89.7% of the residents in Texas are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Texas are Texas A & M University-College Station (19,611 degrees awarded in 2020), The University of Texas at Austin (15,363 degrees), and The University of Texas at Arlington (14,095 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Texas was $187,200, and the homeownership rate was 62.3%. Most people in Texas drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Texas was 2 cars per household.

Texas borders Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Oklahoma.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Diversity

Texas is home to a population of 28.6M people, from which 89.7% are citizens. As of 2020, 16.8% of Texas residents were born outside of the country (4.82M people).

In 2020, there were 1.49 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.9M people) in Texas than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.96M White (Hispanic) and 3.37M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Texas are Spanish (7,666,020 households), Vietnamese (230,667 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (178,422 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Texas
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    11.9M ± 4.59k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    7.96M ± 23.2k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    3.37M ± 8.07k
39.4%
Hispanic Population
11.3M people

In 2020, there were 1.49 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.9M people) in Texas than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.96M White (Hispanic) and 3.37M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

39.4% of the people in Texas are hispanic (11.3M people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Texas as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    7,666,020 households (28.8%)
  2. Vietnamese
    230,667 households (0.866%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    178,422 households (0.67%)

35.1% of the households in Texas reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Texas was Spanish. 28.8% of the households in Texas reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

16.8%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
4.82M people
17%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
4.81M people

As of 2020, 16.8% of Texas residents (4.82M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Texas was 17%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Texas compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

32
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.1
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.1

In 2020, the median age of all people in Texas was 34.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Texas are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Texas residents was 35.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,484,512 ± 36,982 people
  2. India
    279,123 ± 12,908 people
  3. El Salvador
    219,615 ± 11,461 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,484,512 Texas residents, followed by India with 279,123 and El Salvador with 219,615.

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Citizenship

89.7%
2020 Citizenship
89.4%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 89.7% of Texas residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Texas was 89.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Texas compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    431,427 ± 4,963
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    391,956 ± 5,856
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    244,831 ± 4,589

Texas has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Texas is $63,826. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Texas was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $105,956, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $100,541 and $100,189.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,589. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Texas employs 12.7M people. The largest industries in Texas are Construction (993,462 people), Elementary & secondary schools (899,993 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (866,707 people), and the highest paying industries are Oil & gas extraction ($139,961), Software publishing ($130,819), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($120,727).

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,826
2020 value
± $218
3.15%
1 Year Growth
± 0.465%

Households in Texas have a median annual income of $63,826, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,874 in 2019, which represents a 3.15% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Texas compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$70,236
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $745
$50,589
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $558

In 2020, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $71,020 ± $2,237
  2. White
    $57,454 ± $557
  3. American Indian
    $48,111 ± $6,839

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Texas
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2020, the income inequality in Texas was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.474% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Texas was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $105,956, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $100,541 and $100,189.

The following map shows all of the counties in Texas colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Texas (3.98M out of 28M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,533,511 ± 14,704
  2. Hispanic
    2,191,157 ± 14,440
  3. Black
    621,903 ± 7,558

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Texas is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.7M
2020 Value
1.25%
1 Year growth
± 1.25%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Texas grew at a rate of 1.25%, from 12.5M employees to 12.7M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Texas, are Elementary & middle school teachers (346,592 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (333,875 people), and Other managers (314,935 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Texas.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Texas, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (346,592 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (333,875 people), and Other managers (314,935 people).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Texas, by average salary, are Surgeons ($297,151), Physicians ($238,114), and Podiatrists ($234,846).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.7M
2020 Value
1.25%
1 Year growth
± 1.25%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Texas grew at a rate of 1.25%, from 12.5M employees to 12.7M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Texas, are Construction (993,462 people), Elementary & secondary schools (899,993 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (866,707 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Texas, though some of these residents may live in Texas and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Texas, by number of employees, are Construction (993,462 people), Elementary & secondary schools (899,993 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (866,707 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Texas has an unusually high number of Oil & gas extraction (5.89 times higher than expected), Support activities for mining (5.7 times), and Petroleum refining (4.82 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Texas, by average salary, are Oil & gas extraction ($139,961), Software publishing ($130,819), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($120,727).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $292B
  2. $210B
  3. $178B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $292B, followed by Gasoline ($210B) and Fuel oils ($178B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.36T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.5T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
90.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.36T. This is expected to increase 90.9% to $4.5T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $78.1B
  2. $76.4B
  3. $74.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $78.1B, followed by California with $76.4B and Michigan and $74.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 96.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Texas
52.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 96.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 95.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 95% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 96.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Texas awarded 381,449 degrees. The student population of Texas is skewed towards women, with 666,438 male students and 961,361 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Texas are White (141,266 and 39%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (136,764 and 37.8%), Black or African American (42,412 and 11.7%), and Asian (23,423 and 6.47%).

The largest universities in Texas by number of degrees awarded are Texas A & M University-College Station (19,611 and 5.14%), The University of Texas at Austin (15,363 and 4.03%), and The University of Texas at Arlington (14,095 and 3.7%).

The most popular majors in Texas are General Studies (38,990 and 10.2%), General Business Administration & Management (21,817 and 5.72%), and Registered Nursing (18,333 and 4.81%).

The median tuition costs in Texas are $23,118 for private four year colleges, and $5,856 and $17,921 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 11,514 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 9,657 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 7,377 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Texas was Registered Nursing with 11,514 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Texas according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 19,611 degrees awarded
  2. 15,363 degrees awarded
  3. 14,095 degrees awarded
$5,856
Median In-State Public
$23,118
Median Private

In 2020, the Texas institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas A & M University-College Station with 19,611 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

157,846
Degrees Awarded to Men
223,603
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 157,846 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Texas, which is 0.706 times less than the 223,603 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in Texas by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    141,266 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    136,764 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    42,412 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Texas was White students. These 141,266 degrees mean that there were 1.03 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 136,764 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Texas was $187,200 in 2020, which is 0.815 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $172,500 to $187,200, a 8.52% increase. The homeownership rate in Texas is 62.3%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Texas have an average commute time of 26.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Texas is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$187,200
2020 Median
± $597
$172,500
2019 Median
± $355

In 2020, the median property value in Texas grew to to $187,200 from the previous year's value of $172,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Texas compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Texas the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,826
Median Household Income
± $218
9.91M
Number of Households
± 28,902

In 2020, the median household income of the 9.91M households in Texas grew to $63,826 from the previous year's value of $61,874.

The following chart displays the households in Texas distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Texas distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Texas the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.3%
2020 Homeownership
62%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 62.3% of the housing units in Texas were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Texas compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Texas have a shorter commute time (26.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.32% of the workforce in Texas have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Texas compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (78.7%)
  2. Carpooled (9.93%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.03%)

In 2020, 78.7% of workers in Texas drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.93%) and those who worked at home (7.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Texas distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Texas have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

82.7% of the population of Texas has health coverage, with 46.3% on employee plans, 14.3% on Medicaid, 9.01% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.85% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1642 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1677 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 827 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,642 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,642 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.3%
Uninsured
46.3%
Employer Coverage
14.3%
Medicaid
9.01%
Medicare
11.2%
Non-Group
1.85%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Texas grew by 0.431% from 17.2% to 17.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Texas changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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