Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
177,225
31% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.5
49.5% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
21.2%
1.84% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$46,024
46.2% 1-year decline
2022 Median Property Value
$141,100
42% 1-year decline
2022 Employed Population
61,214
31.1% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM had a population of 177k people with a median age of 41.5 and a median household income of $46,024. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM declined from 256,918 to 177,225, a −31% decrease and its median household income declined from $85,550 to $46,024, a −46.2% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (45.3%), White (Hispanic) (23.1%), Two+ (Hispanic) (15.2%), Other (Hispanic) (6.12%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (4.11%).

28.7% of the households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.3% of the residents in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are Western New Mexico University (889 degrees awarded in 2022), Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus (456 degrees), and New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (310 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was $141,100, and the homeownership rate was 70.3%.

Most people in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Very Large Array (VLA) interferometer near Magdalena, NM

Population & Diversity

Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM is home to a population of 177k people, from which 95.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 8.05% of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM residents were born outside of the country (14.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (80.4k people) in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.9k White (Hispanic) and 27k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are Spanish (42,261 households), Navajo (1,989 households), and Other Native Languages of North America (1,432 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
86,117
Women
49.4%
88,378
Men
50.6%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 174,495 inhabitants, with 50.6% men, and 49.4% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

95.3%
2022 Citizenship
94.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.3% of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was 94.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    80.4k ± 458
  2. White (Hispanic)
    40.9k ± 2.18k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    27k ± 2.1k
45.1%
Hispanic Population
79.9k people

In 2022, there were 1.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (80.4k people) in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.9k White (Hispanic) and 27k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

45.1% of the people in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are hispanic (79.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    11,797 ± 2,575 people
  2. Philippines
    526 ± 562 people
  3. India
    391 ± 485 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 11,797 Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM residents, followed by Philippines with 526 and India with 391.

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Foreign-Born Population

8.05%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
14.3k people
8.91%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
22.9k people

As of 2022, 8.05% of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM residents (14.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was 8.91%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    42,261 households (25.2%)
  2. Navajo
    1,989 households (1.19%)
  3. Other Native Languages of North America
    1,432 households (0.855%)

28.7% of the households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was Spanish. 25.2% of the households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    6,341 ± 531
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,769 ± 616
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,027 ± 353

Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM employs 61.2k people. The largest industries in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are Elementary & secondary schools (4,975 people), Construction (4,933 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,761 people), and the highest paying industries are Petroleum refining ($94,551), Oil & gas extraction ($94,376), and Lessors of real estate, and offices of real estate agents and brokers ($93,416).

Males in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM have an average income that is 1.25 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,731. The income inequality in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
43,431
Women
48.4%
46,295
Men
51.6%

The workforce of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM in 2020 was 89,726 people, with 48.4% woman, and 51.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM.

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Occupations

61.2k
2022 Value
−31.1%
1 Year decline
± −31.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM declined at a rate of −31.1%, from 88.8k employees to 61.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,795 people), Cashiers (1,787 people), and Cooks (1,708 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

61.2k
2022 Value
−31.1%
1 Year decline
± −31.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM declined at a rate of −31.1%, from 88.8k employees to 61.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,975 people), Construction (4,933 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,761 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM, though some of these residents may live in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,880
Median earning men ± $2,069
$26,710
Median earning women ± $1,253

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($68,643), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($66,418), and Information ($56,122).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($41,139), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($37,399), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($35,513).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Y-Axis
2.3%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.15M people employed in Arizona. This represents a 2.3% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.21%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arizona.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM awarded 1,855 degrees. The student population of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,984 male students and 4,494 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are Hispanic or Latino (746 and 41.4%), followed by White (648 and 35.9%), Black or African American (185 and 10.3%), and Unknown (91 and 5.05%).

The largest universities in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM by number of degrees awarded are Western New Mexico University (889 and 47.9%), Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus (456 and 24.6%), and New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (310 and 16.7%).

The most popular majors in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM are Social Work (283 and 15.3%), General Cosmetology (167 and 9%), and Nail Specialist & Manicurist (121 and 6.52%).

The median tuition cost in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM for a public four year colleges is $6,217 for in-state students and $18,159 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM, the percentage of applicants admitted was 74.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 33.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 7,478 (39.9% men and 60.1% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 7,478 students enrolled in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM, 39.9% men and 60.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 3,155 records, of which 62.7% were women and 37.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 47 degrees awarded
  2. 35 degrees awarded
  3. 29 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was Mechanical Engineering with 47 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 889 degrees awarded
  2. 456 degrees awarded
  3. 310 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Western New Mexico University with 889 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 650 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM, which is 0.539 times less than the 1,205 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 746 degrees mean that there were 1.15 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 648 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($6,217) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,141) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.72% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.78% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (45.7k), Some college (35.4k), and Secondary Education (23.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was $141,100 in 2022, which is 0.501 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $243,400 to $141,100, a 42% decrease. The homeownership rate in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM is 70.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM is $46,024. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was Albuquerque NW PUMA, NM with a value of $79,788, followed by Albuquerque Far NE PUMA, NM and Sandoval County New Mexico PUMA, NM, with respective values of $78,310 and $76,424.

Property

$141,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,138
$46,770
Median Property Taxes
±$1,619

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.3%
Homeownership
2022
70.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 70.3% of the housing units in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was Albuquerque NW PUMA, NM with a value of $79,788, followed by Albuquerque Far NE PUMA, NM and Sandoval County New Mexico PUMA, NM, with respective values of $78,310 and $76,424.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,024
Median Household Income
± $1,655
66.5k
Number of Households
± 2,057

In 2022, the median household income of the 66.5k households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM declined from $46,024 from the previous year's value of $85,550.

The following chart displays the households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.435
2022 Wage GINI in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM
0.436
2021 Wage GINI in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM

In 2022, the income inequality in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.149% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.2%)
  2. Carpooled (11.1%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.82%)

In 2022, 75.2% of workers in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.1%) and those who worked at home (8.82%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3% of the workforce in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM (36.3k out of 171k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.7% of the population of Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM has health coverage, with 23.9% on employee plans, 33.8% on Medicaid, 14.2% on Medicare, 14.9% on non-group plans, and 4.92% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1336 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1449 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 238 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
1,316 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Mexico

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1,336 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.5% under 18 years, 18% between 18 and 34 years, 35% between 35 and 64 years, and 23.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50% were men and 50% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.3%
Uninsured
23.9%
Employer Coverage
33.8%
Medicaid
14.2%
Medicare
14.9%
Non-Group
4.92%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM declined by 4.98% from 8.73% to 8.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southwest New Mexico PUMA, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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